Axial Skeleton Anatomy Visual Guide

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This is a visual guide I created as a study resource for my BIOL 121 Anatomy and Physiology I labs on the bones and bony landmarks of the axial skeletal system. Credits: All photography, text, and labels by Rob Swatski, Assistant Professor of Biology, Harrisburg Area Community College - York Campus, York, PA. Email: rjswatsk@hacc.edu This work bears an Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons license, and is also available as individual pages (.jpg) on my Flickr site: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rswatski Please visit my website, BioGeekiWiki, for more anatomy and biology learning resources: http://robswatskibiology.wetpaint.com Thanks for looking!

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<ul><li> 1. AxialSkeleton<br />Visual Atlas<br />Anatomy &amp; Physiology I BIOL 121<br />Rob Swatski<br />Assistant Professor of Biology<br />HACC York Campus<br /></li> <li> 2. The Axial Skeleton<br />2<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skeleton_anterior.svg<br /></li> <li> 3. Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />3<br /></li> <li> 4. Supraorbital foramen<br />Frontal bone<br />Nasal bone<br />Supraorbital margin<br />Perpendicular <br />plate<br />Superior orbital fissure<br />Inferior nasal concha<br />Middle nasal concha<br />Zygomatic bone<br />Infraorbital foramen<br />Vomer<br />Maxilla<br />Alveolar process<br />Mental foramen<br />Mandible<br />Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />4<br /></li> <li> 5. Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />5<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_anterior_view.svg<br /></li> <li> 6. Frontal bone<br />Coronal suture<br />Parietal bone<br />Squamous suture<br />Supraorbital foramen<br />Supraorbital margin<br />Orbit<br />Infraorbital foramen<br />Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />6<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_anterior_view.svg<br /></li> <li> 7. Sphenoid bone<br />Temporal bone<br />Superior orbital fissure<br />Inferior orbital fissure<br />Zygomatic bone<br />Maxilla<br />Alveolar process<br />Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />7<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_anterior_view.svg<br /></li> <li> 8. Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />Nasal bone<br />Middle nasal concha<br />Perpendicular plate<br />Inferior nasal concha<br />Vomer<br />Mandible<br />Mental foramen<br />8<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_anterior_view.svg<br /></li> <li> 9. Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />9<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Head_skull_anterior_view.jpg<br /></li> <li> 10. Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />10<br /></li> <li> 11. Skull.<br />Anterior view<br />Lacrimal<br />bone<br />Frontal bone<br />Superior orbital fissure<br />Nasal bone<br />Sphenoid bone<br />Inferior orbital fissure<br />Middle nasal concha<br />Perpendicular plate<br />Inferior nasal concha<br />Maxilla<br />Vomer<br />Zygomatic bone<br />11<br /></li> <li> 12. Skull &amp; hyoid.<br />Right <br />anterolateral<br />view<br />12<br /></li> <li> 13. Skull &amp; hyoid.<br />Right anterolateral view<br />Coronal suture<br />Squamoussuture<br />Optic foramen<br />Temporal squama<br />Greater horn (cornu)<br />13<br />Lesser horn (cornu)<br />Body of hyoid<br /></li> <li> 14. Skull. <br />Left lateral view<br />14<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_and_cervical_spine.svg<br /></li> <li> 15. Sagittal suture<br />Coronal suture<br />Parietal bone<br />Squamous suture<br />Frontal bone<br />Lacrimal bone<br />Lambdoid suture<br />Lacrimalfossa<br />Occipital bone<br />Mastoid portion<br />Styloid process<br />Mastoid process<br />Skull. <br />Left lateral view<br />15<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_and_cervical_spine.svg<br /></li> <li> 16. Skull.