Widening the European Research Area (ERA) to the neighbouring countries of the EU

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5th DRC Summer School on Regional Cooperation Changing Dynamics of the Danubian Region New Neighbourhood Policy of the European Union 29 June 6 July 2008, Krems, Austria. Widening the European Research Area (ERA) to the neighbouring countries of the EU. Prof. Manfred Horvat, Austria - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Widening the European Research Area (ERA) to the neighbouring countries of the EUProf. Manfred Horvat, Austria Vienna University of Technology and Senior Advisor, International R&D Cooperation,Federal Ministry of Science and Research (BMWF)5th DRC Summer School on Regional CooperationChanging Dynamics of the Danubian Region New Neighbourhood Policy of the European Union29 June 6 July 2008, Krems, AustriaPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaOutlineThe European Research Area (ERA)2000: towards creating an internal EU market of research2007: The ERA Green Paper a new impetusThe EU RTD Framework Programmes (FPs)FP6: Creating the European Research AreaFP7: Lisbon: Knowledge and GrowthWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EURTD cooperation as facilitator and avant-garde of changeComplementarities of European Neighbourhood Policy and the EU RTD Framework Programme SummaryPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThe European Research Area (ERA) 1Main objectivesImproving overall conditions for research in EuropeBetter integrating and structuring European researchCombination of different concepts:Creating an internal market of research: free movement of knowledge, researchers and technologiesIntegrating research capacities ensuring critical massRestructuring the European research fabric: better coordination of national research policies and programmesEuropean research policy addressing the funding of research activities and also considering other policies Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThe European Research Area (ERA) 2COM(2000) 6, 18 January 2000Creating an internal EU research market by e.g.Increasing public and private investment in RTDResearcher careers: mobility and career developmentDeveloping EU strategies for large research infrastructuresNetworking of centres of excellence => virtual centresMore coordinated national and EU research programmesCloser relations between European programmes, initiatives and action (FP, EUREKA, COST, ESF, ESA, CERN,)Strengthening science-industry cooperationPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThe European Research Area (ERA) 3ERA Green Paper (April 2007) and follow up:A new momentum for ERARealising a single labour market for researchersDeveloping world-class research infrastructuresStrengthening research institutionsSharing knowledgeOptimising research programmes and prioritiesOpening to the world: international S&T cooperationSee: http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/index_en.htmlPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThe EU RTD Framework Programmes (FPs) 1EU financial instrument supporting RTD policiesIt is all about transborder cooperation FP6 2002-2006: Creating ERA an internal market of researchTowards integration, structuring and excellenceFP7 2007-2013: An ERA of knowledge and growthStrengthening RTD Cooperation, fostering basic research, nurturing human resources, underpinning RTD capacitiesPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThe EU RTD Framework Programmes (FPs) 2FP6 2002-2006: Creating ERA - 17,883 bn EURFocusing and integrating Community research7 themescross-cutting issues (NEST, SMEs, international cooperation)Structuring the European Research AreaInnovation, human resources, infrastructures, science & society Strengthening the foundations of the European Research AreaCoordination of national RTD activities (ERA-NETCoherent development of policiesNew instrumentsIntegrated Projects and Networks of ExcellencePrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThe EU RTD Framework Programmes (FPs) 3FP7 2007-2013: An ERA of knowledge and growth 50,521 bn EURCooperation (10 Themes)Collaborative research, ERA-NET, Joint Technology Initiatives, international RTD cooperationIdeasFrontier research of individual researchers (starting, advanced)PeopleMobility and training of researchers, also international dimensionCapacitiesInfrastructures, RTD for and of SMEs, Research Potential and Regions of Knowledge, Support for International CooperationPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 1Complementary role of different Community instrumentsEU RTD Framework Programmesavant-garde role for integration and enlargementCOST, INTAS, IPA, PHARE, TACIS, TEMPUS European Neighbourhood Policy since 2004Strengthening prosperity, stability and securityImprove cooperation with countries along EUs bordersEuropean Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)Cross-border Cooperation Programmes (CBC)Participation in certain Community programmes Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 2Experiences of New Member StatesRTD cooperation acted as apolitical avant-garde for developing closer relations, association and integrationCapacity building through FP and PHARE fundingParticipating in FPs had positive impact on development of national RTD systems increasing role of Structural FundsExperiences of Western Balkan CountriesFP5 accompanying measures for capacity buildingPositive effects of participating in FP6 incl. ERA-NETDeficits in improvement of research infrastructure IPA?Problems of researcher mobility Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 3International cooperation in FP6Thematic priorities open for international cooperation Specific measures for international cooperationFP6 participation of Danube region countriesBaden-Wrttemberg ~2.180- Croatia 154Bavaria ~2.300- Serbia & M. 135Austria 1.942- Romania 605Slovakia 439- Bulgaria 460Hungary 1.185- Moldova 17- Ukraine 107Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 3aPutting FP6 participation numbers in context:Overall participation in FP6 Total:74.46016,678 bn EURMember states65.36915,268 bn EURAssociated countries 4.190 0,955 bn EURThird countries 3.948 0,324 bn EURPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 4European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and RTDIntegration in ERA as contribution to wider political aspirationsCOM(2003) 104 final: As set out in FP6, the EU should take forward the opening of the European Research Area (ERA) to integrate the scientific communities of the neighbouring countries, exploit scientific results, stimulate innovation and develop human resources and research capacities. 