2009 alaska traffic urban fatal crashes 24 rural crashes 2,979 rural fatal 35 crashes with moose 575

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  • 2009 ALASKA TRAFFIC CRASHES

    June 2012

    ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC FACILTIES Division of Program Development Transportation Information Group

    3132 Channel Drive Juneau, Alaska 99801

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    Table of Contents Abstract .................................................................................................................................................... 4

    2009 Summary Statistics ........................................................................................................................... 6

    Preface ..................................................................................................................................................... 9

    Traffic Crash Terminology ........................................................................................................................ 10

    Trends in Alaska Traffic Crashes............................................................................................................... 12

    Crash Events ........................................................................................................................................... 16

    Factors Contributing to Alaska Traffic Crashes ......................................................................................... 21

    Impaired Driving ..................................................................................................................................... 23

    Safety Equipment and Occupant Ejection ................................................................................................ 33

    Temporal Distributions ........................................................................................................................... 38

    Crashes with Moose ................................................................................................................................ 47

    Geographic Distribution of Traffic Crashes ............................................................................................... 50

    Road Type and Location .......................................................................................................................... 56

    Roadway Attributes ................................................................................................................................ 60

    Crash Data Source ................................................................................................................................... 64

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    ABSTRACT

    Crashes In General Traffic crashes injured 5330 and killed 64 Alaskans during 2009. There were, on average, 35.3 crashes per day and 1.5 crashes per hour. One person died on Alaska highways every 5.7 days. There were 261 traffic crashes per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (per 100 million VMT) and 1.3 fatal crashes per 100 million VMT in 2009. 12,890 crash reports (10.9% more than the previous year) were processed by Department of Transportation staff for 2009. Of 12,890 reported traffic crashes, 70.2% involved only property damage (no person injuries). In 26.3% of crashes, the most serious injuries were non-incapacitating (minor). In 3.0% of crashes, the most serious injuries were coded as incapacitating (major). Fatalities were reported in 0.5% of all crashes. Police agencies filed reports for 78.3% of crashes in this publication. Drivers reported 21.7%. Impaired Driving Crashes and Speed Alcohol and/or drugs were involved in 6.8% of all crashes (877 impaired driving crashes) and impaired drivers were involved in 39.3% of fatal crashes (35 alcohol and/or drug related fatal crashes). Speed contributed to 13.7% of all crashes and 40.7% of fatal crashes. Over twenty percent (20.4%) of impaired driver crashes and 49% of impaired driver fatal crashes also involved unsafe or excessive speed. The impaired driver fatality rate (number of persons killed in alcohol and/or drug related crashes as a percent of total crash fatalities) was 62.5%. Occupant and Vehicle Involvement There were 34,552 persons involved in traffic crashes during 2009. Ninety-five percent (95%) were occupants of automobiles, trucks, or buses. There were 40 fatalities in automobiles, trucks, or buses (23 drivers and 17 passengers). Over seventy-nine percent (79.3%) of all auto, truck, or bus occupants in police reported crashes wore seatbelts or used child restraints. There were 206 motorcycle riders involved in traffic crashes in 2009. Seven motorcycle riders sustained fatal injuries (6 operators and 1 passenger). Over fifty-five percent (55.1%) of all motorcycle occupants in police reported crashes wore helmets for head protection. Snowmobile and all-terrain vehicles and occupants are coded without distinction as off- highway vehicles and off-highway vehicle occupants. There were 122 off-highway vehicle

