Clinton Comprehensive Plan Complete)

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<p>T</p> <p>O</p> <p>W</p> <p>N</p> <p>O</p> <p>F</p> <p>C</p> <p>L</p> <p>I</p> <p>N</p> <p>T</p> <p>O</p> <p>N</p> <p>Comprehensive Plan</p> <p>TOWN OF CLINTON, DUTCHESS COUNTY, NEW YORKJANUARY 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>A CO MPREH EN SIV E P LAN F O R TH E</p> <p>TO W N O F CLIN TO NPrepared for: Town Board of the Town of Clinton Jeff Burns, Supervisor Mike Appolonia, Deputy Supervisor Dan Budd, Councilman Dean Michael, Councilman Frank Venezia, Councilman Prepared by: Town of Clinton Comprehensive Plan Committee Roger Hof, Chairman Ronald Brand Tony Carvalho John Cleary Norene Coller William Dickett* Roger Mastri Andy Papp* Tracy Ruzicka Annie Scibienski* Donna Shellhammer* Arthur Weiland William Martin* ! ! With Assistance from: GREENPLAN Inc. 302 Pells Road Rhinebeck, NY 12572 Phone 845.876.5775 www.greenplan.org January 11, 2012 DRAFT ! ! * former member</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>Acknowledgments Special thanks to Sarah Love for preparing the historic sites, natural resources, and community facilities maps in Chapters 2, 3, and 6, Neil Curri for preparing Figure 3:12 and the land use and zoning districts maps in Chapter 8, the PoughkeepsieDutchess County Transportation Council for mapping traffic volumes and crash locations in Chapter 7, the Dutchess County Department of Planning and Development for illustrating the four-step conservation subdivision design process and for preparing the Centers and Greenspaces Plan, Norma Dolan for compiling the results of the Community Values Survey, Theron Tompkins the Town Highway Superintendent for advice on traffic and highway matters, and Denise Beneway and Donna Hart for their excellent record keeping.</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>TABLE O F CO N TEN TSIntroduction Chapter 1: Community Values Chapter 2: Historic Preservation Chapter 3: Natural Resources Chapter 4: Population and Economic Profile Chapter 5: Housing Chapter 6: Community Facilities Chapter 7: Transportation Chapter 8: Land Use Chapter 9: Comprehensive Plan Summary and Recommendations List of Figures Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 3.1 Figure 3.2 Figure 3.3 Figure 3.4 Figure 3.5 Figure 3.6 Figure 3.7 Figure 3.8 Figure 3.9 Figure 3.10 Figure 3.11 Figure 3.12 Figure 3.13 Figure 3.14 Figure 3.15 Parcels with Historic Sites Hamlet Parcels with Historic Sites Topography: Shaded Relief Steep Slopes General Geology Soils: Depth to Bedrock Agricultural Soils General Soils Components of a Watershed Water Balance at a Developed and Undeveloped Site Water Resources Dutchess County Annual Aquifer Recharge Rates Hydrologic Soils Water Resource Protection Floodplain Expansion with New Development Habitats Significant Ecosystems and Rare Species following 28 following 28 following 80 following 80 following 80 following 80 following 80 following 80 39 40 following 80 56 following 80 following 80 58 following 80 following 80 i 1 9 29 81 101 119 129 143 167</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>Figure 6.1 Figure 6.2 Figure 7.1 Figure 7.2 Figure 7.3 Figure 8.1 Figure 8.2 Figure 8.3 Figure 8.4 Figure 8.5 Figure 8.6 Figure 8.7 Figure 8.8 Figure 9.1 List of Tables Table 1.1 Table 1.2 Table 1.3 Table 2.1 Table 4.1 Table 4.2 Table 4.3 Table 4.4 Table 4.5 Table 4.6 Table 4.7 Table 4.8 Table 4.9 Table 4.10</p> <p>Community FacilitiesTown of Clinton Fire Districts</p> <p>following 128 following 128 following 142 following 142 following 142 following 166 following 166 following 166 following 166 following 166 following 166 following 166 following 194 2 3 following 8 following 28 81-82 82 82 83 85 85-86 87 87 89 90</p> <p>Traffic Volumes Crash Locations Speed Limits Land Use 1988 Vacant Land Use Comparison 1988 to 2010 Residential Land Use Comparison 1988 to 2010 Agricultural Land Use Comparison 1988 to 2010 Residential, Vacant, and Agricultural Land Uses Current Zoning DistrictsConservation Subdivision Design--Four Step Process</p> <p>Non-Residential, Non-Vacant &amp; Non-Agricultural Land Uses following 166</p> <p>Centers and Greenspaces Plan Comparison of Survey Respondents to Town Population Age of Family Members of Respondents in 2007 Survey Comprehensive Plan Survey Results Parcels with Historic Sites Population Change, 1900 to 2000 Population Change, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1930-2000 Population Rate of Change, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1930-2000 Households, Dutchess County, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1990-2000 Population Composition by Age, 1960-2000 Race and Ethnicity, 1980-2000 Population Projections, Town of Clinton, 1990-2010, From the 1991 Clinton Master Plan Population Projections, Town of Clinton, 2005-2030 Labor Force Participation Employment by Occupation, Percent, 1980-2000</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>Table 4.11 Table 4.12 Table 4.13 Table 4.14 Table 4.15 Table 4.16 Table 4.17 Table 4.18 Table 5.1 Table 5.2 Table 5.3 Table 5.4 Table 5.5 Table 5.6 Table 5.7 Table 5.8 Table 5.9 Table 5.10 Table 5.11 Table 5.12 Table 5.13 Table 5.14 Table 5.15 Table 