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Delivering services through politicians in PNG Experiments in markets and services panel: 2014 State of the Pacific Conference. Colin Wiltshire. Spending though politicians in PNG is high by international standards. (Howes & Sofe 2014, PNG Budget Forum). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Delivering services through politicians in PNG

    Experiments in markets and services panel:

    2014 State of the Pacific Conference

    Colin Wiltshire

    Footer text goes in here

  • Spending though politicians in PNG is high by international standards*(Howes & Sofe 2014, PNG Budget Forum)

  • Development funding for politicians Open electorate MPs have received discretionary and non-discretionary funding, such as:Electoral Development Funds; District Support Grants.Claims PNG politicians have misappropriated hundreds of millions of kina of development funding (Ketan 2007)MP directed grants can increase pressure on politicians to reward clan-based support for elected officials (Reilly 1996; Regan 1997; May 1998; Allen 2010)

    *

  • District Services Improvement Program (DSIP)Is DSIP an extension of direct payments to MPs or a genuine development program?The limited research on DSIP shows large variations in how funds have been used across districts (May and Haley 2006).

    *

  • Joint District Planning Budget Priorities Committee (JDPBPC)Funding decisions are determined by majority vote

    Open MPs can select community representatives on the JDPBPC

    LLG Presidents within the electorate are represented

    Open MPs with community representatives can normally determine project allocations

    *Community Rep LLG President Open MP Community Rep Community Rep LLG President LLG President Typical membership of JDPBPC

  • Previous DSIP spending(PNG Treasury 2012 Balances at September 2012)K20 million in total was paid into DSIP Trust Accounts over a five-year period (2007 2012).

    Remaining balances in DSIP trust accounts were close to K315 million after the 2012 election.

    DSIP Remaining BalancesNumber of districtsPercentage Under 100,0001719100,000 1 million2123.51 million 3 million2022.43 million 5 million1112.45 million 8 million1314.68 million 10 million33.410 million plus22.2

  • In many electorates, previous DSIP funding had not been spent.

  • Was DSIP funding spent effectively? Perspectives of schools and health facilities

    Chart1

    0.20.15

    0.380.28

    0.730.74

    Schools

    Health facilities

    DSIP projects received and perspectives

    7feb2014_OIC_allstats_by provin

    HEALTH OIC COMPARISONS (UNWEIGHTED DATA)

    PROVINCEAGENCY TYPELOCATION

    ALLENBWNBMOROBESANDAUNEHPENGAGULFNCDGOVERNMENTCHURCHPRIVATEURBANRURAL (excluding remote)REMOTERURAL (including remote)

    _NAME__LABEL_NMinMaxMeanStdChanges to dataFlaggedNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStdNMinMaxMeanStd

    province85184.5176470592.4083770752184.4423076922.3213709745384.82.04939015321187.1904761911.74982992475173.922.14198695346174.2173913042.096696274121174.0330578512.121060601

    type_agency_HFtype_agency_HF = 1 is government, type_agency_HF = 2 is church, type_agency_HF = 3 is private142131.4366197180.56449046521121.3809523810.49761335214121.3571428570.49724515820131.60.68055704718121.3333333330.4850712511131.6363636360.80903983519121.3157894740.47756693323121.6086956520.49901087916131.250.57735026921131.2857142860.56061191175131.4666666670.55344946146131.4565217390.585245314121131.4628099170.563343032

    HF_location_sep_HF_location_sep_ = 1 is urban, HF_location_sep_ = 2 is rural, HF_location_sep_ = 3 is remote142132.1760563380.66630446721132.1428571430.47809144414232.5714285710.51355259120232.350.48936048518232.50.51449575511132.1818181820.75075719419131.9473684210.40465131923232.5652173910.50686980216111085132.1294117650.70353250352132.250.5899484865132.20.836660027211110750000460000121232.3801652890.487445695

    HF_location_HF_location_ = 1 is urban, HF_location_ = 0 is rural (including remote)142010.1478873240.35624485821010.0476190480.2182178914000020000018000011010.1818181820.40451991819010.1052631580.31530176823000016111085010.1882352940.39321984852010.0769230770.2690691185010.20.447213596

    district14212011.471830996.435378349211320.89442719114454.4285714290.51355259120687.20.7677718961891110.055555560.80236578311121413.090909090.83120941519151716.210526320.91766293623181918.608695650.4990108791620202008512011.482352946.4947080385212011.461538466.52735282562011.45.549774772122018.09523814.35780635175119106.1862969764631910.847826095.82320030912111910.322314056.040439934

    fund_patrol_budget_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through own budget142010.1126760560.31731568221010.1904761910.40237390814010.0714285710.26726124220000018010.1666666670.38348249411010.0909090910.30151134519010.1578947370.37463432523010.1304347830.34435022216010.06250.2585010.1294117650.33764715652010.0961538460.2976782965000021010.0476190480.2182178975010.120.32714985446010.1304347830.340502612121010.1239669420.330914086

