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  • rssN 0854-4220

    Jurnal Bahasa dan SastraVolume l9o Nomor 3, Desember 2013

    BALN BAHASA PROV SUTAWESI SELATAN DN PROV. SULAWESI BARAT

    KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKN DN KEBT]DAYAN

    SAWERIGADING vol,. 19 No.3 HLM.323--484

    MAKASSARDESEMBER 2013

    ISSN0854-4220

    Terakreditasi No.527lAU2 IPZN{I-LIPI/0 4 12013

  • rssN 0854-4220

    Jurnal Bahasa dan SastraVolume 19, Nomor 3, Desemb er 2013

    BAIN BAHASA PROV. SULAWESI SETATAN DAN PROV. SULAWESI BARAT

    KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKN DN KEBT]DAYAN

    SAWERIGADING vol-. 19 No.3 HLM.323--484

    MAKASSARDESEMBER 2013

    ISSN08s4-4220

    Terakreditasi No.527lAU2 IP2MI-LPVO 4 12013

  • 4 4220

    )INGSastra ISSN:085+4220

    SAWERIGADINGJURNAL BAIIASA DAII SASTRA

    voLuME 19, NO. 3, DESEMBER 2013

    323-431

    PENULISANKALIMATPEMELAJARBAHASAINDONESIABAGIPENUTUR 333---343ASING: SUATU KAJIAN ANALISIS KESALAIT{N DAN I\4ANFA\T{T\IYADALAM PENGEMBANGAN BAHANAJAR (Writing Sentences of Learners ofBahasa Indonesiafor Foreign Speakers: A Study of Error Analysis and its Usage inMaterial s Dev elopment)Ratnawati

    CORAK KEBAIIASAAN DALAM SASTRABUGIS KLASIK (Language Style inCl os s i c al Bugine s e Lit er ature)Herianah

    SINONIM KELAS KATANOMINABAI{ASABUGIS Q'{oun Synonym in BugineseLanguage)Syamsurijal dan Musayyedah

    METAFORA DALAM BERITA PRODUK CINA PADA SURAT KABARMEDIA INDONESIA DAN KOMPAS : ANALISIS WACANA KRITIS (Metaphor sinthe ChinalsNews Products in Media Indonesia and Kompas Newspapers: CriticalDiscourse Analysis)WinciFirdaus

    KETIDAKSANTUNAN DALAM INTERAKSI ANTAR TOKOH NOVEL KAWIN 377_487

    KONTRAK KARYA SYARIFAH ALIYYAH(Impoliteness in Character Interaction of "Kcrwin Kontrak" Novel by Syarifah Aliyyah)Rahmatiah

    DGRESSING COMPLIMENTS IN ENGLISHAND INDONESIAN LANGUAGE: 389-497A COMPARATWE STUDY (Pernyataan Pujian dalam Bahasa Inggris dan BahasaIndonesia : Suatu Studi' Kompor asi )

    u,/Harlnah Sahib

    HASIL PEIYELITIAN

    TRANSITIVITAS PADA SLOGAN IKLAN BERBAHASA INGGRIS:PENDEK,A^TAN TATA BAII{SA FUNGSIONAL (TTansitivity in English Slogans:A Functional Grammar Analysis)AdeMulvanah

    AKTUALISASI DIRI TOKOH DALAM NOVEL THE HLINGER GAMES (SCIf-Actuqlization Character of "The Hunger Games" Novel)Hasina Fajrin R

    345---3ss

    357-36s

    367-376

    Krr'7,

    399-407

  • EXPRESSING COMPLIMENTS IN ENGLISg AND INDONESIANI,^INCUN.GE: A COMPARATTVE STI]DY

    ( p er ny ata oi p i i oi Em,gf:;: gW;:; l;n B ah a s a I n d o n e s i u :

    Ilarlinah SahibFakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Hasanuddin

    KampusFlBUniversitasHasanuddinTamalarnea,Kml0MakassarTelepon 04tl 587 223, Faksimile 04II 587 223

    Pos-el: harlinahsahib@yahoo'co'idDiterima: 8 september 2013; Direvisi: 10 oktober 2013; Disetujui: 9 November2013

    SAWERIGADING

    Abstrak

    litian ini mengknji pernyataan pujian yattg ditakukan oleh penutur Bahasa Inggris dan Bahasa Indonesia baik

    dhmgkaplran olehpriamaupun wanita. Kaiianinibertujuanuntukmendeskripsikankesamaan danperbedaqn

    mengungknptran pujian ialam keduq bahasa tersebut.Penelitian ini menggmaknn metode deslviptif ycmg

    t kuqntitatif. Data diperoleh melalui teknik lapangan dengan telmik kuesioner daniuga kepustaknan' Hasil

    itian menwiuklran balwa penutur bahasa Inggris fulam mengungknpkan puiian cendertmg lebih langsung'

    tetapi penitur bahosa Indinesia cendenmg bersifat tidak langsmg karena perbedaan budaya'

    is snrdy discusses the expressing of compliments uttered by both English and Indonesian native speakers

