contemporary college english book one
Post on 01-Jan-2016
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONContemporary College English Book One. Unit 4 The Boy and the Bank Officer. Background: bank / churches and churchgoers. Text: sentence understanding /word study. Discussion: questions on text. Activities: dramatization. Background :Banks HISTORY OF BANKS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Contemporary College EnglishBook One
Unit 4The Boy and the Bank Officer
Background:bank / churches and churchgoersText: sentence understanding /word study
Discussion:questions on textActivities:dramatization
Background:BanksHISTORY OF BANKS
Functions performed by banks today have been carried out by individuals, families, or state officials for at least 4,000 years. Banks first emerged in the Middle Ages when people grew tired of carrying around all their gold and began leaving their money with the goldsmith. Italian Banking in the 14th Century
Background:Banks During the early Renaissance(1416), as international trade revived, Italian money changers once again appeared. They did business in the streets from a bench (banca in Italian; hence the word bank). Florence, Italy, became a great banking center, dominated by the Medici ()family. The Medici family, one of the most prominent banking families in Europe during this time, became quite wealthy from its banking and money lending practices.
Background:Banks With the growth of commerce and trade in Northern Europe, the Netherlands()became an international financial center. The Bank of Amsterdam(/) was organized in 1609. A chartered public bank()was opened in Sweden()in 1656. Bank notes were probably first issued in the 1660s by the Bank of Stockholm(/) in Sweden. It was probably the first financial institution in the world to issue standard-size payable-on-demand()bank bills, which eliminated the handling of copper coins.
Background:Banks The Bank of France was founded in 1800. For most of the 19th century the money markets of Europe were dominated by the House of Rothschild. The house was operated by Rothschild and his oldest son, Amschel Mayer, until its dissolution in 1901. The four other Rothschild sons opened bank branches in Vienna, Austria; Naples(), Italy; London, England; and Paris, France. The London and Paris branches are still in operation.Frankfurt House of Rothschild
Background:Churches and churchgoersThe British churchgoer prefers a severe preacher because he thinks a few home truths will do his neighbors no harm.---Attributed to George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright.Nobody but poor folks get happy in church.---Richard Wright,U.S. novelist.
Sentence Understanding1)Everything about him suggested a carefully dressed authority.---His clothes, his manner, etc. indicated that he was a carefully dressed man who had an important position and power.2) Now if you will excuse me.This expression is used when one wants to go back to ones work, or to attend to other customers, or just to end the conversation.
3) I didnt think twice.I didnt think very carefully.4) Excuse me?But why/ I dont understand. 5) I had my opening.I found a good chance to or to say something.6) I moved in for the kill.I began to prepare to kill, destroy or defeat my enemy. He had a strong argument to silence the bank officer.
7) How do you explain that?What can you say to get out of this ridiculous logic?8) Look, were just wasting each others time.You are just talking nonsense. I dont want to listen to you any more.9) has been shaking the boy down.has been getting money from the boy by using threats10) Anyway, the police are on the case.Anyway, the police are working on the case.
Word Study: happen to do: occur by chanceWe happened to be in the neighborhood.
happen: ---refers to accidental or unplanned eventoccur: ---refers to accidental or unplanned event; (more formal than happen)take place: suggests that an event is/was planned
in the first / secondplace: ---firstly / secondlyin my / your place: ---in my situation
overlighted: --- having too much lightover-: ---above; outside; across overcoat overhead overhang overall --- to excess; too much overtime overeat overburden overcharge overweight overheated
-ish: 1). somewhat,near to reddish greenish yellowish darkish 2). in the manner of foolish childish boyish womanish snobbish 3). of a country Irish Polish Finnish Spanish fortyish: at about the age of forty
mustache: hair on upper lipbeard: hair growing on mans chingoatee: short pointed beard
authority: --- powers to give orders and make others obey eg. The leader must be a person of authority.--- person with special knowledgeeg. She is an authority on phonetics.--- (pl.) person or group having the power to give orders or take actions eg. the authorities concerned
more than: (colloq.) ---very; extremely; beyondThey were more than willing to help.more than:The child was more frightened than hurt.He always seemed old to me, more like a grandfather than a father.no more than: ---only; just / ---the same as It cost me no more than $5 to buy the book. Hes no more able to read Spanish than I am.