    fund_patrol_fees_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through user fees142010.1126760560.31731568221010.2857142860.4629100514010.2142857140.42581531420010.10.30779350618000011010.2727272730.46709936719010.0526315790.22941573423010.0434782610.20851441416000085010.0941176470.29372522852010.1538461540.3643213085000021010.0952380950.30079260475010.160.36907481146010.0434782610.206184571121010.1157024790.321197827

    fund_patrol_district_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through district142010.1619718310.36972913121010.0952380950.30079260414000020010.350.48936048518010.0555555560.2357022611010.3636363640.50452497919010.3684210530.49559462823010.0434782610.20851441416010.06250.2585010.1882352940.39321984852010.1153846150.3226025395010.20.44721359621010.0476190480.2182178975010.240.42995914346010.0869565220.284884925121010.1818181820.387298335

    fund_patrol_province_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through province142010.1056338030.30845638321010.0476190480.2182178914000020010.050.22360679818010.0555555560.2357022611010.2727272730.46709936719010.2105263160.41885390823010.1304347830.34435022216010.1250.34156502685010.1058823530.30951303652010.1153846150.3226025395000021010.1428571430.35856858375010.120.32714985446010.0652173910.249637418121010.0991735540.300137709

    fund_patrol_church_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through church support142010.0422535210.20187909621000014000020000018010.2222222220.42779263211000019010.0526315790.22941573423010.0434782610.20851441416000085000052010.1153846150.3226025395000021000075010.0666666670.25112360146010.021739130.147441956121010.0495867770.217992342

    fund_patrol_private_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through private contractor142010.0140845070.11825657221000014000020000018000011010.0909090910.30151134519010.0526315790.22941573423000016000085010.0117647060.1084652295200005010.20.44721359621010.0476190480.2182178975000046010.021739130.147441956121010.0082644630.090909091

    fund_patrol_workers_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through health workers from their salary142010.0563380280.23138950921000014010.1428571430.3631365220010.050.22360679818010.1666666670.38348249411000019010.0526315790.22941573423010.0434782610.20851441416000085010.0823529410.27653315952010.0192307690.1386750495000021000075010.0666666670.25112360146010.0652173910.249637418121010.0661157030.249517441

    fund_patrol_referral_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through referral health facility142010.119718310.3257809921010.0952380950.30079260414010.0714285710.26726124220010.050.22360679818010.0555555560.2357022611010.1818181820.40451991819010.1052631580.31530176823010.1304347830.34435022216010.31250.47871355485010.1294117650.33764715652010.0769230770.2690691185010.40.54772255821010.2380952380.43643578175010.1066666670.31076772146010.0869565220.284884925121010.0991735540.300137709

    fund_patrol_not_provide_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through not providing service142010.260563380.44049581121010.2380952380.43643578114010.3571428570.49724515820010.30.47016234618010.2222222220.42779263211010.0909090910.30151134519010.0526315790.22941573423010.4347826090.50686980216010.31250.47871355485010.2705882350.44690031152010.250.4372373165010.20.44721359621010.3333333330.48304589275010.1733333330.38108427646010.3695652170.488020749121010.2479338840.433608728

    fund_patrol_other_HF normally meets outreach patrol costs through other142010.119718310.3257809921010.2380952380.43643578114010.3571428570.49724515820010.050.22360679818010.1111111110.32338083311000019000023010.0869565220.28810406616010.1250.34156502685010.0823529410.27653315952010.1923076920.3979585925000021010.0952380950.30079260475010.0933333330.29285792846010.1739130440.383223047121010.1239669420.330914086

    fund_transfer_budget_HF normally meets transferring patient costs through own budget142010.2676056340.4442779321010.1428571430.35856858314010.1428571430.3631365220010.250.44426165818010.2222222220.42779263211010.7272727270.46709936719010.4736842110.51298917623010.1304347830.34435022216010.250.44721359685010.2588235290.44058784352010.2884615390.4574669595010.20.44721359621010.2857142860.4629100575010.2666666670.44519456246010.2608695650.44396109121010.264462810.442880628

    fund_transfer_fees_HF normally meets transferring patient costs through user fees142010.1901408450.39380123521010.4285714290.50709255314010.2142857140.42581531420010.30.47016234618010.1111111110.32338083311010.0909090910.30151134519010.1578947370.37463432523010.0434782610.20851441416010.1250.34156502685010.1529411770.36206689652010.2307692310.425435635010.40.54772255821010.1428571430.35856858375010.2266666670.42149455246010.1521739130.363158448121010.1983471070.40041301

    fund_transfer_district_HF normally meets transferring patient costs through di