why grow safflower - 2011
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Dreamland Industries was formed for the sole purpose of helping create rural prosperity in the farming and ranching communities of America and the world. Our mission is to develop and bring to market innovative crops and techniques to rural communities.
Dreamland IndustriesCreating Rural Prosperity
Creating Rural Prosperity
Dreamland Industries was formed for the purpose of helping create rural prosperity in the farming and ranching communities of America and the world. Our mission is to develop and bring to market innovative crops and techniques to rural communities.
Dreamland HistoryDreamland was started in the summer of 08 and has completed the second harvest and crush of safflower from the rolling, south, and high plains. Dreamland is owned by a limited partnership out of Abilene, TX.
Why Were Here TodayLooking to contract acreage for 2011Introduce and re-introduce SafflowerIntroduce and re-introduce Dreamland as not a perfect company but an honest one.Share an opportunity that we believe will have a long-term positive impact on the farming operations in this region.
Why You Are HereLooking for a viable rotation crop to add to your operation.Want to learn more about Dreamland and SafflowerWant to find another way to add value and cash flow to your operation.Looking for a free lunch!
History of SafflowerIts an Old World crop
Seeds found in Egyptian tombs over 4000 years old
Grown commercially in California, Montana, and the Dakotas since 1949
Currently produced in N.D., S.D., Idaho, Utah, Montana, Colorado, California and now (because of growers like you) Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and New Mexico.
Crop SustainabilityCrop SUSTAINABILITY is the key to being able to offer consistently profitable prices to our growers. The proven ability to produce this crop is established in a broad region now and well on the way to being an insurable crop in many counties in the region.
SAFFLOWERPRODUCTION COUNTIES IN 2009/2010
Types of SafflowerSpring Safflower Is primarily what Dreamland is contracting.Oleic The type we are contracting for oil productionLinoleic Grown for bird seed and wildlife feed.
Dreamland Safflower 09Safflower was grown in 2009 with planting dates ranging from March 15 to June 30. Due to distance between acreage many different cultural issues were faced.The worst drought in 60 yrs in parts of the south (No rain from September 07 thru March 08)Extreme rainfall in 2009 in mid to late summer in other areasYields ranged from failure to over 2,400 lbs per acre in the first two years of production
Dreamland Safflower 10Safflower was grown in 2010 with planting dates ranging from January 15 to June 1. Earlier plant dates are critical to maximum yields.Maximizes early moistureEarly freezes did not affect yields2010 average yields are overall much better than 20092009/2010 Yields ranged from failure to over 2,400 lbs per acre
Why SafflowerProduces a high quality vegetable oil (both oleic and linoleic)Has a 5 to 15 taproot to reach water/nutrients and aid in soil conditioningSoil conditioning has proven very valuable for our 2009 growers.Uses conventional planting and harvesting equipment
Why Safflower?Relatively short growing period 120 to 150 daysWithstands many climate and weather issuesHailDrought (If initial moisture is available)WindMinimal herbicides neededVery pest resistantVery resistant to animal pressureTends to tolerate salty soils better than most crops
Why Safflower?Adds a new crop season CASHFLOW at needed times (July & August)!!Uses conventional equipmentBeneficial for crop following SafflowerMake most of low-output wellsConsistency of yields needs to be established like it is in other areas.Low inputsExtensive research by TTU, TAMU, OSU, KSU, NDSU, NMSU.AND THE BEST OF THE BESTMINIMAL WATER REQUIRED at peak times (Watering should take place before planting)
Conservation Districts are getting more restrictive on water usage because of declining water tablesFuel and electricity costs for pumping continue to rise filling of the soil profile in off peak season lowers these costsYields on safflower decline with increased water inputMinimal water needs for safflower will give the aquifer time to recover
Planting datesSafflower will emerge at a 40 degree soil temperature and will tolerate a freeze in the rosette stage to 18 degrees; 25 degrees after rosette. Recommended plant dates for the bulk of our growing area is from February 1 to March 15 for spring Safflower.
MoistureAs with most crops, a good soil moisture profile is necessary to produce a good crop. This is ESSENTIAL for safflower.We will provide consultation for irrigated growers to minimize watering.Works well in areas where there is limited water for later planted crops. (Half circles)
How to plantSafflower uses conventional equipment such as a drill, air seeder, planter, etc.Can be drilled in or bedded.Safflower does not like sitting in water, so beds can be beneficial, though not necessary, in helping to avoid this.Most planters and drills have a safflower setting, but if not, we will provide consultation on the setting for your equipment.