5.16</p> <p>Employment by Industry, 1990 and 2000 Transportation to Work, Clinton and Dutchess County, Percent, 1980-2000 Journey to Work, Clinton, Adjacent Towns and Dutchess County, 1990 and 2000 Economic Indicators, 1980-2000 Family Income, 1990 Family Income, 2000 Per Capita Income and Poverty Levels, 2000 Family Income Distribution, Percent, 1980-2000 Number of Housing Units, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1960 - 2000 Building Permits, 2000-2007 Number of Units by Type of Structure, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1980 Number of Units by Type of Structure, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1990 Number of Units by Type of Structure, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 2000 Type of Occupancy, 1980-2000 Type of Occupancy, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 1990 Type of Occupancy, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 2000 Age of Housing Stock, Clinton and Adjacent Towns, 2000 in Percent Average Household Size, 1960-2000 Relative Increases in Households, Population and Housing Units Comparison of Selected Household Occupancy Percentages Median Value of Owner-Occupied Units, 1970-2000 Apartment Complexes, Average Rent by Municipality/Size Multi-Family Units, Average Rent by Municipality/Size Condominium Units, Average and Median Dutchess County Rents by Unit Size</p> <p>92 94 94 96 96 97 97 98 102 102 103 103-104 104 105 105 105 106 107 107 108 108 110 110 111</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>Table 5.17 Table 5.18 Table 5.19 Table 5.20 Table 5.21 Table 5.22 Table 7.1 Table 7.2 Table 7.3 Table 8.1 Table 8.2 Table 8.3 Appendices</p> <p>Homes for Rent, Average and Median Dutchess County Rents by Unit Size Annual Household Income to Afford Rental Units by Type and Size Housing Costs and Options for 2000 Housing Costs and Options for 2008 Projected Housing Demand, 2000-2030 Alternative Projected Housing Demand, 2000-2030 Number of Miles Under Each Jurisdiction, Clinton 2010 Average Annual Daily Traffic Counts, State Roads Average Annual Daily Traffic Counts, County Roads 1982-2009 Property Type Major Classification Codes Example of Town of Clinton Land Use Property Codes Highlights of the Town of Clinton Recommended Model Development Principles</p> <p>111 111 115 115 116 117 130 132 132-136 144 148-149 153-154</p> <p>Appendix 3.1: General Properties of Soils Appendix 3.2: Habitats Appendix 3.3: Species of Conservation Concern Appendix 7.1: Maintenance History of Town Roads Appendix 8.1: Property Type Classification and Ownership Codes (Assessors Manual) Appendix 8.2: Glossary of Terms and Phrases</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>INTRODUCTIONLocation and Regional Perspective The Town of Clinton is a rural, primarily residential community, located in the northern portion of Dutchess County. Approximately 4,010 residents (2000 Census) live in a total area of almost 25,000 acres for a population density of 104 persons per square mile, well below the 150 persons per square mile threshold for a rural town as designated by the New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources. Community identity is organized around seven relatively small historic hamlets, leaving Clinton without a single town center. There are only a few commercial or industrial enterprises in the town and no large residential projects that would compare to current development in adjacent areas to the south and west. A large percentage of the land in Clinton remains in agricultural use or is undeveloped, often because of environmental constraints such as shallow soils, steep slopes, or wetlands. Clinton is on the northern edge of the advancing suburban development that is enveloping the city of Poughkeepsie, approximately ten miles to the south. Suburban growth to the south is part of a larger regional trend of expansion in the southern Hudson Valley related to the spreading out of growth from the New York Metropolitan area. Clintons neighbors to the south and west, Pleasant Valley and Hyde Park, and Rhinebeck to the northwest, are under intense development pressure from larger residential and commercial proposals. More like Milan, Stanford and Washington, the towns to the north and east, development in Clinton has generally involved scattered subdivisions of large parcels for single-family homes. From the 1950s until the mid-2000s, the Town of Clinton and Dutchess County as a whole experienced a sustained period of rapid growth. Migration into the county was fueled by a strong economy, relatively low unemployment levels and proximity to the New York metropolitan area. Substantially higher housing and land prices in and around New York City and Westchester County were forcing families north into Dutchess County. Growth in the last several years slowed substantially in both the county and in Clinton, due to the recession which began in 2007, and associated county, state and national economic conditions. The Hudson River rail line and major north-south highways connect commuters to major employment centers to the south. More people are now telecommuting as well. At this time it is unclear as to when, if, or to what degree growth will