think twice about / doing sth: ---think carefully before deciding to do sth You should think twice about employing someone youve never met.Once bitten, twice shy. ---(saying) after an unpleasant experience one is careful to avoid sth similarLightning never strike in the same place twice. ---(saying) an unusual event, or one that happens by chance, is not likely to occur again in the exactly the same circumstances or to the same people.
I don't know anything as to the others.
as to + whether : concerning / about / regarding who when I cant decide as to when we should start. Its still unclear as to whom this car belongs to.
no but to: He had no choice but to sell the house. (do / did/ does) + no but do: I did nothing but follow the rules.
but: one cannot / couldnt but do sth: --- (formal) have toI couldnt but admit that he was right.(negative word) + but + clause: ---without the result that No man is so old but he may learn. ( No man is too old to learn.)but for sb / sth: --- without sb / sthBut for the rain, we would have had a nice holiday..
move in sth: --- live, be active, pass ones time, etc. in a particular social group She moves in the highest circles of society.
move in for sth: --- become active in doing sth I moved in for the kill.move in on sb / sth: ---approach sb / sth, esp. in a threatening way The police moved in on the terrorists.
An enemy battery zeroed in on the crossroad.
zero in on sb / sth:---aim guns, etc. at or find the range of ( a particular target)--- fix attention on sb / sth; focus on sb / sth(sl)We should zero in on the key issues for discussion.
damn: adv. very damn good / clever / well
1)How do you understand the authors friends attitude toward banks? The authors friend hates banks, saying that they act like churches.2) What can banks do for us? And what about churches? Banks keep, land and issue money as well as offer many other financial services such as deposits, loans, exchange, savings, etc.. They also help to regulate the economy with changes in interest rate in money supply. Churches represent Almighty God; lt has right to tell people what to do and what not to do.
Discussion:3) Are there any differences and similarities between banks and churches? They are ordinary stores. But a banks goods happen to be money.4) What do you think of the ending of the story? What effect may it bring to the story? The ending of the story is unexpected. It may bring the story interesting. This article seems to prove that the prejudices of people like the author are ungrounded.
Dramatize the story and act it out.
Dramatize the story and act it out.
B: But I dont understand. I opened the account myself, so why cant I withdraw any money?O: Ive already explained to you that a fourteen-year-old is not allowed to withdraw money without a letter from his parents.B: Nut that doesnt seem fair. Its my money. I put it in. its my account.O: I know it is, but those are the rules. Now if youll excuse me. May I help you, sir?N: I was going to open a new account, but after seeing what going on here, I think Ive changed my mind.
O: Excuse me, sir?N: Look. If I understand whats going on here correctly, what you are saying is that this boy is old enough to deposit his money in your bank but he is not old enough to withdraw it. Since there doesnt seem to be any question as to whether its his money or his account, the banks so-called policy is clearly ridiculous.O; It may seem ridiculous to you, but that is the banks policy and I have no other choice but to follow the rules.N: Have you withdraw money before by yourself?B: Yes.
N: How do you explain that? Why did you let him withdraw money before, but not now?O: Because the tellers were not aware of his age before and now they are. Its really very simple.N: Youre really getting cheated. You ought to get your parents to come in here and protest.O: You know, you really shouldnt have interfered.N: Shouldnt interfered? Well, it damn well seemed to me that he needed someone to represent his interests.O: Someone was representing his interests.N: And who might that be?O: The bank.
N: Look, were just wasting each others time. But maybe youd like to explain exactly how the bank was representing that boys interests?O: Certainly. We were informed this morning that some neighborhood bully has been shaking this boy down for more than a month. The other guy was