underage drinking, respect for the law, and fitting in: were the prophets of prohibition right?

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Underage Drinking, Respect for the Law, and Fitting In: Were the Prophets of Prohibition Right?. Hope Dischar & Perilou Goddard Department of Psychological Science Northern Kentucky University. Prohibition (1920-33) challenged our notion of ourselves as law-abiding citizens - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Relationship of Marijuana Use and Underage Drinking to Legal Compliance, Respect for Law, and Voting

Underage Drinking, Respect for the Law, and Fitting In:Were the Prophets of Prohibition Right?Hope Dischar & Perilou GoddardDepartment of Psychological ScienceNorthern Kentucky University

1Prohibition (1920-33) challenged our notion of ourselves as law-abiding citizensWidespread disregard for the laws of Prohibition were thought to undermine respect for all law

Levine and Reinarmans (2006) 2More Prohibition falloutLaw breaking went from marginalized to mainstream behavior

Picture from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1353104/Nucky-Johnson-Mafia-untouchable-1920s-mob-boss-inspired-TVs-Boardwalk-Empire.html3Parallels of Prohibition TodayUnderage drinkingNearly 10 million underage drinkers in 2010 (SAMHSA, 2010) Marijuana useNearly 17.4 million past-month marijuana users in 2010 (SAMHSA, 2010)

Originally planned to assess the prevalence of shoplifting and speeding in order to have a broader definition of being legally noncompliant. However, the data from these concepts were so skewed that it was not logical to include the data in the analyses.

4HypothesesUnderage drinking and marijuana use would be associated with less respect for the lawgreater sense of fitting in with mainstream society

5Participants and ProcedureParticipants162 undergraduates 18 to 20 years old105 females, 57 males10% were African-American, 3% were Hispanic, and 79% were WhiteProcedureParticipants completed all measures anonymously in 50-minute live sessions (not online)Consent form, questionnaires assessing each of the relevant variables, and debriefing

First, take a look at just how much legal noncompliance is going on in the sample!

6Measuring Alcohol and Marijuana UseWe created indices based on self-reported frequency of use1: Have never used2: Have not used in past year3: Have used in past year but not in past month4: Have used on fewer than 10 days in past month5: Have used on 10 days or more in past month

First, take a look at just how much legal noncompliance is going on in the sample!

7Measuring Respect for the LawRespect for the Law Scale developed for this study to tap beliefs about the legitimacy of the law16 statements rated on 7-point Likert scales 1 = strongly disagree, 7 = strongly agreeRepresentative itemsLaws in the U.S. are best described as of the people, by the people.We have the ability to change the laws we dont agree with by voting for officials who will represent our views.We are obligated to obey the laws because we help make the laws.Moderate internal consistency ( = .84)

Respect for the Law

8Measuring the Sense of Fitting InScale developed by Cozzarelli & Karafa (1998) to measure the similarities between individuals personal beliefs/values and their perception of American beliefs/values9 statements rated on 7-point Likert scales 1 = strongly disagree, 7 = strongly agreeRepresentative itemsI strongly identify with American values.I feel that many of my values are more or less universal.Moderate internal consistency ( = .80)

First, take a look at just how much legal noncompliance is going on in the sample!

9Alcohol UseNational vs. NKU DataNSDUH data (2010) were calculated for persons aged 18 to 25NKU data included ONLY 18- to 20-year olds

Alcohol Lifetime PrevalenceAlcohol 12-month PrevalenceNSDUH data85.7%

78.7%NKUdata82.7%

77.2%NSDUH- national survey on drug use and healthNote, that the NKU lifetime prevalence use for alcohol is very close to the national lifetime prevalence use, even though the NSDUH data included older respondents than my study.

10Marijuana UseNational vs. NKU DataIts pretty clear that lots of NKU students like their cannabis!

Marijuana Lifetime PrevalenceMarijuana 12- month PrevalenceNSDUH data51.1 %29.8%NKUdata54.3%43.2%NSDUH- national survey on drug use and healthNote, that the NKU lifetime prevalence use for alcohol is very close to the national lifetime prevalence use, even though the NSDUH data included older respondents than my study.

11Hypothesis 1: More frequent underage drinking and marijuana use will be associated with less respect for the law

Correlation with Respect for Law Scalep valueUnderage Drinking Index-.14.069Marijuana Use Index-.20.010The hypothesis was partially supported:Marijuana use was significantly associated with less respect for the law, but underage drinking was not (at least not quite). 11 of the 15 were significant (p< .05)

Highly significant regression R=.68, F(15, 141) =7.99, p