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UNCTADUnited Nations Conferences on Trade and Development(1964)

Presented by:- Arpana Sweta Mishracontents Introduction of UNOrganisation of UNCTAD Why UNCTADPrinciples of UNCTADObjectives of UNCTADOverview of main ActivitiesHow Does it WorksMeetingsUNCTAD II 1968 New DelhiAdvantages of UNCTADMajor AchievementsReportsParticipants

United Nations United nations is an intergovernmental organizations.It established on October 24th,1945Headquarter Manhattan, New York CityIts has 193 member state and 2 observer states.Main office in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna.Objective to promote international cooperation.6 principle organ:- 1. General Assembly 2. Security Council 3. The Economic and Social Council 4. Secretariat 5. The International Court of Justice 6.United Nations Trusteeship Council

Organizations of UNCTAD United nations conference on trade and development (UNCTAD) Established in 1964 Its is the principle organ of General Assembly of the United Nations General Assembly. Headquarter- Geneva, Switzerland. Head- Supachai Panitchpakd It has a permanent body- Trade and Development Board 193 members 400 staff membersUNCTAD XIII meeting will be held in Doha, Qatar in 2012. The plenary session of the conference- twice annually 55 members.

Why UNCTAD???? To discuss the problem of developing countries In organized GATT, the IMF and World Bank. concerns on- International markets, multi-national corporations and great disparity between developing and developed nations. Goals- to maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries.

Principles Every country has the sovereign right freely to dispose off its natural resources in the economic development and well-being of its own people and freely to trade with other countries.

Economic relations between countries, including - trade relations - self discriminations of people - non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. There shall be no discriminations on the basis of differences in socio-economic systems and the adoption of various trading methods and trading policies.Objectives/functions.. To promote international trade all over the world. To formulate Principles and Policies. To make proposals for putting the said principles and policies into the effect. To review and facilitate the co-ordination of activities of the other institutions. To be available as a centre for harmonious trade.

Overview of main activitiesTrade and commodities- Commodity diversification and development Competition and consumer policies Trade negotiations and commercial diplomacy Trade analysis and information systems(TRAINS) Trade and Environment

Investment and enterprise development International investments and technological arrangements Investment policy reviews Investment guides Empretec

Technology and Logistic ASYCUDA- Automated system for customs data E- Tourism initiatives Technology How Does UNCTAD Work?Commission MeetingsExpert MeetingsMonitoring of inter-governmental activitiesA TWO- TRACK PROCESSResearch and analytical studiesHuman resources capacity buildingInstitutional Capacity buildingConsensus buildingPolicy Analysis Intergovernmental levelUNCTAD Secretariat

Meetings.. Geneva, 1964 New Delhi, 1968 Santiago, 1972 Nairobi, 1976Manila, 1979 Belgrade, 1983 Cartagena, Colombia, 1992 Miranda, South Africa, 1996 Bangkok, Thailand, 2000 Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2004 Accra, Ghana, 2008 Doha, Qatar, 2012

UNCTAD II 1968 New Delhi To reappraise the economic situation and its implementing the recommendation of UNCTAD I.

Problems and measures of economic integration and trade and development among developing countries.

Special measurements for economic and social up liftment of the least developed among the developing nations.

Advantages of UNCTAD Training materials is disseminated more efficiently.

Accessibility to material and training in a cost-effective way.

The programme allows students and professionals to learn on their own time, in their own place, at their own pace.

Study materials and lessons are accessible in PDF format for online study.

the programme can reach remote locations in instances where the instructor cannot travel. This way, course participants, policymakers and company managers can be reached in developing countries.

Major Achievements Identification of exportable products enjoying greater access under the GSPOperation of a drawback system, whereby import duties payable on raw materials are refunded to manufacturers upon export of finished productsSigning of trade and payments agreements with socialist countries of Eastern EuropeEncouraging establishment of ancillary industries Introductions of standards and quality control for manufactured goodsSubsidies with respect to rail freight costs incurred in dispatching to domestic ports for direct export, without intermediariesParticipations in trade fairs exhibitions, with financial assistances extended to participants Advertising to overseas marketsReports The Trade and Development reportThe Trade and Environment reviewThe World Investment reportThe Economic development in Africa reportThe Least developed countries reportUNCTAD StatisticsThe Information Economy reportThe Review of Maritime TransportThe International Accounting and Reporting Issues Annual review

Who participates.Government delegates from 193 countriesInternational InstitutionsParliamentariansEntrepreneursAcademicsNGOs and IGOsMedia

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