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    Aquaculture: The Environmental Impacts of Shrimp Farming on its Surrounding Ecosystem GES 101 Group 49: Itzael Vargas, Ben Moore, Slade Custer

    What is Aquaculture?

    Shrimp Aquaculture

    The Environmental Dillema As aquaculture production rises, the amount of

    food increases, which correlates into more waste material and other suspended solids.

    This waste is responsible for oxygen depletion and a higher level of turbidity in the waters. These two things are prominent factors in the salinization of water supplies. This wastewater also adds salts and acids to the

    soil which can make the surrounding land unsuitable for plant growth

    Shrimp waste that is rich in nutrients causes an increase in aquatic algae and plant growth and causes the amount of oxygen to decrease.

    Large-scale shrimp farming also destroys coastal habitats through the physical degradation of wetlands.

    Visual Aid

    Solutions

    Conclusion Waste from shrimp aquaculture is hurting our

    environment in more ways you think Because of the high demand of shrimp, intensive

    farming is becoming an even bigger problem Their are different solutions we can utilize that will

    take the effort of everybody involved to ensure their success

    Everyone must cut down on the amount of shrimp they need, so that farms are less concentrated

    Works Cited http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/aquaculture/what_is_aquaculture.html http://www.worldwildlife.org/industries/farmed-shrimp http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11436996 http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/big-

    impacts-little-shrimp http://www.agmrc.org/commodities__products/aquaculture/

    Farmed shrimp accounts for 55 percent of the shrimp produced globally

    Most shrimp aquaculture occurs in China, followed by Thailand, Indonesia, India, Vietnam, Brazil, Ecuador, and Bangladesh This has become a substantial income for these

    countries Investors seeking profits have greatly intensified

    farming methods although at significant cost to the environment.

    Introduce a waste treatment facility like we use with our cities. For example, waste is filtered out, and it is exposed to microorganisms that eat and break down the waste so that it is not toxic, and it is then able to be released back into water supplies

    Build fisheries deeper into the ocean because it doesn't have such a huge impact on our wetlands

    Set a quota for everybody growing shrimp fisheries where they can only breed and sell a certain amount.

    Force buyers to buy shrimp from produces meeting set standards

    Breed shrimp less susceptible to disease identify critical habitats (e.g. lagoons, mongroves),

    their state, and existing threats (agriculture, urbanization, etc.)

    The breeding, raising, and harvesting of marine species

    Can take place in the open ocean, in inland ponds, or in man-made tanks

    Primary products of marine aquaculture:

    -Oysters -Mussels-Clams -Salmn

    -Shrimp

    Types of shrimp FarmsOffshore

    Shrimp kept in indoor facilities that are closely monitored

    Pond water is recirculated through filters, which helps remove toxins

    Often considered most sustainable, though high in cost

    Inland

    Shrimp kept in cages underwater

    High concentration leads to large amounts of waste

    Higher risk of picking up diseases and bacteria

    Shrimp kept in shallow, inland ponds

    Excessive waste leads to eutrophication of the farms

    Waste water drains into soil and causes increased acidity and salt levels

    Closed-System

    https://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/aquaculture/what_is_aquaculture.html&sa=D&ust=1449864184404000&usg=AFQjCNGIRTWFoUkIpFpBVfTowUHnHn_B2ghttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/aquaculture/what_is_aquaculture.html&sa=D&ust=1449864184405000&usg=AFQjCNFnQKdRDu59vMAwmT9yrSUIedsKpghttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.worldwildlife.org/industries/farmed-shrimp&sa=D&ust=1449864184405000&usg=AFQjCNHbDx7-IwKGzPCO-t9zoEc6jY7vMAhttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.worldwildlife.org/industries/farmed-shrimp&sa=D&ust=1449864184406000&usg=AFQjCNFoVDvM5OnLNX25ezE1DlV76s8Mgghttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11436996&sa=D&ust=1449864184406000&usg=AFQjCNHCbMDFkOYznz1FUB4b6cXZNDXdYghttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11436996&sa=D&ust=1449864184406000&usg=AFQjCNHCbMDFkOYznz1FUB4b6cXZNDXdYghttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/big-impacts-little-shrimp&sa=D&ust=1449864184407000&usg=AFQjCNFCmIvz461IgFO0pl80TqG04gsSowhttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/big-impacts-little-shrimp&sa=D&ust=1449864184407000&usg=AFQjCNFCmIvz461IgFO0pl80TqG04gsSowhttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/big-impacts-little-shrimp&sa=D&ust=1449864184407000&usg=AFQjCNFCmIvz461IgFO0pl80TqG04gsSowhttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.agmrc.org/commodities__products/aquaculture/&sa=D&ust=1449864184408000&usg=AFQjCNE3XKTYwA8i534PpyvQnU-nBGDEyghttps://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.agmrc.org/commodities__products/aquaculture/&sa=D&ust=1449864184408000&usg=AFQjCNE3XKTYwA8i534PpyvQnU-nBGDEyg

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