Bedded safflower at about 8 weeks
SeedingWe recommend between 25 and 30 lbs of viable seed per acre for conventional seed ($0.60/lb est. for 2011)Heavy residue will need higher end rates18 to 25 lbs of viable seed per acre for hybrid ($1.00/lb est. for 2011)Seeds should be planted at to 1 deep.All seed must be purchased from Dreamland.2010 taught us that our 2010 planting rates were too light
Depth of Planting Study (4 year avg)Williston, NDPlanting Depth1 inch2 inch3 inchYield% Plt*Yield% Plt*Yield% Plt*Lbs/aLbs/ALbs/A13567411924894932*PltEmerged Plants Relaltive to Planted Seed
FertilizationA number of factors influence fertilizer recommendations for safflower. These include yield expectations, available soil moisture, previous cropping and fertilization practices, and planting date.N is 100 lb/acre for irrigated, and 50 lb/acre for dry-farmed.We recommend using 1.5 to 3 gal/acre of Liquid Soil with to 1/3 of the recommended N to aid in maintaining & restoring healthy soil structure as opposed to N only. Our studies show an equal to greater impact when the two are combined. (See attachment)Knowing you soil condition will optimize requirements
FertilizationYields may be reduced by an excessive N supply leading to exhaustion of soil moisture by vegetative safflower.Similarly, yields of dry-farmed safflower, even in fallow systems, will be reduced if the fertilization rate produces excessive vegetative growth that exhausts soil moisture prior to seed maturation.More fertilizer details are in your handout.Fertilizer is critical to maximizing yields.
Weed ControlThe most effective weed control is achieved by practicing a sound crop rotation, which reduces weed numbers and minimizes the accumulation of weed seed in the soil. Planting date also is critical in weed control. Current labeled herbicides are in your handoutsIt is necessary to harvest in a timely manner to avoid having to burn down prior to harvest.
Herbicide Control Preplant - Eptam, Trifluralin, Sonolan, Metolochlor, Prowl Pre-emergence - Glyphosate Grass control - Poast, Assure II, Select Max Preharvest Burndown - Glyphosate
Insect ManagementMany species of insects can be found in safflower fields but they rarely affect yield. Planting safflower at a locally optimum time from the perspective of crop development and water use will usually allow the crop to develop vigorously enough to tolerate most insect damage.A detailed insect and mite pests of safflower table is included in your handouts.
Safflower grows best with low humidity conditions. Crop rotation, careful irrigation practices, and planting treated and disease free seed are important methods for controlling losses from disease.Moisture or high humidity prior to after first bloom can cause leaf spot (alterneria). If this is anticipated it must be sprayed with a fungicide such as Headline or Quadris at the very first bloom.Alternaria can affect yield production significantly if not treated timely.A detailed description of possible diseases is in your handouts.
Safflower Alternaria Blight
Effect of Quadris application on Alternaria Blight
Crop DevelopmentEarly plant dates allow longer time in the rosette stage causing better and deeper root development which gives greater vegetative growth giving better pod and seed development.Flowering dates are remarkably consistent. Individual seeds are physiologically mature in about 25 days after flowering. (Later plantings had earlier flowering dates photo period sensitive)
HarvestingMoisture content should be 8% or lessWill likely harvest in mid-July to late AugustBegins when leaves become dry and brown, with a little green on late headsIt is imperative to harvest when ready to reduce need to spray weeds prior to harvest.Conventional grain combines work well
TransportationIn 2009 we had 9 elevator locationsIn 2010 we are hauling directly from the field.Growers must have sufficient holding capacity to load a truck when it arrives in the fieldapproximately 1,500 bu or 50,000 lbs.This saves the grower hauling costs.
InsuranceShould be covered with NAP to meet 2008 Farm program guidelinesRMA Request for Actuarial Change information is in process to give to your agent (1 to 3 month process)Usually a 3 year average is required to obtain regular multi-peril insurance. Obviously these statistics are being gathered, but more time is needed.SUSTAINABILITY
What About?Pricing As our mission statement suggests, we are eag