word formation analysis - crocs

Download Word Formation Analysis - Crocs

Post on 22-Oct-2014

122 views

Category:

Documents

6 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

When Crocs Rule(Crocs - Clipped form of Crocodile)

- by National Geographic Magazine

Part 1Meaning Relations-by Anson Lou

Pedigree (Family Tree)Archosaur 1(Archo (R) + saur(DS) (meaning) Ruling + Reptiles)

Avemetatarsalia 2(meaning "bird metatarsals)

Crocodile (R) + ian (DS) + s(IS) Crocodilians (Crocs like)

Crocodilians

pterosaurs

Dinosaurs

alligator

crocodile

caiman

gharial

3Ankylosaurus Spinosaurus StyracosaurusReptiles

Simosuchus

Desmatosuchus

Protosuchus

Sarcosuchus

- saurs (Anglicized forms of Latin taxonomic names) - saurus (Latinized variant of -saur )

- suchus ([SEW-ks] ) (suffix??)

Pedigree (Family Tree)2

Avemetatarsalia(meaning "bird metatarsals)

Crocodilians

pterosaurs

alligator

caiman

crocodile

gharial

Dinosaurs

Evolution of CrocodilesAncestors (the actual or hypothetical form from which an organism has developed or descended) Erpetosuchus Doswellia

Antonym

Deinosuchus Protosuchus

Descendants

Crocodiles DietHypernym HerbivoreHerb (R) + I DS) + vore (DS) one that eats plant

Hypernym CarnivoreCarn (R) + I (DS) + vore (DS) one that eats flesh

Simosuchus

Desmatosuchus

Protosuchus Sarcosuchus Stomatosuchus

Hyponym

Crocodiles Habitat (Syn. Residence)Hypernym

Habitat

Freshwater

Swamps

Marshes

Hyponym

Part 2 Semantic & Lexicological Analysisby June Hui

Meaning RelationsConnotationCrocodile management isnt a rocket science (hard / difficult) Crocodile ancestors radiated (developed) into a wide array of terrestrial forms. Having endured millions of years of planetary climate change, tectonic-plate musical chairs (rearrangement) and other ecological vicissitudes

-

-

Meaning RelationsAntonyms

Contradictory antonymspredators (prey) descendants (ancestor) freshwater (saltwater) cold-blooded (warm-blooded) short-legged (long-legged)

Word formation analysisComplex word (1)Relocation (Re (DP) + locate (R) + tion (DS) noun complex) Allegedly (Allege (R) + ed (IS) + ly (DS) adverb complex) Threatened (Threat (R) + en (DS) + ed (IS) adjective / verb complex)

-

-

Word formation analysisComplex word (2)-

Endangered (En (DP) + danger (R) + ed (DS) adjective complex) Neighborhood (Neighbour(R) + hood(n., DS)adjective complex) Subtropical (Sub (DP) + tropic (R) + al (DS) adjective complex)

-

-

-

Ecological (Ecology (R) + ical (DS) adjective complex)

Word formation analysisCompound wordUpscale (Up (adj) +scale (n) adjective compound)

-

Fearsome (Fear (adj) + some (DS) complex word/ adjectivecompound )

?

-

latter-day (latter (adj) + day (n) adjective hyphenated compound, endocentric in meaning)

Word formation analysisCompound-complex wordSnaggletoothed (snaggle (adj) + tooth (n) + ed (DS) adjective compound-complex) tectonic-plate (tecton (n) + ic (DS) + plate (n) hyphenated noun compound-complex) yacht-lined (yatch (n) + line (n) + ed (DS) hyphenated adjective compound-complex)

-

-

Word formation analysisEndocentric

-

-

Saltwater (salt (n) + water (n) endocentric noun compound, means seawater ) Freshwater (fresh (n/adj) + water (n) endocentric noun compound, means drinking water)

Word formation analysisConversion

- They face (n v) a new challenge to their survival - Many were killed by poachers for their hides (v n) - stuffed (n v) for museum displays

Word formation analysisAbbreviations

Many croc species survived the massive K-T (Cretaceous-Tertiary) extinction 65 million years ago.

Conclusions

Thank you very much!!