resume. The regional housing market will likely continue to stimulate growth in the northern parts of the county. With access to the Taconic State Parkway, the scenic beauty of Clintons undeveloped land is attractive to new homeowners or city dwellers searching for a second home in the country. The rural environment that makes Clinton a desirable place to live is</p> <p>Town of Clinton Comprehensive Plan</p> <p>i</p> <p>Introduction</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>increasingly vulnerable to change under these circumstances. The current pause in growth makes this an appropriate time to update Clintons comprehensive Plan. Importance of a Comprehensive Plan In the past, communities were established without comprehensive plans, review boards, or strict regulatory controls. The historic hamlets, farm complexes, and rural roads that remain from this unregulated era of initial development are now admired for their unique, yet harmonious visual qualities. Traditional patterns of construction evolved slowly. Technical improvements or stylistic changes were phased in over decades. The continuity created by extended family ties and local builders generally ensured that structures would be culturally defined according to accepted community standards. As a result, the variety produced by individual efforts was balanced by the underlying unity generated by a more stable community. Why then are comprehensive plans necessary? Modern development involves rapid changes in technology and building materials. Population mobility has been greatly enhanced. Out-of-state developers and architects with imported ideas are common. Moreover, large new development proposals are often out-ofscale with existing communities. One major housing project can dramatically increase a towns population, creating significant impacts on traffic, schools, and other local services. Community standards, which were once passed down through generations among a smaller network of families and moderated by the slower pace of change, must now be defined and protected by the democratically elected local government. A comprehensive plan is a public review process that defines what is important to the community. By carefully examining current conditions and problems in the context of broad citizen involvement, rationally justifiable recommendations for future action can be established. Its purpose is to guide change to be consistent with community objectives. Those objectives will be expressed in the form of policy statements that represent the general desires of town residents. The plan considers major public policy issues in such critical areas as land use, transportation, community facilities and housing. Above all, the plan identifies important elements of the towns natural and built environment and provides policies intended to preserve that environment, while allowing growth that is compatible with community standards. A Comprehensive Plan (previously known as a Master Plan) for the town of Clinton was first developed in 1968 as the initial step toward zoning. That plan was amended in 1991. The towns previous Comprehensive Plans were statements of policy based on assumptions and</p> <p>Town of Clinton Comprehensive Plan</p> <p>ii</p> <p>Introduction</p> <p>January 11, 2012 DRAFT</p> <p>conditions that existed at that time. Changes have occurred in Clinton and Dutchess County in the past twenty years. Furthermore, societal changes affecting family size, household composition, the cost of housing, work habits and development patterns all have land use implications that need to be addressed by Clinton residents. The Comprehensive Plan is a critical document in the Towns land use regulatory framework. According to New York State Town Law 272-a, all land use regulations must be in accordance with the comprehensive plan, thus creating a direct connection between the plan and the regulations that will implement the plan. Additionally 272-a includes a provision which requires other agencies that undertake a capital improvement project within the town to consider the plan. This is a critical piece of information for the Town to have at its disposal when faced with actions such as a roadway expansion by a county, state or federal agency. The Planning Process A committee of Clinton residents, including members from the Town Board, Planning Board, Zoning Board of Appeals, and Conservation Advisory Committee was appointed by the Town Board to develop this document. The Town Board Among the most important powers hired local professionals for engineering and and duties granted by the legislature planning consultations to assist the Comprehensive to a town government is the Planning Committee. An important beginning step was the distribution of a Community Values Survey authority and responsibility to undertake town comprehensive to solicit opinions from residents on a variety of current topics. From the results of the survey, preliminary goals and objectives for the planning process were outlined and then tested against the facts that emerged in the preparation of the background chapters. The Community Values Survey influenced the vis...</p>

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