welcome to poland do you want to know anything about that marvellous country?
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Welcome to PolandDo you want to know anything about that marvellous country?
General informationPoland is situated in the centre of Europe. It is the member of European Union from 2004. This country has population of over 38 million people. Its capital city is Warsaw. The official language of Poland is Polish.The total area consists of 312,679square kilometres. Its official name is the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska).
History of Poland The first Polish state was established and christianized in 966 by Mieszko I. The Piast Dynasty ruled from 966 to 1370. The next dynasties were Jagiellonowie and election kings. The last emperor of Poland was Stanislaw August Poniatowski. From 1795 to 1918 the area of Poland was divided into Russia, Austria and Prussia.The first Polish Constitution was established on 3rd May, 1791. Its principal co-author was Stanislaw August Poniatowski. The Constitution was the first in Europe and the second in the world.
History of PolandIn 1914-1918 Poland took part in the First World War and 20 years later the Second World War began. Poland was under German and Soviet occupation. In 1944 inhabitants of Warsaw fought in the Warsaw Rebellion. In 1945 the war ended and Poland became independent. Polish politicians under Soviet force established socialistic system from 1945 to 1989. From 2004 Poland is a member of European Union. Sejm the lower house of Polish parliament. It consists of 460 deputies elected every four years.
Polish literatureOne of the earliest Polish texts is Bogurodzica, the sacral hymn to Virgin Mary. The text is full of archaisms. Jan Kochanowski (1530-1580), the prominent poet and writer of the Polish Renaissance. He created Laments and another poetry.Wespazjan Kochowski (1633-1700) the Polish historian and poet. He wrote many religious poems. Ignacy Krasicki (1735-1801) , the most prominent writer in the Enlightement. His most popular works are Fables, Satires and the War of the Monks.
Polish literatureAdam Mickiewicz (1798-1855), the most outstanding poet of the Polish Romanticism, the author of the national epos Pan Tadeusz.Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1915) the writer of novels (Quo Vadis, The Teutonic Knights, With Fire and Sword). In 1905 he won the Nobel Prize.Konstanty Ildefons Gaczyski (1905-1953)- a poet, he wrote many grotesque and satiric poems as well as short comedies.
Zbigniew Herbert (1924-1998)-a Polish poet and essayist. He wrote a cycle of poems about Mr Cogito. His first poems were published in 1950.
Polish MusicVenceslaus Samotulinus (1520-1560) the Renaissance composer of religious motets.Karol Kurpiski (1785-1857) the Polish composer, conductor and educator. At the age of 12, he became an organist at church. He wrote operas and symphonic works. Stanisaw Moniuszko (1819-1872) a composer, a conductor and a teacher. He wrote operas and songs (The Haunted Manor, Helen, Verbum Nobile)
Polish MusicFrdric Franois Chopin (1810-1849) the most prominent composer of Romanticism.He wrote mazurkas, polonaises, sonatas and other piano pieces. His works contain Polish ethnic themes. Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860-1941) - a Polish pianist, composer, diplomat, and politician, and the third Prime Minister of Poland.
Polish MusicNational dancesKrakowiakPolonaiseMazurkaOberek Kujawiak
Polish architectureThe Wawel Cathedral is the Polish national sanctuary.It is located on the Wawel Hill in Cracow. It has a 1,000-year history and it was the traditional coronation site of Polish monarches. It is the Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Cracow. The Pope John Paul II was buried there.Main Market Square in Krakow
Polish architectureThe Great Theatre and the Polish National Opera in WarsawThe Lazienki Park (is the largest park in Warsaw and occupies 76 hectares of the city center. The Lazienki Park was established in the 17th century by Tylman van Gameren, in the baroque style.
Famous PolesJohn Paul II (Karol Wojtya) the Roman Catholic Pope, religious leader, writer, poet. He remains one of the most-travelled world leaders in history. He was the only Polish pope and the first non-Italian pope since Adrian VI (Dutch) in the 1520s.
Lech Wasa the Polish politician, the President in years 1990-1995. Established the Independent Self-governing Trade Union the Solidarity, which was anti-communist. The winner of the Nobel Prize in 1983.
