considering salvation, part ii john webster, ph.d. dean, h.m.s. richards divinity school, &...

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  • Slide 1
  • Considering Salvation, Part II John Webster, Ph.D. Dean, H.M.S. Richards Divinity School, & Professor of Theology & History of Christianity La Sierra University
  • Slide 2
  • Useful to Distinguish between: Faith --- Doctrine --- Theology Existential Guarding Putting pieces experience boundaries together
  • Slide 3
  • Slide 4
  • Classic or Dramatic Model Early Church Fathers: Irenaeus, Origin, Augustine So-called Ransom Theory Latin or Objective Model Anselm (11 th Century) So-called Satisfaction Theory Love or Subjective Model Abelard (12 th Century) So-called Moral Influence Theory
  • Slide 5
  • Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) Cur Deus Homo? ( Why the God-Man?) Latin --- Feudal system & Penance -Gods honor demands Satisfaction/Punishment -Humans cannot provide satisfaction, thus die -Satisfaction made by the death of the God-Man Later: Reformers, Justice & Penal Substitution Why Objective? In Christ, not in us. Discontinuous Divine Action: Father--Son
  • Slide 6
  • Jesus came to die for our sins, take our place, and suffer our punishment (Gods wrath); So that we can receive his merit and be treat- ed as he deserved Cross needed for God to forgive & be just 2 He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world. 1 John 2:2 Rom 3:24-25 Heb 2:17
  • Slide 7
  • Peter Abelard (1079-1142) Commentary Epistle to the Romans Jesus came to Demonstrate the Love of God Sin put Jesus on the Cross not God God forgives without needing payment Salvation happens in us, through Christs life Why Subjective? Moral Influence theory Continuous Divine action; discontinuous salv.
  • Slide 8
  • Jesus came to show us how much God loves us; even to the Cross God forgives us because that is what God is like Salvation happens when we respond to the love of God; and love takes root in us For God so loved the World... John 3:16 Rom 8 Phil 2
  • Slide 9
  • Early Church: Irenaeus, Origin, (Augustine) First four centuries; Greek speaking Why Ransom Theory? Dramatic Model; Cosmic Conflict; Narrative Christ overcomes the principalities and powers of Evil, Death and the Devil. Liberates us from the bondage of evil & death Continuous Divine Action; Objective salvation Still the major view of Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Slide 10
  • In Christ, God fights and overcomes the principalities and powers that have taken us into bondage In the Resurrection Evil & death is defeated Humanity is now freed to respond to God in praise and thankfulness For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. Eph 6:12 Rom 8 Phil 2
  • Slide 11
  • Fundamental Beliefs # 10 --- Experience of Salvation: In infinite love and mercy God made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin for us, so that in Him we might be made the righteousness of God. Led by the Holy Spirit we sense our need, acknowledge our sinfulness, repent of our transgressions, and exercise faith in Jesus as Lord and Christ, as Substitute and Example. This faith which receives salvation comes through the divine power of the Word and is the gift of God's grace. Through Christ we are justified, adopted as God's sons and daughters, and delivered from the lordship of sin. Through the Spirit we are born again and sanctified; the Spirit renews our minds, writes God's law of love in our hearts, and we are given the power to live a holy life. Abiding in Him we become partakers of the divine nature and have the assurance of salvation now and in the judgment. (2 Cor. 5:17-21; John 3:16; Gal. 1:4; 4:4-7; Titus 3:3-7; John 16:8; Gal. 3:13, 14; 1 Peter 2:21, 22; Rom. 10:17; Luke 17:5; Mark 9:23, 24; Eph. 2:5-10; Rom. 3:21-26; Col. 1:13, 14; Rom. 8:14-17; Gal. 3:26; John 3:3-8; 1 Peter 1:23; Rom. 12:2; Heb. 8:7-12; Eze. 36:25-27; 2 Peter 1:3, 4; Rom. 8:1-4; 5:6-10.)
