# you can not force me to do it! what is force? it takes a force to move something

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Slide 2 You Can Not FORCE Me to Do It! Slide 3 What Is Force? Slide 4 It takes a force to move something. Slide 5 A force is a push or a pull... that causes an object to move, stop, or change direction. Slide 6 When you push an object, it moves away from you. Slide 7 PUSH A push is a force that causes something to move opposite of the force. Examples: Push a door open Pushing a swing Slide 8 When you pull an object, it moves toward or with you. Slide 9 PULL A pull is a force that causes something to move towards the force. Examples: Pull a door open Pulling a rope Pulling a wagon Slide 10 Is this a push or a pull? Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 What is the pulling force called? Slide 18 Three major types of forces in the world. GravityFriction Magnetism Slide 19 MAGNETISM Magnetism is the force of repelling (pushing) or attraction (pulling) between two poles of a magnet. Slide 20 Magnets are attracted to only certain types of metals. They are not attracted to: glass the metal tin (tin foil) the metal nickel the metal copper plastic water wood Slide 21 All magnets have two poles: a north pole and a south pole. Opposite poles attract (pull towards) to each other. Like poles repel (push away) each other. SS SSN NN N Slide 22 What force is represented in the above picture? A. A pushing force B. A pulling force C. A magnetic force D. Both A and C Slide 23 Each pole of a magnet has its own magnetic field around that pole. S N All items in the magnetic field move towards the magnet if they are made out of the right type of metal, as they are attracted to the magnet. Slide 24 GRAVITY Gravity is the force that pulls all objects in the universe towards each others center. Earths gravity constantly pulls all things on earth towards earths center. This is why when you drop something, it always falls down and does not float up. Slide 25 Gravity is everywhere, including in space. The earth and moons gravity pull on each other and that is why the moon orbits the earth. (balanced forces) Slide 26 Gravity The mass of an object determines how much gravity that object has. For example: The moon and Earth are pulling on each other. The Earth is bigger than the moon so its gravitational pull is stronger. That is why the moon orbits the Earth. What would happen if the moon was bigger than the Earth? Slide 27 Why do the planets orbit (go around) the sun? Slide 28 Gravity of planets and the sun keep the planets in order. (balanced forces) Slide 29 Without gravity, the planets would move out of their orbits and crash into each other. Slide 30 The gravity from the moon also causes the tides on earth. Slide 31 Friction Friction is a force that is created when two surfaces rub against each other. Rough surfaces produce more friction than smooth ones. Smooth Rough Slide 32 Friction... a force that acts against something when two surfaces rub against each other. Slide 33 Examples of Friction: A baseball player sliding into home on the rough dirt surface has a LOT of friction and can stop. A sled on a smooth ice surface will keep sliding and is hard to stop because it has only a little friction. Slide 34 This is also why roads and tires are not smooth. Yes, roads are flat, but not smooth. Slide 35 What causes the leaves to fall to the ground during the autumn season? A.Magnetism B.Pushing force C.Gravity D.erosion Slide 36 An object moves because a ____________ has been applied to it. A.Force B.Friction C.Magnetism D.Gravity Slide 37 Which of the following is an example of a force that is different from gravity? A. an apple dropping to the floor B. a boy slamming a door C. a leaf falling to the ground D. water dripping from a faucet Slide 38 Forces in My Everyday Life! Pulling ForcesPushing Forces

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