<br />Left lateral view<br />Temporal squama<br />Sphenoid bone<br />Temporal bone<br />Ethmoid bone<br />Zygomatic process<br />Temporal process<br />External auditory meatus<br />Alveolar process<br />Mandible<br />16<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_human_and_cervical_spine.svg<br /></li> <li> 17. Skull. <br />Left lateral view<br />17<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human_skull_lateral_view.jpg<br /></li> <li> 18. Skull. <br />Left <br />lateral <br />view<br />18<br /></li> <li> 19. Skull. <br />Left <br />lateral <br />view<br />Mandibularfossa<br />Articulartubercle<br />Condylar process<br />Coronoidprocess<br />Ramus<br />Mandibular notch<br />Mental foramen<br />Body <br />Angle<br />19<br /></li> <li> 20. Skull. <br />Superior<br />view<br />Anterior<br />Frontal bone<br />Coronal suture<br />Sagittal suture<br />Parietal bone<br />20<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 21. Skull. <br />Posterior<br />view<br />Sagittal suture<br />Parietal bone<br />Occipital bone<br />Lambdoid suture<br />Superior nuchal line<br />External occipital protuberance<br />Inferior nuchal line<br />Mastoid process<br />21<br /></li> <li> 22. Skull. <br />Posterior view<br />22<br /></li> <li> 23. Skull. <br />Posterior view<br />Sagittal suture<br />Parietal bone<br />Lambdoid suture<br />Occipital bone<br />External occipital protuberance<br />Superior nuchal line<br />Inferior nuchal line<br />23<br /></li> <li> 24. Skull. <br />Superior view of floor of cranium<br />24<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_interior_anatomy.svg<br /></li> <li> 25. Optic foramen<br />Ethmoid bone<br />Superior orbital fissure<br />Foramen rotundum<br />Foramen spinosum<br />Foramen ovale<br />Foramen lacerum<br />Internal auditory meatus<br />Jugular foramen<br />Foramen magnum<br />Skull.<br />Superior view of floor of cranium<br />25<br />Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec 2006, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skull_interior_anatomy.svg<br /></li> <li> 26. Skull.<br />Superior view of floor of cranium<br />26<br /></li> <li> 27. Skull. <br />Superior view of floor of cranium<br />27<br /></li> <li> 28. Skull. <br />Superior view of floor of cranium<br />Anterior<br />Cristagalli<br />Cribriform plate<br />Optic foramen<br />Superior orbital fissure<br />Foramen rotundum<br />Internal auditory meatus<br />Foramen ovale<br />Petrous portion<br />Foramen spinosum<br />Jugular foramen<br />28<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 29. Skull. <br />Superior view of sphenoid bone<br />Anterior<br />29<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 30. Skull. <br />Superior view of sphenoid bone<br />Anterior<br />Ethmoid bone<br />Cristagalli<br />Cribriform plate<br />Optic foramen<br />Lesser wing<br />Greater wing<br />Tuberculumsellae<br />Foramen rotundum<br />Sellaturcica<br />Hypophysealfossa<br />Foramen ovale<br />Dorsum sellae<br />Foramen spinosum<br />30<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 31. Sphenoid bone. <br />Superior view<br />Anterior<br />Tuberculumsellae<br />Greater wing<br />Lesser wing<br />Optic foramen<br />Superior orbital fissure<br />Dorsum <br />sellae<br />Foramen rotundum<br />Foramen ovale<br />Foramen spinosum<br />31<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 32. Ethmoid bone. <br />Cristagalli<br />Anterior view<br />Posterior view<br />Superior <br />nasal <br />conchae<br />Middle<br />nasal <br />conchae<br />Perpendicular plate<br />32<br /></li> <li> 33. Ethmoid bone. <br />Cristagalli<br />Superior view<br />Lateral view<br />Anterior<br />Anterior<br />Posterior<br />Cribriform plate<br />Posterior<br />33<br /></li> <li> 34. Skull.<br />Inferior-posterior view<br />34<br /></li> <li> 35. Skull.<br />Inferior-posterior view<br />Incisive foramen<br />Palatine process<br />Palatine bone<br /> (Horizontal plate)<br />Zygomatic bone<br />Pterygoid process<br />Styloid process<br />Mastoid process<br />Temporal bone<br />Occipital bone<br />External occipital protuberance<br />35<br /></li> <li> 36. Anterior<br />Skull.<br />Inferior view<br />36<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 37. Incisive foramen<br />Anterior<br />Palatine process<br />Temporal process<br />Zygomatic arch<br />Zygomatic process<br />Palatine Bone (Horizontal plate)<br />Skull.