crete eras (fashion)

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FAKULTI SENI LUKIS & SENI REKA Nur Afiqah Binti Muhamad Khuznizaim2016610132

Nadia Najiha Binti Mohd Ramli2016626978

Norain Syamila Binti Ibrahim2016610148

Nurul Asyhiqin Juhari2016444982COURSE: HISTORY OF COSTUME (FES 155)GROUPS;LECTURERS NAME: PUAN LILINIETA

ANCIENT CRETE Minoan Civilization

INTRODUCTIONThe island ofCretewas the center ofMinoan civilizationin Bronze-AgeGreecethat flourished from approximately 2200 to 1450 BC.British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans found and studied remains on CreteCalled Minoan civilization after king named Minos.

Sir Arthur Evans

Early HistoryMinoan civilization emerged around 2000-1400 B.CIt was located on the island of Crete, which is now a part of Greece.The Minoans were famous for the magnificent palaces they built, above all at Knossos.

MAP OF CRETEMAJOR CITIES:Knossos

Construction on the palace at Knossos, according to the legend the palace of King Minos, was begun perhaps as early as 2000 B.C and by 1900 B.C, it was fairly close to its final form- a large single building with a central courtyardThe Palace at Knossos

KINGCOURTIERSOFFICIALSARTISANS, FARMERS, ETCSLAVESThe social scale was;

Theories For Decline of Minoans1750 B.C Earthquake destroys Minoan palaces.1628 B.C Volcano erupts at Thera.1400 B.C War between Minoans and Myceaneans led to decline of power.

Minoans flee Knossos as the palace topples during an earthquake.

"Snake Goddess" or a priestess performing a ritualMinoans worshipped female goddesses that incarnated;the fertility, the vegetation and the succession of seasons. RELIGION

Frescos tell us that:ART

The importance of the sea in Minoans life.

Women had high status.

Minoans enjoyed sport events and nature.

cloaksMEN COSTUMEAncient Cretan- Wearing laincloth of wool/leather/liner & tightly belted at the waist (Presuming that the man had masculine breadth of chest)Usually short kilt.Decorated skirt.During winter-They wore fur lined cloaks secure by pins around shoulder.

Priest-King Fresco at Knosses. Shows a young prince crowned with peacock feathers.

WOMEN COSTUMEAncient Cretan- Women were wearing a long bell-shaped skirt, often in a series of flounces.They wore a bolero-like jacket that had elbow-length sleeves but was open in front, leaving the breasts bare.Dress; silhouette geomatricOver the skirt they will tie a beautifully embroidered apron.

Corset and apron of Fitzwilliam GoddessCorset and apron of Snake Goddess

The Cretans liked bright colours, and their dress was vividly embroidered and decorated. The hair of both sexes was worn long, looped and braided and dressed with jewels, pearls, and ribbons. The Cretans bathed frequently, oiling their bodies afterward.

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3https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B62L50bUQM4Minoan Women Fashion Makeup

Minoan Women Fashion Makeup Keep their skin paleWhite lead + water over their faces/neck/shoulder (create wrinkle-free, white appearance)Brightly coloured lipstickEye shadow; dark and bold with eyelinerRed circle with rouge on their cheeks

ACCESSORIES

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So look at this Minoan figure and now notice that what she is wearing is a sewn garment.

The skirt she is wearing may have had framework underneath it to support the bell shape of it.

They wore a variety of complex garments that were sewn together.

The Minoans sewed skirts and blouses that were shaped to the body of the wearer.

Crete is located in the southern Mediterranean and has a hot climate, so heavy clothes were not needed.Costume of component

cColour of Costume

Main colour

Movie ft Reference

Atlantis: End of a World Birth of a Legend (2011)

Bull-Leaping Fresco

Movie ft Reference

Modern Inspiration From Minoan Clothing

Modern Inspiration From Minoan Clothing

Modern Minoan

As a conclusion, we can learn how they dress during that era. They had a very complex culture more advance than the societies that follow it. And it is inspires us to gain ideas to design clothes/art. Futhermore, the women in Crete are highly respected

BIBLIOGRAPHYhttp://www.timemaps.com/civilization/Minoan-civilizationhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Cretehttp://www.isfamiliari.it/download/iis/comenius/grecia/minoan_civilisation.pdfhttp://duchesslicorne.blogspot.my/2011/05/atlantis-and-minoans.htmlhttp://cosmosdocumentaries3.blogspot.my/2013/06/atlantis-end-of-world-birth-of-legend.html http://www.fashionencyclopedia.com/fashion_costume_culture/The-Ancient-World-Greece/Minoan-Dress.htmlhttp://stravaganzastravaganza.blogspot.my/2011/09/minoan-costumes.htmlhttp://www.crete.org.uk/traditional-crete-dress.html

1) Where is the major cities in crete (a) Ephesus(c) Miletus (b) Athens (d) Knossos

2) Who is the first person to excavate the site at Knossos. (a) Alexander the Great(c) Robert Ballard (b) Sir Arthur Evans(d) Mary Leakey

3) Name the century when the Crete estabished their empire (a) 2000-1400 B.C(c) 1200-400 B.C (b) 800-500 B.C(d) 3900-3700 B.C

4) What is the colour of the fabric that is used for both men and women?

5) List 3 the characteristics of the costume for Women minoan.

QUESTION TIME!!!!!!!!

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