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  • 2006Adapting Education

    to the Information Age

    Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development

    Korea Education & Research Information Service

  • 2006Adapting Education

    to the Information Age

    Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development

    Korea Education & Research Information Service

  • Contents

    General Status ................................................................................................... 6

    Brief History ....................................................................................................... 7

    Statistics on Adapting ICT in Education .................................................... 8

    Globalization of e-Learning ......................................................................... 14

    OVERVIEW........................................................................................................ 17

    Chapter 1 ........................................................................................................... 23

    Adapting ICT in Elementary and Secondary Education

    Chapter 2 ........................................................................................................... 35

    Adapting ICT in Higher Education

    Chapter 3 ........................................................................................................... 39

    Adapting ICT in Lifelong Education

    Chapter 4 ............................................................................................................43

    Education Welfare & Information Culture

    Chapter 5 ............................................................................................................47

    Future Education & e-Learning

    Related Organizations ....................................................................................50

    2006Adapting Education to the Information Age

  • 6

    GGeenneerraallSSttaattuuss

    General status : 2005

    Note) 1. 96% of schools are networked with 2Mbps (2004, 12) / *45% with 10Mbps

    2. 1PC / 5.5 students

    3. 1PC / 1 teacher

    Description Elem. & Secondary Education Higher Education Cyber Univ.

    No. of Schools

    Teachers Faculties

    Students

    10,676

    380,389

    7,796,401

    17

    387

    54,404

    342

    62,025

    2,737,869

    Implementation Structure

    Basic Statistics on Education

    Ministry of Education and Human Resources DevelopmentMaster plan and budget

    MOE&

    HRD

    16 Metropolitan and Provincial Offices of EducationStrategic plan, implementation and budget allocation

    MPOEs

    Action planImplementation

    180 LocalOffices ofEducation

    KERIS

  • 72006Adapting Education to the Information Age

    BBrriieeffHHiissttoorryy

    The Beginning Stage (1970~1985, 15 years)

    In order to prepare the nation for an information technology-based society,vocational high schools started to offer a special course on how to useelectronic data processing systems (EDPS) and incorporate TV and radiobroadcasting systems and audio-visual materials in their curricula toimprove the quality of education.

    The Rolling-Out Stage (1986~1995, 10 years)

    As the national IT infrastructure was being constructed and individual PCsbecame popular, computer education was included as a part of the basiccurriculum, and computers became important tools to strengthen thequality of education.

    The Evolving Stage (1996~2000, 5 years)

    Legal and institutional regulations were adjusted and basic infrastructureand information services for the informatization of education wereconstructed. As a result, the institutional, physical, and human resourcesnecessary for educational reform were built.

    The Expansion Stage (2001~ )

    The development of an information communication technologyinfrastructure contributed to the encouragement of learner-centerededucation and to the qualitative enhancement of academic research. It alsocontributed to the increase in the use of ICT in various areas and to theremarkable improvement in the level of information utilization.

  • SSttaattiissttiiccss oonn AAddaappttiinnggIICCTT iinn EEdduuccaattiioonn

    8

    Composite Adapting ICT in Education Index, 2004~2006

    ElementarySchools

    110

    100

    90

    96.89

    97.70

    98.56

    99.40100.00 100.00

    (unit : score)

    SecondarySchools

    2004 2005 2006

    Composite Adapting ICT in Education Index by Region, 2004~2006

    2004

    95.4896.32

    99.12

    94.75

    96.55

    98.4498.66

    98.44

    101.5

    95.85

    97.6298.47

    96.31

    98.45 98.89

    100.48101.77

    102.37

    (unit : score)

    2005 2006 2004 2005 2006

    Big Cities Small & Medium Cities Town Big Cities Small & Medium Cities Town

    Elementary Schools Secondary Schools

  • 92006Adapting Education to the Information Age

    2006AAddaappttiinngg EEdduuccaattiioonn ttoo tthhee IInnffoorrmmaattiioonn AAggee

    Composite Adapting ICT in Education Index by Type of School, 2004~2006

    2004

    96.91

    98.58100.02

    95.99

    99.76 99.3298.26

    100.23 100.6

    96.2497.33

    98.56

    (unit : score)

