[ Course Name] © 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEM  Center for Teaching and Learning™ [Name of Course Guide] [Resource.

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Who does Research & Development?Each entity has its own processPrivate CompaniesPublic CompaniesGovernmentUniversities

R& D TeamsEngineersProduct DesignersResearchersScientistsCreative and technical knowledge

2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

Menu4Why do companies do Research & Development?Companies use R&D to increase profit margins.Completely new productImprove on a current or previous product

IMPROVED!

2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

MenuHow do companies do Research & Development?Each entity has its own processTechnology/Product need is identifiedmarket researchresearch on manufacturingbrainstormPrototype testing and developmentOptimizationProduct documentation developedManufacturing and Marketing considerationsFull-scale productionRelease product

2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

MenuDepending on what company you work for, they will have specific steps their company follows for R&D. These steps are general guidelines for R&D process.6

What is Research & Development?Inventions and innovations are the results of specific, goal-oriented research. Because the development of technologies these days is driven by the profit motive and the market, many companies have a Research and Development (R&D) department, whose responsibility is to work with innovations. Companies located in the United States that have research and development activitiesboth U.S.-owned businesses and U.S. affiliates of foreign parentsreported worldwide sales of $11 trillion in calendar year 2008 and worldwide R&D expenses of $330 billion

Companies located in the United States that have research and development activitiesboth U.S.-owned businesses and U.S. affiliates of foreign parentsreported worldwide sales of $11 trillion in calendar year 2008 and worldwide R&D expenses of $330 billion.

2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

MenuWe already know that the companys goals and current fads play a role in product design. Companies spend millions of dollars every year on research and development (R&D) to assist them in the design and marketing of their products.Statistic taken from: http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf10322/3Qualitative vs. Quantitative

MenuInvention of the Car

Car Accidents BeganUnanticipated EffectMenuTechnology Trade OffsAutomobiles- Get us many places that we never could get before, but the emissions are polluting the air we breathe.

MenuTechnological EvolutionModifying a product as knowledge and skills increase to adapt it to the next generation.

MenuPatentis a limited duration property right relating to an invention, granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in exchange for public disclosure of the invention.

Trademarkis a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs.

Copyrightprotects works of authorship, such as writings, music, and works of art.

MenuReferencesText Needed 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning [Name of Course Guide]

International Technology Education AssocSlide #1212/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign

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