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  • TRUCK DRIVERS MANUAL

    Prepared by

    JOHN SAUNDERS

    and

    PETER THOMSON

  • DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS FEDERAL OFFICE OF ROAD SAFETY

    DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL INFORMATION

    Report No. Date Pages ISBN ISSN CR9 1 June 1990 136 642 51387 2 0810-770X

    nile and Subtile Truck Drivers Manual

    Author@) John sunders and Peter Thomson

    Pertorming Organisafion National Road Transport Industry Training Committee Ltd 75-79 Chetwynd Street North Melbourne Victoria, 3051

    Sponsor Federal Office of Road Safety GPO Box 594 CANBERRA ACT 2601

    Available from Federal Office of Road Safety GPO Box 594 CANBERRA ACT 2601

    Abstract A manual to assist an applicant to get the knowledge and skills necessary to obtain a truck driver's licence and then become an expert professional driver in the road transport industry. The manual is designed to be used to achieve uniform testing and licensing standards throughout Australia. The manual covers topics including vehicle operation and maintenance, safe driving practices, acts and regulations, and a guide to public relations.

    Keywords TRUCKSAFElY TRUCK DRIVER MANUAL ROAD SAFE" DRIVER TRAINING COMMERCIAL DRIVERS LICENCE

  • CONTENTS

    PAGE

    VEHICLE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE .................................................................................. 3

    Steering, Accelerating, Gear Changing and Braking .......................................................................... 3

    i

  • ii

  • Defensive Dnvlng 87 The Professional Driver ............................................................................................................. 87 Defensive Dnvlng - A Definlhon 87 Superior Observation Skills ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

    . . .....................................................................................................................................

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    Space Cushion ............................................................................................................................. 88 ~ Space Ahead ......................................................................................................................... 88

    - Space to the Sides ................................................................................................................ 89 - Space Behind ........................................................................................................................ 89 - Space Above ......................................................................................................................... 90 Driver Vlslon 90 The System of Vehicle Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Night Driving .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Wet Road Condlhons 92 Knowledge Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

    - To Check your Space Cushion Ahead (Time Lapse Method) ...................................... 89

    . . ...............................................................................................................................

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    Breakdown and Accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Breakdowns ................................................................................................................................. 95 Accidents ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

    Knowledge Questions ................................................................................................................ 99 . Wheel ChangiLg ......................................................................................................................... 97

    ... 111

  • . .

    . .

    . . . . . . .

    Emergency Procedures ........................................................................................................................... 100 Emerrencies ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Skidding 100 - Drive Wheel Skids ............................................................................................................. 101 - Front Wheel Skids .............................................................................................................. 102 - All Wheel Skids .................................................................................................................. 103 - Trailer Skids ........................................................................................................................ 103 Evasive Steering ........................................................................................................................ 104 Brake Failure .............................................................................................................................. 104 - Loss of Air Pressure .......................................................................................................... 104 - Loss of Hydraulic Pressure .............................................................................................. 104 - Brake Failure on Hills ....................................................................................................... 105 Missed Gear Shift ...................................................................................................................... 105 Leaving the Road ...................................................................................................................... 105 Tyre Failure ................................................................................................................................ 106 Fires ............................................................................................................................................. 107 Dangerous Goods ..................................................................................................................... 108 Safe Driving Practices: A Summary ....................................................................................... 109 Knowledge Questions .............................................................................................................. 111

    - .....................................................................................................................................

    ACTS AND REGULATIONS ................................................................................................................ 112

    . . . .

    . . . . . .

    Road Laws .................................................................................................................................. 112 Apphcahon of Road Laws ....................................................................................................... 112

    Speed Limits 113 Giving Way 112

    Level Crossings ......................................................................................................................... 114 Seat Belts .................................................................................................................................... 114 Alcohol and Drugs .................................................................................................................... 114 Following Distance ................................................................................................................... 115

    Hours of Driving and Log Books 116 Dangerous Goods 116

    Knowledge Questions .............................................................................................................. 117

    . . ................................................................................................................................ ..............................................................................................................................

    ..................................................................................................................... ................................................................................