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    occupants involved in traffic crashes in 2009. Five off-road vehicle occupants sustained fatal injuries (4 drivers and 1 passenger). There were 165 pedestrians and 178 bicyclists involved in crashes with motor vehicles in 2009. Ten pedestrians and two bicyclists died in traffic crashes. Statewide, 71.6% of traffic crashes involved multiple motor vehicles. Twenty-eight percent (28.3%) were single motor vehicle crashes, including single motor vehicle crashes with non- motorists. Thirteen percent (13%) of single vehicle and four percent (4.3%) of multiple vehicle crashes were alcohol and/or drug related. Location Three-quarters (76.8%) of all traffic crashes occurred on urban roadways. Fatal crashes were more equally distributed between urban and rural locations (59% rural, 41% urban). Close to half of all crashes (43.4%) occurred at intersections, and 11.9% of fatal crashes were intersection-related. Fifty-nine percent (59.3%) of all traffic crashes and 37.3% of all fatal crashes occurred within the boundaries of the Municipality of Anchorage (MOA). The percentage of crashes in the MOA that resulted in fatalities (0.288%) was lower than statewide. Seventy-five percent (74.8%) of all motor vehicle crashes with pedestrians, 83.5% of all motor vehicle crashes with bicyclists, and 24.2% of all motor vehicle crashes with moose occurred in the MOA. Fifty-four percent (53.6%) of all alcohol and/or drug related crashes and 59% of all speed- related crashes were reported there as well. Seventy-nine percent (79.4%) of statewide traffic crashes occurred in Alaska DOT’s Central Region, 15.3% were reported from areas within the Northern Region, and there were 5.3% accidents from locations within the Southeast Region. Data Collection The percentage of reported crashes that resulted in injuries or fatalities was unchanged from the previous year. Data collected between 2000 and 2009 suggests a stable trend in the severity of traffic crashes that are reported.

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    2009 SUMMARY STATISTICS

    CRASHES 2009

    TOTAL CRASHES 12,890

    FATAL CRASHES 59

    MAJOR INJURY CRASHES 384

    MINOR INJURY CRASHES 3,395

    PROPERTY DAMAGE ONLY (PDO) CRASHES 9,052

    SINGLE VEHICLE CRASHES 3,655

    MULTIPLE VEHICLE CRASHES 9,235

    CRASHES WITH DISABLING OR >$501 VEHICLE DAMAGE 10,941

    HIT & RUN TOTAL CRASHES 901

    HIT & RUN FATAL CRASHES 1

    HIT & RUN MAJOR INJURY CRASHES 15

    HIT & RUN MINOR INJURY CRASHES 183

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED CRASHES 871

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED FATAL CRASHES 35

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED MAJOR INJURY CRASHES 87

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED MINOR INJURY CRASHES 322

    POLICE REPORTED CRASHES 10,098

    DRIVER REPORTED CRASHES 2,792

    URBAN CRASHES 9,899

    URBAN FATAL CRASHES 24

    RURAL CRASHES 2,979

    RURAL FATAL 35

    CRASHES WITH MOOSE 575

    FATAL CRASHES WITH MOOSE 1

    ACCIDENT RATES

    CRASHES PER 100 MILLION VMT 261

    FATALITIES PER 100 MILLION VMT 1.3

    % OF ALL ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED CRASHES 6.75%

    % OF ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED FATAL CRASHES 59.32%

    VEHICLES 2009

    TOTAL VEHICLES IN CRASHES 23,394

    AUTOS, TRUCKS & BUSES

    TOTAL AUTO, TRUCK & BUS VEHICLES IN CRASHES 21,907

    AUTO/TRUCK/BUS VEHICLES IN CRASHES WITH >$501 DAMAGE 16,692

    AUTO/TRUCK/BUS VEHICLES IN CRASHES WITH DISABLING DAMAGE 5,712

    AUTO/TRUCK/BUS VEHICLES IN CRASHES WITH ALCOHOL &/OR DRUGS 1,281

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    VEHICLES (CONT) 2009

    MOTORCYCLES

    TOTAL MOTORCYCLES IN CRASHES 194

    MOTORCYCLES IN ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED CRASHES 15

    OFF-ROAD VEHICLES (ATV'S & SNOWMACHINES)

    TOTAL OFF-ROAD VEHICLES IN CRASHES 87

    OFF-ROAD VEHICLES IN ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED CRASHES 20

    BICYCLES

    TOTAL BICYCLES IN CRASHES 176

    BICYCLES IN ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED CRASHES 15

    OCCUPANTS TOTAL PERSONS 34,552

    FATALITIES 64

    MAJOR INJURIES 452

    MINOR INJURIES 4,878

    TOTAL PERSONS IN ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED CRASHES 2,055

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED FATALITIES 40

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED MAJOR INJURIES 115

    ALCOHOL &/OR DRUG RELATED MINOR INJURIES 496

    AUTO, TRUCK & BUS OCCUPANTS

    TOTAL AUTO/TRUCK/BUS

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