10 easy ways to engage students

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10 Easy Ways to Engage Students. Engaging Students. What the main barrier to using more engaging techniques than lecture? What assumptions underlie that barrier? What is the best alternative to that assumption?. Engaging Students. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Scholarship Workshop

10 Easy Ways to Engage Students1Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Engaging Students

What the main barrier to using more engaging techniques than lecture?

What assumptions underlie that barrier?

What is the best alternative to that assumption?

2Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Engaging Students

Assumptions:Teaching = TellingListening = Learning

Alternate assumption:Doing = Learning

3Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Engaging Students

4The odds are against us becoming the most engaging teacher with a straight lecture

20 years of research

Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______

(Bligh, D. A. [2000]. Whats the use of lectures? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.) Your Hearts Reaction to LecturesEngaging Students

5Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______

Engaging Students

Medical Students Retention from Lectures(Stuart, J. & Rutherford, R.J. (1978.) Medical student concentration during medical lectures. Lancet 2: 514-516. )

7Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Banker-Teacher ModelHow much do teachers talk?85% of class timeWhen teachers are challengedEngaging Students

Fischer & Grant, 1983; Lewis, 1982; Nunn, 1996; Smith, 1983

8Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______The fable of the pitcher and the glassEngaging Students

9But, you say, I have to cover the material.

In a land before time, in a school not far from this one, there was a pitcher of information that was trying to teach a glass.

Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Whats the moral of the story for learning?Engaging Students

10Naturally, the pitcher wanted to share as much of its wisdom as possiblePlease put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Its not whats poured from the pitcher, but what lands in the glass.What is learning?Engaging Students

11Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______A 6,000 student study of teaching physics via passive lecture v. active learning

Engaging Students

12Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Engaging Students

Hake 1998TraditionalInteractiveLearning Gain13In this 6,000 student study, Hake (1998) found that the students of those who taught with interactive approaches made twice the average gain in learning, which was more by two standard deviations.

Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Sometimes8.Use the pause procedure.9.Assign one-minute papers.10.Try Think-Pair-Share.Always1.Maintain sustained eye contact.2.Ask before you tell.3.Create a structure for note-taking.4.Let your readings share the lectern.Never Fail to Hold Students Accountable Daily5.Quiz daily. 6.Use clickers.7.Call on a student every 2-3minutes.

10 Ways to Engage StudentsEasy14Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______AlwaysMaintain sustained eye contact.Ask before you tell.Create a structure for note-taking.Let your readings share the lectern.

15Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______1.Maintain sustained eye contact

Maintain sustained rather than fleeting eye contact.Maintain eye contact throughout a whole sentence. Dont flit around.16Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Eye contact=electric current (keeps audience plugged in).Dont disconnect for more than ten seconds.1.Maintain sustained eye contact

Hoff, 155

17Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Eye contact can do more to improve your delivery than any other single improvement.

1.Maintain sustained eye contact

Hoff, 11711818Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Lets try itWork in groups of threeWhen you are the speaker: Talk about your own experience with trying to engage students.Experiment with good principles of eye contact.Maintain eye contact skillfully

19Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______2.Ask before you tell

Let students reason things outor even guessbefore you tell them. Ask them first.Focuses student attention on the subject and raises interest in it.Helps students learn by connecting what they are learning to what they already know.20Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______2.Ask before you tell

Lets try it:Is it better for student learning to have:Students take their own notes.Professors pass out complete notes.Professors pass out incomplete notes.21Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______3.Create a structure for note-taking

(a+b) = a + 2ab + b222SameDifferent???22What could be included in incomplete notes?Organizational frameworkPlotted graphs, but leave labeling the axis to the studentDiagrams, but leave the labeling to the studentPartially completed calculationsUnanswered questionsPlease put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Readings have advantages over lectureLess passiveEasier to stop and reviewExtend time on taskMany students dont readMany readings are too difficultHow can readings better serve learning?4.Let your readings share the lectern

23Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Readings should be carefully chosen for your studentsLevel of detailReading levelMomentumType up lecture notes?

4.Let your readings share the lectern

24Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Early in Taras career. . .What do you look for in your readings?How closely does it mirror what your students want?Have you asked your students to help you select readings?4.Let your readings share the lectern

25Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Even with better readingsStudents require a reason to readFocusStudy questionsAccountability (as discussed later)

Let your fingers do the walkingLet your readings do the talking4.Let your readings share the lectern

26Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______to Hold Students Accountable DailyNever fail

27Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Lecture courses punctuated by three tests have aProblem:Frequency of studying is related to frequency of testing and both are related to time on task.to Hold Students Accountable DailyNever fail

28Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Never fail

to Hold Students Accountable DailyMenges, 1988Doubles learning2X

29Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______5.Quiz daily. 6.Use clickers.7.Call on a student every 2-3 minutes.Never fail

to Hold Students Accountable Daily30Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______5.Quiz daily

QuizOne ?Problem/ Short answerChanges tone of class31A quiz can be:Just one question at the end of class or the beginning (or both with clickers.)A problem or a short answer or multiple choice questionChanges the tone of classPlease put the time on your wristwatch in every _______6.Use clickers

32Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Colored cardsAnonymousSimultaneous 6.Use clickers or colored cards

ATBFCD33Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Deck of CardsCall on 20 students per fifty minute periodCall on 2-3 students per questionFrequently shuffle the cardsModern LanguagesA storyStudent NameMajor?Pic?7.Call on a student every 23 minutes

34Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______8.Use the pause procedure.9.Assign one-minute papers.10.Try Think-Pair-Share.Sometimes

35Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Pause for 2 minutes, three times in a 50-minute periodAllow students to work in pairs to rework notes with no interaction with teacherControl and experimental groups were given the same five lectures, with experimentals doing better on tests by up to 17 percent8.Use the pause procedure

Ruhl, Hughes & Schloss, 1987, Teacher Education and Special Education, 10(1): 1418

36Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Asks students to write for one minute on questions such as:What was the most important thing you learned during this class?What important question remains unanswered?What was the muddiest point?Usually done at the end of the hour.9.Assign one-minute papers

37How many of you use one-minute papers?Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Next class period (or immediately afterwards), close the feedback loop:Respond to the papers Tell how your lecture was changed as a result9.Assign one-minute papers

38Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Ask a question or make a statementTHINK:Students think (or write)PAIR:Discuss in pairsSHARE:Discuss with teacher

10.Use Think-Pair-Share

39How many of you use Think-Pair-Share?Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Lets try it: Whats one thing you could do differently to better engage students in class?THINK:Students think (or write)PAIR:Discuss in pairsSHARE:Discuss with teacher

10.Use Think-Pair-Share40How many of you use Think-Pair-Share?Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______Build it and They Will Come: What Worked at NMSUs Teaching Academy 4-5 today, Procrastinator Theatre9-10:30 tomorrow, SUB 235

Publish & Flourish: Become a Prolific Scholar1:30-2:30 tomorrow, SUB 235

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10 Easy Ways to Engage Students

42Please put the time on your wristwatch in every _______