  • Slide 12
  • Classic or Dramatic Model Early Church Fathers: Irenaeus, Origin, Augustine So-called Ransom Theory Latin or Objective Model Anselm (11 th Century) So-called Satisfaction Theory Love or Subjective Model Abelard (12 th Century) So-called Moral Influence Theory
  • Slide 13
  • Fundamental Beliefs # 10 --- Experience of Salvation: In infinite love and mercy God made Christ, who knew no sin, to be sin for us, so that in Him we might be made the righteousness of God. Led by the Holy Spirit we sense our need, acknowledge our sinfulness, repent of our transgressions, and exercise faith in Jesus as Lord and Christ, as Substitute and Example. This faith which receives salvation comes through the divine power of the Word and is the gift of God's grace. Through Christ we are justified, adopted as God's sons and daughters, and delivered from the lordship of sin. Through the Spirit we are born again and sanctified; the Spirit renews our minds, writes God's law of love in our hearts, and we are given the power to live a holy life. Abiding in Him we become partakers of the divine nature and have the assurance of salvation now and in the judgment. (2 Cor. 5:17-21; John 3:16; Gal. 1:4; 4:4-7; Titus 3:3-7; John 16:8; Gal. 3:13, 14; 1 Peter 2:21, 22; Rom. 10:17; Luke 17:5; Mark 9:23, 24; Eph. 2:5-10; Rom. 3:21-26; Col. 1:13, 14; Rom. 8:14- 17; Gal. 3:26; John 3:3-8; 1 Peter 1:23; Rom. 12:2; Heb. 8:7-12; Eze. 36:25- 27; 2 Peter 1:3, 4; Rom. 8:1-4; 5:6-10.)
  • Slide 14
  • Fundamental Beliefs # 9 --- Life, Death, and Resurrection of Christ: In Christ's life of perfect obedience to God's will, His suffering, death, and resurrection, God provided the only means of atonement for human sin, so that those who by faith accept this atonement may have eternal life, and the whole creation may better understand the infinite and holy love of the Creator. This perfect atonement vindicates the righteousness of God's law and the graciousness of His character; for it both condemns our sin and provides for our forgiveness. The death of Christ is substitutionary and expiatory, reconciling and transforming. The resurrection of Christ proclaims God's triumph over the forces of evil, and for those who accept the atonement assures their final victory over sin and death. It declares the Lordship of Jesus Christ, before whom every knee in heaven and on earth will bow. (John 3:16; Isa. 53; 1 Peter 2:21, 22; 1 Cor. 15:3, 4, 20- 22; 2 Cor. 5:14, 15, 19-21; Rom. 1:4; 3:25; 4:25; 8:3, 4; 1 John 2:2; 4:10; Col. 2:15; Phil. 2:6-11.)
  • Slide 15
  • Fundamental Beliefs # 8 --- Great Controversy: All humanity is now involved in a great controversy between Christ and Satan regarding the character of God, His law, and His sovereignty over the universe. This conflict originated in heaven when a created being, endowed with freedom of choice, in self- exaltation became Satan, God's adversary, and led into rebellion a portion of the angels. He introduced the spirit of rebellion into this world when he led Adam and Eve into sin. This human sin resulted in the distortion of the image of God in humanity, the disordering of the created world, and its eventual devastation at the time of the worldwide flood. Observed by the whole creation, this world became the arena of the universal conflict, out of which the God of love will ultimately be vindicated. To assist His people in this controversy, Christ sends the Holy Spirit and the loyal angels to guide, protect, and sustain them in the way of salvation. (Rev. 12:4-9; Isa. 14:12-14; Eze. 28:12-18; Gen. 3; Rom. 1:19-32; 5:12-21; 8:19-22; Gen. 6-8; 2 Peter 3:6; 1 Cor. 4:9; Heb. 1:14.)
  • Slide 16
  • Other Fundamental Beliefs #4 Son... He suffered and died voluntarily on the cross for our sins and in our place, was raised from the dead, and ascended to minister in the heavenly sanctuary in our behalf... # 5 Spirit... He draws and convicts human beings; and those who respond He renews and transforms into the image of God... #7 Man... But God in Christ reconciled the world to Himself and by His Spirit restores in penitent mortals the image of their Maker... #11 Growing... By His death on the cross Jesus triumphed over the forces of evil. He who subjugated the demonic spirits during His earthly ministry has broken their power and made certain their ultimate doom. Jesus' victory gives us victory over the evil forces... #24 Sanctuary... There is a sanctuary in heaven, the true tabernacle which the Lord set up and not man. In it Christ ministers on our behalf, making available to believers the benefits of His atoning sacrifice offered once for all on the cross...
  • Slide 17
  • Adventism is a highly homogenous religious community, despite its global diversity. Yet, substantively speaking, it has at least four rather different forms or kinds of theology vying for recognition as True Adventism. Each of these different forms or models has its own understanding of salvation. While there are, of course, common themes, the logic of each model is quite different. The best way to get at this is to ask What is the Christian Gospelthe Good News that we are to share with the World?
  • Slide 18
  • Grace --- Forgiveness Righteousness by Faith=Justification by his faithfulness Penal Substitution (LatinObjective); Jesus Death Lutheran (Evangelical Protestant) View Power --- Overcoming Righteousness by Faith=Living righteously by faith Moral Influence (Love Subjective); Jesus Example Schleiermachers (Liberal Protes