    her male or female. rnis study of compliment has objectives to describe the similarities and the differences in

    pressing compliments in the btth hnguages. Data is oUtuio.A through field research by using questionnaire and

    kunci: pernyataan pujian, bahasa Inggris, bahasa Indonesia, studi komparasi

    Abstract

    ;;;;;:Th;;"r"t ;ows that E-ngtltt *a hdonesia native speakers tend to express compliments directly'

    tre other hand, Indonesian people express it indirectly since cultural diversity'

    rds: expressing compliment, English, bahasa Indonesian, comparative study

    When two or more people communicate to

    eh other in speech, they are actually employlng

    r code as an in separable part of the system of

    mmmunication. Communication is defined as "the

    orchange and negotiation of information between

    a least two individuals through the use of verbal

    md nonverbal symbols, oral, and written form

    {Richards, Jack C, Richard W. Schmidt, 1987)'

    Regardless of the natural system of

    communication as mentioned above, Canale and

    Swain ( 1 980) have postulated that communication

    requires some important aspects that includes

    socio-culfura1 ruIes of use arrd rules o f discoutse"'

    This is popularly known as sociolinguistic

    competence that is concerned with the extent to

    which utterances are produced and understood

    appropriately in different sociolinguistic contexts

    *fti"ft also depends on the contextual factors

    such as status of participants and purposes of

    interaction.It is known that speech changes according

    to the degree of formality and Japanese is well

    known for its differences in styles' Speech is

    defined by many factors; among them are alike'

    speakers, status, and roles' Most languages in

    DUCTION

  • Sawerigading, Vol. 19, No. 3, Desember 2013 3t9-397

    the world possess a number of mechanisms toshow politeness or solidary @rown & Levinson,1987) which range from an elaborate honorfficsystem). The importance of appropriateness ofusing language in social interaction had long beenemphasized by some linguists and hence, theidea of systematic study of speech acts as a socialphenomenon is not new. Therefore, when twopeople from similar and different culture interac!they often state compliments in order to pleaseeach other.

    In our daily lives, we generally exchangecompliments as an effort to keep solid relationships.ln other words, compliments are supposed to befor rapport instead of report and for cooperationinstead of complimenting in Tannen,s terms(1996). There are many ways that people useto express compliments, therefore the ways torespond are also various. Different person mayhave different ways in giving responses of theresponded givers, depending on the situation, andthe ways the recipients ofthe compliments assumethe compliments given and also who the one do thecompliments.

    A compliment is a speech act with orimplicitly attributes credit to someone or otherthan the speaker, usually the person addresses, forsome "good" (possession, characteristics, skills,etc.) which is positively valued by the speakerand the hearer.(Holmes, J, 1988).

    It is generally stereotyped that Englishnative speakers are more direct than Indonesianwhen both express speech acts in this casecompliments. Usually Indonesians go around fora while talking about related things before finallysay that they agree or disagree. Even sometimesthey do not use any expressions which reallymean disagree. They may just ask questions orsay something different from that mention by theirinterlocutors, or even, when their interlocutors arehigher in status than they are, they just keep silent.

    Furthermore, in expressing compliments,Indonesian people usually say indirectly totheir interlocutors without thinking aboutmisinterpretation, although it pleases theinterlocutors.

    ln lndonesian culture for example, $lcompliments are relatively rare because fltoo many complements the recipients are dmisunderstood among people. Thereforc |statement is usually used only among medonly ofthe educated class who have been eryuto western customs.

    There are many ways that people usstate compliments, therefore the ways to rerycompliments are also various. Different peumay have different ways in giving responsesthe responded givers, depending on the situdiand the ways the recipients of the complirrnassumes the compliments given and also udoes the compliments.

    In order to provide insightful understandabout the objectives and detailed analyregarding the subject of the research, the wrioutlines the problem statements which rformulated in the following research questions

    1. What is the characteristic of complimqbetween sexes in the two languages?

    2. How are the similarities and differeubetween the two cultural groups reveale

    3. Why do people disclose compliments?

    After revealing research questionthis study, the writer would like to presentobjectives as follows.

    1. To describe the characteristicscompliments between sexes in the trlanguages.

    2. To explain the similarities and differencbetween sexes in the two languages.

    3. To discuss the reasons for people tocompliments.

    F'RAMEWORK TIIEORY

    According to Brown and Levinson (19?52), "a compliment is a positive stategy to addrethe hearers'positive face". The positive face is tperson a person's desire to be approved by othtand to have one's goal thought ofas a desirable Iothers who share similar interests. For examplecompliment such as "your personal opinions a

    390

  • H!

    mc[

    valuable and interesting," conveys approval

    a sense that speaker and hearer share similar

    It works as a kind of social accelerator'

    A compliment is a sPeech act with or

    the hearer (Holmes, J., 1988).

    Brown and Levinson (1987) also claimed

    : speech acts of complementing are a largely

    itive and politeness strategy, since it lets

    addressee knows that he or she is liked' As

    positively affective speech acts, the most

    ious function of compliments is to polish the

    ial relationship, pay attention to positive face

    and thus increase or integrate

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