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  • Cebu City

    Cebu Citys

    yGovernment

    Community-basedComposting

    d and Solid Waste ManagementManagementHON. NIDA C. CABRERACebu City CouncilorCebu City Councilor

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Location and Profile

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Population : 866,171 (NSO 2010)

    Daytime population : estimated at 1.5 millionDaytime population : estimated at 1.5 million

    Total Land Area : 315.0 km2

    50 Urban Barangays

    30 Rural Barangays30 Rural Barangays

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    SecondSecond--largest center of business in the country.largest center of business in the country. Among four premier cities in the country covered in aAmong four premier cities in the country covered in a Among four premier cities in the country covered in a Among four premier cities in the country covered in a

    business risk assessment study (October 2011) by World business risk assessment study (October 2011) by World Wide Fund for Nature Philippines (WWF), Cebu remains on Wide Fund for Nature Philippines (WWF), Cebu remains on top for Foreign Tradetop for Foreign Tradetop for Foreign Trade.top for Foreign Trade.

    From $396 Million in 1990, Cebu Citys foreign trade exports From $396 Million in 1990, Cebu Citys foreign trade exports exceeded $1.527 Billion in 2008 exceeded $1.527 Billion in 2008 3.85 times 3.85 times in 20 years.in 20 years.

    For imports, the city delivered growth from $214 Million in 1990 For imports, the city delivered growth from $214 Million in 1990 p , y g $p , y g $to $1.260 Billion in 2010 to $1.260 Billion in 2010 5.88 times 5.88 times in 20 yearsin 20 years..

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Lowest population growth rate of the four cities in the WWF Lowest population growth rate of the four cities in the WWF study at 1 41% over the 20study at 1 41% over the 20 year periodyear periodstudy, at 1.41% over the 20study, at 1.41% over the 20--year period.year period.

    Cebu leads other cities in TourismCebu leads other cities in Tourism Over five years, the citys hotel room count has

    mushroomed from 2 864 rooms in 2005 to 4 126mushroomed from 2,864 rooms in 2005 to 4,126 rooms in 2010

    Tourism Arrivals, 60% of which are domestic,increased by 58% over five years, y y ,from 1.12 Million in 2005 to 1.76 Million in 2010.

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    barely 15% of the citys total land area sits on flat terrainbarely 15% of the citys total land area sits on flat terrainy yy y uplands are also highly uplands are also highly vulnerablevulnerable to landslides from to landslides from

    rainfallrainfall climate patterns indicate high interclimate patterns indicate high inter--annual variability, with annual variability, with

    extreme weather eventsextreme weather events Cebu City will likely find itself caught in a climate Cebu City will likely find itself caught in a climate

    sandwich as saltwater intrusion advances further, sea sandwich as saltwater intrusion advances further, sea le els rise and more intense t phoons lash the coastlinele els rise and more intense t phoons lash the coastlinelevels rise and more intense typhoons lash the coastline levels rise and more intense typhoons lash the coastline with storm surge.with storm surge.

  • CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    The increasing urbanization of Cebu City coupled The increasing urbanization of Cebu City coupled with the need to manage climate change impacts with the need to manage climate change impacts required arequired a systematic and comprehensivesystematic and comprehensiverequired a required a systematic and comprehensive systematic and comprehensive ecological solid waste management system ecological solid waste management system to to ensure the protection of public health and ensure the protection of public health and environment. environment.

    Policy FrameworkPolicy FrameworkCEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    yy Preservation & protection of the sources of life Preservation & protection of the sources of life the trees, the trees,

    soil and water soil and water and to focus on and to focus on sustainable developmentsustainable development in in the fulfillment of human needs while maintaining the qualitythe fulfillment of human needs while maintaining the qualitythe fulfillment of human needs while maintaining the quality the fulfillment of human needs while maintaining the quality of the natural environment for the current generation and for of the natural environment for the current generation and for the generations yet to come. the generations yet to come. City Ordinance No. 2243 or the City Ordinance No. 2243 or the Sustainable Development Ordinance of the City of CebuSustainable Development Ordinance of the City of Cebu

    Solid Waste Segregation at Source Solid Waste Segregation at Source ((City Ordinance No. 2031City Ordinance No. 2031) ) that shall:that shall:

    (a)(a)Resource conservation & recovery through reResource conservation & recovery through re--use, recycling anduse, recycling and(a)(a)Resource conservation & recovery through reResource conservation & recovery through re use, recycling and use, recycling and recovery of wastes;recovery of wastes;

    (b)(b)Solid waste volume reduction through source reduction and waste Solid waste volume reduction through source reduction and waste minimization measures such as minimization measures such as compostingcomposting, recycling, re, recycling, re--use and use and

    ththothers;others;(c)(c)Proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal Proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal

    of solid wastes;of solid wastes;(d)(d)Effective enforcement by establishing a cooperation among nonEffective enforcement by establishing a cooperation among non--( )( ) y g p gy g p g

    governmental organizations, the private sector, the academe and other governmental organizations, the private sector, the academe and other local government units.local government units.

    Waste CharacterizationWaste CharacterizationCEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Special Waste Mixed Residue

    Hazardous Waste0.32%

    Special Waste2.00%

    Mixed Residue7.84%

    Glass1.63%

    Construction Materials1.00%

    Metal3.51%

    Electronics0.10%

    Paper16.18%

    Organic50.56%

    Plastics16.87%

    Cebu City Planning and Development Office (CPDO)Cebu City Planning and Development Office (CPDO)Waste Analysis and Characterization Study (WACS) 2006

    Waste CharacterizationWaste CharacterizationCEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Department of Public Services (DPS)Waste Analysis and Characterization Study (WACS) 2010

    Waste Composition by SectorWaste Composition by Sector (Source: CPDO,(Source: CPDO,

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Waste Composition by Sector Waste Composition by Sector (Source: CPDO, (Source: CPDO, 2006) 2006)

    Waste Types Commercial Residential Commercial/Residential

    Paper 17.41 % 13.43 % 19.18 %

    Glass 0.80 % 1.60 % 1.76 %

    Metal 3.89 % 2.82 % 4.04 %

    Electronics 0.07 % 0.07 % 0.11 %

    Plastics 18.86 % 18.22 % 16.40 %

    Organic 50.38 % 54.65 % 45.19 %

    Construction 0.00 % 0.77 % 1.04 %material

    Hazardous 0.04 % 0.26 % 0.51 %

    Special 1.15 % 1.90 % 2.62 %

    Mixed residue 7.40 % 6.28 % 9.16 %

    How bad is our solid waste problem?How bad is our solid waste problem?

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    How bad is our solid waste problem?How bad is our solid waste problem?

    With a population of 866866,,171171 (NSO,(NSO, 20102010)) , almost 470,000kilograms (or 470 tons) of wastes are generated in Cebu City aday.

  • CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    ADMINISTRATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTADMINISTRATION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

    The Department of Public Services particularly the Solid Waste

    Management Division is in-charge of the collection and disposal of

    Municipal Solid Waste to the designated waste facility. Around

    90% of Cebu City and roughly 95% of its constituents is covered

    under the service by the aforementioned department with the

    assistance of Solid Waste Management Board for technical and

    policy recommendations. The scope of implementation is based on

    the citys 5-year SWM Plan.y y

    Other Institutions Involved in SWMOther Institutions Involved in SWM

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Other Institutions Involved in SWMOther Institutions Involved in SWMOffice/Dept./Org. Function/Activities

    Office of City Councilor Nid C b

    Legislating environmental-related l / di i l di th d t f Nida Cabrera laws/ordinances, including the conduct of researches (examples: household hazardous wastes; level of mercury contamination in the landfill); Chairing the co a a o e a d ); C a g e following committees: (1) Committee on Environment, and (2) Committee on Public Services; overseeing implementation of SWM programs at the city and barangay SWM programs at the city and barangay levels; monitoring proper collection of garbage; strengthening SWM at the barangay/community level through g y y gestablishment of MRFs & low-cost composting facilities [example: secured Php 55M grant from the Department of the Interior & Local Government (DILG) for Interior & Local Government (DILG) for MRFs in the barangays.]

    CEBU CITY GOVERNMENTCEBU CITY GOVERNMENT

    Other Institutions Involved in SWMOther Institutions Involved in SWMOffice/Dept./Org. Function/Responsibilities

    City Environmental Sanitation Enforcement of local laws/ordinances on solid City Environmental Sanitat

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