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DESCRIPTIONDistrict 30 Institute Day presentation, regarding creativity and innovation.
- 1. creativity/innovation Presentation for Staff District 30 March 1, 2010Michele Kane, Ed.D. Assistant ProfessorNortheastern Illinois UniversityChicago, IL email@example.com
2. What will we do today? ! Discuss definitions of creativity andcreative thinking ! Examine the personalitycharacteristics of people consideredcreative ! Discuss the 4 Ps and participate in acreative process activity related to the4 Ps ! Identify some creative thinkingactivities for classroom applicationand then remodel a lesson 3. We need a new frame of reference in which to picture ourselves growing and recognizing how the confluence of inner resources and life circumstances can present us with opportunities to revive our lives in meaningful, satisfying ways. Gene D. Cohen (2000), The Creative Age, p. 77 4. Thoughts to ponder.. ! Moving into the 21st century there are authors such as Daniel Pink who have put a spotlight on creative thinking! Creative thinking has had a body of research building since the 1950s! Few would dispute the Importance of creative thinking in public schools! Much of the literature focuses on creative teaching approaches and strategiesSO: 5. What are some of the obstacles in pursuing thecreative process in theclassroom?Think about this for three minutesShare for two minutes 6. Barriers/Obstacles/Squelchers ! Weve never done it before. ! Weve already tried it. ! "Too modern" or "Too old fashioned." ! "It's not in the budget." ! You've gotta be kidding." ! "What bubble head thought that up?" ! "Let's wait and see. ! What will the parents think? ! Lets form a committee. 7. Barriers/Obstacles/Squelchers ! "That's not our job." ! "It's not in the curriculum." ! "It's too late." ! "Don't rock the boat. ! "That's not our department." ! Are you nuts? ! No way. ! Its a waste of time. ! Others??? (Davis, 2004) 8. Definition ! Creativity n.creative ability; artisticor intellectual inventiveness! Creative adj. having the power tocreate; pertaining to creation;inventive; productive (of) as in acreative mind! Create v.t.- to originate; to bring intobeing from nothing 9. Definition (process) ! A creator [must] claim appreciators or admirers to be legitimatized as a true creator. Simonton, 1990! The intersection of two ideas for the first time Keep, cited in Taylor, 1988! By this term we mean helping foster students' ability to think outside the box, create something new and find solutions to problems. District 30 explanation 10. Definition (originality) ! Creativity "is the skill of bringing about something new and valuable." Young (1985, p.85)! Creativity is the process of bringing something new into birth. (May, 1959)! The ability to relate and to connect, sometimes in odd and striking fashion, lies at the heart of any creative use of the mind, no matter what field or discipline. (Siedel, 1962) 11. The 4 Ps! Person! Process! Product! Place (or environment) (Davis, 2004) 12. Types of Creativity! Eminent Creativity ! Big C! Everyday Creativity ! Little C 13. Creative People Creative Characteristics ! Aware of Creativenessvalues originality and creativity, values own creativity! Originalimaginative, full of ideas, is a "what if?" person, resourceful,finds ways of doing things differently, challengesassumptions, builds and rebuilds, bored by routine! Independentindividualistic, internally controlled/inner directed, sets own rules, self-aware, self-accepting, unconcerned with impressing others, may resist societal demands! Risk Takingdoes not mind consequences of being different, not afraid totry something new, willing to cope with failure, rejectslimits imposed by others, optimistic 14. Creative People Creative Characteristics ! Energetic! adventurous, sensation seeking, enthusiastic, alert, spontaneous, persevering, impulsive, driving absorption, excitable, enjoys telling about discoveries, etc.! Curious! questioning, experimenting, inquisitive, wide interests, open to new experiences and growth! Humorous!playful, plays with ideas, childlike freshness in thinking! Attracted to Complexity! attracted to novelty, attracted to the mysterious, tolerant of ambiguity, tolerant of disorder, tolerant of incongruity, tends to believe in psychical phenomena 15. Creative People Creative Characteristics ! Artistic! artistic interests, aesthetic interests! Open-Minded! receptive to new ideas, receptive to other viewpoints, open to new