Polish landscapesThe River Vistula is the longest one in Poland (1047 km). The picture shows the river in Modlin. The Vistula flows in Cracow, Warsaw and Gdask. The fabulous landscapes of Masuria, the area in the north-east of Poland
Warsaw the capital cityWarsaw is the capital city of Poland since 1596. It has 1 700 536 inhabitants. Modern centre of Warsaw
Polish languagePolish language is the official language of Poland. It is the West Slavic language with the greatest number of speakers . Polish language is spoken by 42.7 million people.
witokrzyskie districtPoland is divided into 16 districts. witokrzyskie district is situated in south-eastern Poland. Its capital city is Kielce. It takes its name from Gry witokrzyskie mountains. The population is1,281,796. In Switokrzyskie are situated Old-Polish Industrial Region and witokrzyski National Park. The location of witokrzyskie Voivodeship in Poland
witokrzyskie Mountainswitokrzyskie Mountains are treated as a mountain range in central Poland. They are one of the oldest mountain ranges in Europe. The mountains are part of the witokrzyski National Park. The highest summit of witokrzyskie Mountains is ysica (612 m), where is possible to see a stone run. The name of the mountains comes from a monastery with Relic of Holy Cross. Landscapes of witokrzyskie Mountains
KielceKielce is the capital city of witokrzyskie district. It has 205 665 inhabitants. Kielce is a cultural and economical center of the region. The city is famous of Kielce Trade Fairs. It is a modern firm, which organizes international exhibitions of miscellanous products. The best known building in Kielce - The Krakw Bishops Palace is constructed in baroque style. The palace is arranged as a National Museum with worth paintings of prominent artists. Kielce has also an university and an Institute of Technology. The city is known in Poland for the Dance Theatre.
Centers of KielceThe Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of Mary in Kielce functions as a religious center of the city. The cathedral is built in the baroque style. The painting of Virgin Mary was coronated in 1993 by the Pope John Paul II. The Culture Centre of Kielce is a modern building. There are situated: the philharmony, the local television and many language schools. It is a place of miscellaneous performances.
Architecture of KielceThe photographs show the Cracows Bishops Palace, the Karschs Manor House and the building of the District Office
ZagnaskZagnask is a village situated 13 km in the north of Kielce. Zagnansk functions as a center of Zagnansk Commune. Commune (gmina) is the principal unit (the lowest uniform level) of the territorial division in Poland. The main touristic attraction of Zagnansk Commune is the oak Bartek, which is about 700 years old. Other interesting places in this Commune are: an old quarry of dolomite, Bohema - the center of luxurious parties and ceremonies. The Commune contains also a library, a bank, primary ,gymnasium, schools and a high school. The high school specialised in forestry. It is one of the biggest buildings of Zagnask.
ZagnaskThe number of population of Zagnansk Commune is 12746. There are many cultural institutions. For example, the Commune Public Library contains 45 492 books to borrow. It also has several computers with free Internet access for all users. The next touristic attraction is an old church from XVII century. It is situated close to the Chelm Hill the point of picturesque views. The Zagnask Commune possesses in its territory a Suchedniowsko-Oblgorski park krajobrazowy. The modern architecture of Zagnask. The picture shows a center of health care. Library and pharmacy are situated next to that building.
ZagnaskZagnask is also a good recreation place. There are three artificial lakes in villages: Umer, Kaniow and Zachemie. It is possible to swim in them and rest on their coasts. In the village are also organised The Days of Zagnask", these are cultural and entertainment parties with the promotion of Zagnask Commune. The Landscape Park is located on the area of the Commune. It is a complex of forests, enabling walks full of delight and the admiration for the nature. The artificial lake in Kaniw.
Primary school and Gymnasium in ZagnaskPrimary School and Gymnasium in Zagnask are situated at Turystyczna 59 Street. The main building exists since 1971. The new building of the sports centre was built in 2003. The school contains 18 classrooms with the complete equipment, the canteen, the library and cloakrooms. There are about 486 students and 50 teachers. The school organizes obligatory lessons as well as the additional ones. The headmaster in Mrs Marzanna Moko. The main building of the school consists of three floors and a concourse used for sport and solemn events.
Primary school and Gymnasium in ZagnaskThe patron of the school is Stanisaw Staszic the leader of Polish Enlightement, a priest and political writer. The school possesses two computer rooms. The institution organizes miscellaneous journeys and trips e.g. to cinemas and theaters. Many students of the gymnasium take part in District Competitions. Students are writing a final examination in the concourse.
Primary school and Gymnasi