american demography & immigration nascent immigration the slave trade south southwest old...

Download American Demography & Immigration Nascent Immigration The Slave Trade South Southwest Old Immigration New Immigration Newest Immigration Current Immigration

Post on 17-Dec-2015

216 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • American Demography & Immigration Nascent Immigration The Slave Trade South Southwest Old Immigration New Immigration Newest Immigration Current Immigration
  • Slide 3
  • Slide 4
  • Some Basic Concepts What is the nature of inter-group relations in multiethnic societies? How are the various ethnic groups ranked and what are consequences of that ranking system? How does the dominant group maintain its place and how do subordinate groups attempt to change that? What are the long-range outcomes of ethnic inter-relations? 4 Key Questions
  • Slide 5
  • Some Basic Concepts Unique cultural Traits Sense of Community Ethnocentrism Ascribed Membership Territoriality Ethnic Groups
  • Slide 6
  • Some Basic Concepts As a Biological Notion As a Social Construct In the Ideology of Racism Race
  • Slide 7
  • Ethnic Stratification Minority Groups Differential Treatment Social Definition Differential Power Categorical Nature Sociological and Numerical Meanings Dominant Groups Political, Economic, and Cultural Dominance Political, Economic, and Cultural Dominance Middleman Minorities
  • Slide 8
  • Ethnic Stratification Conquest Annexation Voluntary Immigration Involuntary Immigration Forms of Contact
  • Slide 9
  • Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice Stereotypes Social Distance Discrimination Individual Institutional Structural
  • Slide 10
  • Assimilation and Pluralism Manner of Entrance Time of Entrance Demographic Factors Cultural Similarity Visibility Factors Affecting Assimilation
  • Slide 11
  • Assimilation and Pluralism Cultural Assimilation Structural Assimilation Biological Assimilation Psychological Assimilation Assimilation
  • Slide 12
  • Assimilation and Pluralism Equalitarian Pluralism American Case Non-American Cases Inequalitarian Pluralism Competitive Race Relations Internal Colonialism Annihilation or Expulsion Types of Pluralism
  • Slide 13
  • Colonial Societies Corporate Pluralistic Societies Assimilationist Societies Typology of Multiethnic Societies See Figure 4.1 and Table 4.2
  • Slide 14
  • Slide 15
  • Historical Context Manner of Entry and Racial Status Development Mexican-Americans conquest/annexation voluntary immigration-economic push-pull Puerto Ricans voluntary immigration- - economic push-pull and relative political ease Cubans involuntary immigration-early political push voluntary immigration-economic push-pull
  • Slide 16
  • Demographics Today Population-young, rapidly growing, continuing migration and high birth rate Geography Mexican-Americans-Southwest and dispersed Puerto Ricans-New York + Cubans-Miami, Florida + Others-the same major metropolitan areas
  • Slide 17
  • Socioeconomic Status Income and Wealth Occupation Education Special Cuban Case- institutional completeness Outlook
  • Slide 18
  • Political Power Mexican-Americans increasingly influential Puerto Ricans limited extent Cubans dominant force Outlook
  • Slide 19
  • Slide 20
  • Demography Today Population-13% of America Diversity-involuntary and voluntary immigrants Geographical Patterns-urban Economic Status Occupation-5.2 unemployment vs 10.8 Education-89 vs 80 and 30 vs 17 Class or Race? Societal Power Political Power-mixed and very local Economic Power-less than political
  • Slide 21
  • Prejudice and Discrimination Formation of Ghettos-own preference or discrimination? Residential Segregation-dominative vs aversive? Changes in Racial Attitudes-surveys Stereotypes and Social Distance-racial liberalism Attitudes and Actions-ambivalence in action Contrasting Views of Socioeconomic Gap-own shortcomings or discrimination? of Problems and Solutions-mopping up or deeply rooted?
  • Slide 22
  • Assimilation or Pluralism Assimilation Cultural-reciprocal Structural-secondary only Assimilation Model-very slow, unstable family? Assimilation and Visibility Inequalitarian Pluralistic Model -internal colonial model
  • Slide 23
  • Slide 24
  • Immigration and Settlement First Wave Chinese Japanese Second Wave Koreans Filipinos Vietnamese Asian Indians Others Demographics Today
  • Slide 25
  • In the Class System Socioeconomic Status Income Occupation Education Ethnic and Class Factors in Upward Mobility Political Power
  • Slide 26
  • Prejudice and Discrimination The Yellow Peril Japanese Internment In the Modern Era vs other Minorities As Model Minority
  • Slide 27
  • Slide 28
  • Historical Context as immigrants as a conquered indigenous population displacement and depopulation American policy: economic-land cultural-assimilation political-control Indian policy: tribal survival (maintenance of relations and distinct cultural orders) political autonomy
  • Slide 29
  • Native American Demographics Population Growth Reservation Indians Urban Indians Socioeconomic Status Economic Education Health
  • Slide 30
  • Canada vs US
  • Slide 31
  • The Evolution of the English-French Schism The English Conquest Confederation The New French-Canadian Nationalism The Quiet Revolution The Rise of Parti Quebecois Sovereignty-Association Language French-Canadian Ethnic Identity
  • Slide 32
  • Canadas Third Force Visible Minorities Aboriginal Peoplesand
  • Slide 33
  • Stability and Change Melting Pot vs Mosaic Canadian Pluralism Multiculturalism Looking Beyond
  • Slide 34
  • Slide 35
  • Shifting Patterns of Immigration Uneven Development Political Conflict Changes in Western Europe
  • Slide 36
  • The Resurgence of Ethnic Nationalism Civic vs Ethnic Nationalism Breakup of Yugoslovia Corporate Pluralism under Tito Dissolution of Yugoslav Federation Contemporary Conflict Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia The End of Ethnic Harmony Kosovo and the Expansion of the Yugoslav Conflict Exploitation of Ethnicity
  • Slide 37
  • The Endurance of Ethnic Conflict Stimulants of Ethnic Conflict Inequalities in Power and Wealth Cultural Differences Physical Distinctions Status Inequality Containment of Ethnic Conflict