experiences and growth, liberal, altruistic! Needs Alone Time! reflective, introspective, internally preoccupied, sensitive, likes to work by himself or herself, may be withdrawn! Perceptive! intuitive, sees relationships, uses all senses in observingExcerpted from: Creativity Is Forever by Gary A. Davis, Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 2004 16. Creative Product! Convergent Thinking (left brain)! Divergent Thinking (right brain) ! Fluency ! Flexibility ! Originality ! Elaboration 17. Fluency ! Definition Fluency refers to the production of a great number of ideas or alternate solutions to a problem. Fluency implies understanding, not just remembering information that is learned. ! Key words Compare, convert, count, define, describe, explain, identify, label, list, match, name, outline, paraphrase, predict, summarize. http://www.bethel.edu/~shenkel/PhysicalActivities/CreativeMovement/CreativeThinking/Torrance.html 18. Flexibility ! Definition Flexibility refers to the production of ideas that show a variety of possibilities or realms of thought. It involves the ability to see things from different points of view, to use many different approaches or strategies. ! Key words Change, demonstrate, distinguish, employ, extrapolate, interpolate, interpret, predict. 19. Originality ! Definition Originality involves the production of ideas that are unique or unusual. It involves synthesis or putting information about a topic back together in a new way.! Key words Compose, create, design, generate, integrate, modify, rearrange, reconstruct, reorganize, revise. http://www.bethel.edu/~shenkel/PhysicalActivities/CreativeMovement/CreativeThinking/Torrance.html 20. Elaboration ! Definition Elaboration is the process of enhancing ideas by providing more detail. Additional detail and clarity improves interest in, and understanding of, the topic.! Key words Appraise, critique, determine, evaluate, grade, judge, measure, select, test. 21. Creative Process ! Combinations of two ideas that areunrelated! Torrances Definition I have tried to describe creative thinking as taking place in the process of (1) sensing difficulties(2) making guesses/ formulating hypotheses..(3)testing these guesses and possibly revising (4) communicating the results. I like this definition because it describes a natural process (1995)! Creative Problem Solving (CPS)Model 22. CPS MODEL (sometimes without first step) ! Mess finding (locating a problem)! Fact finding (examine what you know)! Problem finding (select a definition)! Idea finding (brainstorming)! Solution finding (evaluating ideas)! Acceptance finding (implementing ideas) 23. Brainstorming! Four Rules! As much as you can as fast as you can ! Piggyback on the ideas of others ! Dont judge yourself or others ! Wild, wacky, zany is desired 24. CAN YOU TEACH CREATIVITY?? (It depends on your definition) 25. 1990s change to Blooms Taxonomy (Reflects the relevance to 21st century skills) New BloomOld Bloom Source: http://www.odu.edu/educ/roverbau/Bloom/blooms_taxonomy.htm 26. Everyday Creativity Nine Key Concepts: ! Creativity is the ability to look at the ordinary and see the extraordinary.! Every act can be a creative one.! Creativity is a matter of perspective.! Theres always more than one right answer.! Reframe problems into opportunities.! Dont be afraid to make mistakes.! Break the pattern.! Train your technique.! Youve got to really care. (Dewitt Jones) 27. What is Everyday Creativity?"Everyday creativity is abouteveryone, throughout our lives,and fundamental to our verysurvival...With our everydaycreativity, we adapt flexibly, weimprovise, we try differentoptions.Ruth Richards 28. Creativity as a lifestyle Creativeness is not identical to mentally-healthy self-actualization; however, it is an important component. Further, the more you come to define creativity as a lifestyle a way of living and perceivingthe greater is the overlap. We know thiseveryone can increase his or her creative capability.(Davis, 2004) 29. Final thoughts ! Many definitions of creativity add tothe richness and confusionsurrounding the topic ! Creativity can be encouraged andaspects can be taught ! Creative people go through a creativeprocess to produce creative productsin a creative press ! Cultivate the creative ideas of others (Bleadow, 2002) 30. Above all, watch with glittering eyes the whole world around you, because the greatest secrets are always hidden in the most unlikely place. Those who dont believe in magic will never find it.Roald Dahl