<br />Inferior view<br />37<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 38. Skull.<br />Inferior view<br />Anterior<br />38<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 39. Skull.<br />Inferior view<br />Anterior<br />Foramen lacerum<br />Foramen ovale<br />Foramen spinosum<br />Jugular foramen<br />Carotid foramen<br />Styloid process<br />Foramen magnum<br />Occipital condyle<br />Mastoid<br />process<br />39<br />Posterior<br /></li> <li> 40. Mandible.<br />Left lateral view<br />Coronoid process<br />Condylar process<br />Mandibular notch<br />Ramus<br />Alveolar process<br />Mental foramen<br />Body of mandible<br />Angle<br />40<br /></li> <li> 41. Coronoid process<br />Condylar process<br />Mandibular foramen<br />Mandible.<br />Posterior view<br />41<br /></li> <li> 42. Anterior (Frontal) fontanel<br />Fetal skull.<br />Anterior view<br />42<br /></li> <li> 43. Anterior (Frontal) fontanel<br />Anterolateral (Sphenoidal) fontanel<br />Posterolateral (Mastoid) fontanel<br />Fetal skull.<br />Right lateral view<br />43<br /></li> <li> 44. Fetal skull.<br />Posterior<br />view<br />Posterior (Occipital) fontanel<br />44<br /></li> <li> 45. Greater horn (cornu)<br />Lesser horn (cornu)<br />Body of hyoid<br />Hyoid bone.<br />Anterior view<br />45<br /></li> <li> 46. Vertebral Column<br />46<br /></li> <li> 47. Atlas (C1).<br />Superior view<br />Posterior arch<br />Transverse process<br />Vertebral foramen<br />Anterior Arch<br />Superior articular facet<br />Transverse foramen<br />47<br /></li> <li> 48. Anterior arch<br />Dens (Odontoid process)<br />Superior articular facet<br />Atlas (C1)<br />Transverse processes<br />Posterior arch<br />Inferior articular process<br />Axis (C2)<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />Atlas &amp; Axis.<br />Superior-posterior view<br />48<br /></li> <li> 49. Superior articular process<br />Transverse process<br />Dens<br />Atlas (C1)<br />Posterior arch<br />Inferior articular processes<br />Superior articular process<br />Axis (C2)<br />Atlas &amp; Axis.<br />Posterior view<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />49<br /></li> <li> 50. Anterior arch<br />Atlas &amp; Axis.<br />Right lateral view<br />Superior articular process<br />Posterior arch<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />Inferior articular processes<br />Transverse processes<br />Inferior articular facet<br />50<br /></li> <li> 51. Superior articular process<br />Transverse process<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />Thoracic vertebra.<br />Posterior view<br />51<br /></li> <li> 52. Thoracic vertebra.<br />Superior-posterior <br />view<br />Body<br />Superior articular process<br />Vertebral foramen<br />Transverse process<br />Lamina<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />52<br /></li> <li> 53. Superior articular facet<br />Superior articular process<br />Transverse process<br />Body<br />Pedicle<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />Thoracic vertebra.<br />Left lateral view<br />53<br /></li> <li> 54. Superior articular process<br />Superior articular facet<br />Pedicle<br />Body<br />Transverse process<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />Lumbar vertebra.<br />Posterior view<br />54<br /></li> <li> 55. Lumbar vertebra.<br />Right lateral view<br />Superior articular process<br />Pedicle<br />Transverse process<br />Body<br />Spinous process (Spine)<br />Inferior articular process<br />55<br /></li> <li> 56. Sacrum<br />Coccyx<br />Sacrum &amp; Coccyx.<br />Anterior view<br />56<br /></li> <li> 57. Manubrium<br />Body of sternum<br />Xiphoid process<br />Sternum.<br />Anterior view<br />57<br /></li> <li> 58. Rib (Costal bone).<br />Lateral view<br />Costal groove<br />Head<br />Neck<br />Body<br />58<br /></li> <li> 59. cCredits c<br />Photographs and labels by Rob Swatski, 2009-2010<br />http://robswatskibiology.wetpaint.com<br />Visit my website for more Anatomy study resources!<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/rswatski<br />Please send your comments and feedback to: rjswatsk@hacc.edu<br />This work bears an Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons license. <br />59<br /></li> </ul>