buddhist studies-- four noble truth
Post on 06-May-2015
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DESCRIPTIONThis is a powerpoint made for Mathayom 1 students (first years). This is not an indepth look at the 4 noble truths, instead, it is an introduction to it. Also, this slide presentation contains in it the First Noble Truth.
- 1.The teachings on the four noble truths are among the very first of many teachings of Buddha. These teachings are known to contain the essence of the Buddhist path, regardless of the tradition one follows.
2. According to the Buddha, whatever life we lead, it has the nature of some aspect of suffering. Even if we consider ourselves happy for a while, this happiness is momentary by nature. This means that at best, we can only find temporary happiness and pleasure in life. 3. Western Sources Eastern Text Suffering Dukkha Suffering has a CAUSE Samudaya (The cause or the origin) Cessation of Suffering Nirodha Path leading to the Cessation of Suffering Magga 4. The Buddha is often compared to a Physician. Why? In the first 2 noble truths he diagnosed the problem (suffering) and identified the cause (cause of suffering). The third noble truth is the realization that there is a cure. The fourth noble truth is the prescription on how to release ourselves from the problem. 5. Naughty students Make you suffer YES! They sure do 6. The obvious physical and mental suffering is associated with: Birth Illness Growing old Dying 7. In modern literature, the Buddhist idea of what dukkha means is like this However, "suffering" is an inadequate translation of the word "Dukkha", but it is the one most commonly found, lacking a better word in English. 8. A basic unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha) pervades all forms of existence, due to the fact that all forms of life are changing, impermanent and without any inner core or substance. 9. That suffering/Dukkha (anxiety or stress and others) comes from trying to hold onto things that are constantly changing. 10. The essence of life is suffering, said the Buddha. At first glance this seems exceedingly morbid and pessimistic. 11. However, contemporary Buddhist teachers and translators emphasize that the central message of Buddhism is optimistic. But! Buddhist view of our situation in life (the conditions that we live in) is neither pessimistic nor optimistic, but realistic. 12. Suffering comes in many forms. Three obvious kinds of suffering correspond to the first three sights the Buddha saw on his first journey outside his palace: But according to the Buddha, the problem of suffering goes much deeper. Life is not ideal: it frequently fails to live up to our expectations. 13. Human beings are subject to desires and cravings, but even when we are able to satisfy these desires, the satisfaction is only temporary. 14. Pleasure does not last; or if it does, it becomes monotonous. 15. Even when we are not suffering from outward causes like illness or bereavement, we are unfulfilled, unsatisfied. This is the truth of suffering. 16. The emphasis on Dukkha is not intended to present a pessimistic view of life, but rather to present a realistic practical assessment of the human condition that all beings must experience suffering and pain at some point in their lives, including the inevitable sufferings of illness, aging, and death.