2004 ENP Strategy Paper: In order to increase the participation of these countries in the Communitys RTD activities and to improve their national research systems contribution to economic growth and social welfare, structural and institutional capacity building activities need to be supported. These activities will be identified and implemented through the Actions Plans. Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 5Implementing and promoting the ENP (2005)Research and innovation: Develop an ambitious S&T cooperation aimed an sustainable and equitable economic development through participation of the partner countries research entities in the ERA as well as FP activities. Integrate former weapons of mass destruction scientists into the international science communities and support the civilian application of their scientific knowledge.Strengthening the ENP (2006)There is also a need to better integrate ENP partners in the European Research Area. The launch of FP6 (2007-2013) places a new emphasis on international research cooperation and should lead to an increase in ENP partner participation... Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 6Council of the European Union, 18 June 2007Integrating Europes neighbours into the ERAMemoranda of Understanding between EC and partnerCooperation based on priorities relevant association prospects to FP, socio-economic and sustainable development, modernisation objectives, and political stabilityENP countries and Russia: potential of association to FP7 and integration into ERA Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 7Example: role of S&T in EU relations with UkraineEU/Action plan (2004): based on political dialogue, also in the frame of the EU-UA Science and Technology AgreementPrepare UAs integration into ERADevelop UAs R&D capabilities in the service of the economy and the societyPromote UAs integration in high-level scientific exchangesProgress report Ukraine (2008): UA is revamping its research and innovation policy with more direct relevance for sustainable and equitable economic development objectivesNeed for more investment in research and reform R&D sectorDifficulties to utilise new opportunities in FP7Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 7aUkraine Country Strategic Paper 2007-2013:Support for S&T cooperation will also be important with a view to contributing to sustainable and equitable economic development of Ukraine including through fuller participation in research-related activities such as the 7th Framework Programme, joint research projects, the Marie Curie international mobility scheme for scientists and practical training at the seven institutes of the Joint Research Centre (JRC)Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 8FP7, international S&T cooperation and the EUs neighbouring countries towards a strategy International cooperation in FP7 as integrated activity under Cooperation:General opening (3+1)Targeted opening (3+1) - topics in Work Programmes identified as particularly well suited for international cooperation with a specific country or groups of countriesSICA Specific International Cooperation Actions (2+2) aiming at reinforcing research capacities in neighbouring countriesCoordinated Calls FP calls coordinated with calls of funding organisation in third countryInternational ERA-NETs: SEE.ERA-NETPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 8aInternational cooperation in FP7 (continued):Ideas:attracting excellent researchers from third countries; grants for Starting independent researchers, Advanced researchers People:International fellowships incoming and outgoingInternational Research Staff Exchange Scheme (IRSES) for countries with S&T Agreement with EU (e.g. Ukraine, Russia)Capacities: INCO-NETs supporting bi-regional dialogues: e.g. Eastern Europe and Central Asian Countries IncoNet EECABI-LATs target countries with S&A Agreements with EU: e.g. BILAT-UKR for Ukraine Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaWidening ERA to the neighbours of the EU 9Perspective full partners in ERA:27 EU member states11 Associated countriesBosnia-HerzegovinaEU-Ukraine negotiations on full association to FP7EU-Russia discussions on full association to FP7 Prsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaSummary and outlookStrengthening S&T dialogue, coordination and cooperation between EU and its neighboursResearch and technology cooperation will form the avant-garde for closer relations beyond RTD International exchange of best practice and mutual learning will lead to a more efficient and effective European Research AreaCooperation will create mutual benefits for all partner countries involved in an extended ERAThe instruments are there, they have to be usedPrsentationstitel der FFGManfred Horvat2008 DRC Summer School1 July 2008, Krems, AustriaThank you for your attention!Prof. Manfred HorvatVienna University of Technology, AustriaSenior Advisor for International RTD Cooperation (BMWF)Tel+43 664 4543 165eMail: manfred.horvat@gmx.net, manfred.horvat@tuwien.ac.at Prsentationstitel der FFG

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