    2005 2006 2004 2005 2006

    PrivateNational/Public PrivateNational/Public

    Elementary Schools Secondary Schools

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    Number of Elementary Students per PC, 1991~2006

    1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006(Year)

    60

    50

    40

    30

    20

    10

    0

    (No. of students)

  • SSttaattiissttiiccss oonn AAddaappttiinnggIICCTT iinn EEdduuccaattiioonn

    10

    Number of Middle School Students per PC, 1991~2006

    (Year)

    70

    60

    50

    40

    30

    20

    10

    0

    (No. of students)

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    Number of High School Students per PC, 1991~2006

    (Year)

    120

    100

    80

    60

    40

    20

    0

    (No. of students)

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

    1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

  • 2006AAddaappttiinngg EEdduuccaattiioonn ttoo tthhee IInnffoorrmmaattiioonn AAggee

    112006Adapting Education to the Information Age

    Number of Technical High School Students per PC, 1991~2006

    (Year)

    30

    25

    20

    15

    10

    5

    0

    (No. of students)

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    Number of Students per PC by Metropolitan/Provincial Offices of Education: Elementary Schools, 2006

    All Seoul Busan Daegu Incheon Gwang-ju

    Dae-jeon

    Ulsan Gyeong-gi

    Gang-won

    Chung-buk

    Chung-nam

    Jeon-buk

    Jeon-nam

    Gyeong-buk

    Gyeong-nam

    Jeju

    10.0

    9.0

    8.0

    7.0

    6.0

    5.0

    4.0

    3.0

    2.0

    1.0

    0.0

    6.8

    9.3

    7.4

    5.6

    7.5 7.5 7.5 7.8 7.5

    4.8 4.95.2

    4.9

    6.1

    4.4

    7.4

    5.9

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

  • SSttaattiissttiiccss oonn AAddaappttiinnggIICCTT iinn EEdduuccaattiioonn

    12

    Number of Students per PC by Metropolitan/Provincial Offices of Education: Middle Schools, 2006

    9.0

    8.0

    7.0

    6.0

    5.0

    4.0

    3.0

    2.0

    1.0

    0.0

    6.1

    6.9 6.8

    5.1

    7.5

    6.5

    7.5 7.6 7.8

    4.34.6

    4.84.4 4.4

    4.0

    5.9 5.9

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    All Seoul Busan Daegu Incheon Gwang-ju

    Dae-jeon

    Ulsan Gyeong-gi

    Gang-won

    Chung-buk

    Chung-nam

    Jeon-buk

    Jeon-nam

    Gyeong-buk

    Gyeong-nam

    Jeju

    Number of Students per PC by Metropolitan/Provincial Offices of Education: High Schools, 2006

    8.0

    7.0

    6.0

    5.0

    4.0

    3.0

    2.0

    1.0

    0.0

    5.6

    6.3 6.1

    4.6

    6.1

    5.4

    6.56.1

    6.9

    3.8

    4.74.4

    4.7 4.7

    3.8

    5.4 5.5

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    All Seoul Busan Daegu Incheon Gwang-ju

    Dae-jeon

    Ulsan Gyeong-gi

    Gang-won

    Chung-buk

    Chung-nam

    Jeon-buk

    Jeon-nam

    Gyeong-buk

    Gyeong-nam

    Jeju

  • 2006AAddaappttiinngg EEdduuccaattiioonn ttoo tthhee IInnffoorrmmaattiioonn AAggee

    132006Adapting Education to the Information Age

    Number of Students per PC by Metropolitan/Provincial Offices of Education: Technical High Schools, 2006

    3.0

    2.5

    2.0

    1.5

    1.0

    0.5

    0.0

    2.1

    1.81.9 2.0

    2.22.3

    2.0 2.0

    2.7

    1.92.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

    1.7

    2.2 2.2

    Source : Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development, Korean Educational Development Institute, 2006

    All Seoul Busan Daegu Incheon Gwang-ju

    Dae-jeon

    Ulsan Gyeong-

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