The Internet and Pornography - United States Conference The Internet and Pornography Introduction Dear Cardinals, Archbishops, Bishops, Major Superiors, esteemed colleagues and

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1TheInternetandPornographyIntroductionDearCardinals,Archbishops,Bishops,MajorSuperiors,esteemedcolleaguesandfellowparticipants,itisanhonorandprivilegetoaddressyouthisday.Thankyouforallowingustopresenttoyou.InthewordsofhisHolinessPopeBenedictXVI,the new technologies pose a great opportunity and this age is beingtransformed. It is an ever more commonly held opinion that, just as theIndustrial Revolution in its day brought about a profound transformation insocietyby themodifications it introduced into thecyclesofproductionand thelivesofworkers,sotodaytheradicalchangestakingplaceincommunicationsareguiding significant cultural and social developments. The new technologies arenotonlychangingthewaywecommunicate,butcommunication itself,somuchso that it could be said that we are living through a period of vast culturaltransformation. Thismeans of spreading information and knowledge is givingbirthtoanewwayoflearningandthinking,withunprecedentedopportunitiesforestablishing relationships andbuilding fellowship. Letus take thesewords toheart!TodaysFocusThis time together must not only focus on the possibilities that moderntechnology pose for us and thosewe serve, but also the perils and problemsassociated with inappropriate, often troubling and possibly new addictiveprocessesaswell.HisHolinessalsochallengesusandtheyoungtobeawareofthepossibledangersthatthesenewopportunitiesmayposetousandourveryway of being, Entering cyberspace can be a sign of an authentic search forpersonal encounters with others, provided that attention is paid to avoidingdangers such as enclosing oneself in a sort of parallel existence, or excessiveexposuretothevirtualworld.Inthesearchforsharing,for"friends",thereisthechallenge to be authentic and faithful, and not give in to the illusion ofconstructinganartificialpublicprofileforoneself.2OurTraditionThefocusfortodaymustbeaboutthesafetyandcareofthechildren,theyoungadults,parents,theyoungandtheold allthoseweserve.Thishasbeenand isourtradition.Thecurrentcrisismaychallengeusinthisregard,butletusbeclearaboutthiseffortandthisreality.Itisalwaysinourtraditiontocarefortheleastamongst us. [Matthew 25:40] Certainly these days pose new and challengingproblemsforallwhousetheInternetandtechnology,andwewillbyimplicationbe specifically addressing these individualswho parent our children, teach ourchildren, and pastor our children but they themselves as adultsmight be alsooverwhelmedbythesechallengesandopportunitiesandtheytoomustbevigilantand sensitive to the possibilities and the problems today associated with theappropriate use of the Internet and technology. Research across cultures andcountries indicates that the youth, college students and young adults are theprimaryusersof thesenew technologies.Wewouldbewell served to enter itwisely,completely,andwithduehaste.Our first and primary concern is safety. This has been and is central to ourtradition. Children andadultsoftenenter thisworldwithout formaleducationand training in theproperandappropriateuseof the Internetand technology.Researchintothenegativeeffectsofthesegiftsdemonstratesthatifweeducatechildren and ourselves into thewayswemight better use these realities, thepossibilitiesofmisuseandaddictiondecreasedramatically.Simplyput,researchdemonstrates that normal Internet and proper use of technologymust be ataught discipline like the ability to drive. Byway of analogy,wemust first bedrivenbyanadultwhohaslearnedhowtodrive,wemustfeelsafeandwemustlearntherulesoftheroad.Inmostpartsoftheworld,wewouldnevergiveachildkeys toacarandplacehimorherbehind thewheelwithoutmakingsurethattheyarematureenoughtosee,toviewtheroad,to learnhowtoturnthecar,manageitproperly,toknowhowtoreadamap,usespeedappropriately,andhow to safely park and maintain a car. Why do we do differently with theInternet,cellphones,andmoderntechnology?Clearly,inRome,whenyouseehowonedrivesheremanyparentsofRomemayhave forgotten to educate their children properly or likemany todaywith theInternetmayhaveabandonedany formaleducation inthebasicsofhowtousethe roadsand the informationhighwaywiselyandprudentlybut thismaynothavebeenthewisestformofeducationforuswhohavetogetoutoftheirway3for fear, on the streets of Rome and/or on the information highway. Fearreduction and education in thesematters is of paramount importance and isaboutsafetyon the roadsofRomeandon the informationhighway in thenewmillennium.ANewWayofRelatingThesecondkeypointintheuseandthemisuseoftheInternetandtechnologyisthatwemust see thisgift inadifferent light thanmostother realities thatwehaveseenandknown.Thisgift,thisreality,isevolvingandchangingaswespeak.This demands a newway of relating and adapting. Theminutewewrote thispresentation, new technologies and newways of driving on the Internet havebeen developed and are demanding different responses and additionalguidelines.Most companies, governments, andmost universities havewhat iscalled planned obsolescence in otherwords; they know that as soon as acomputer issoldandbought;thenextversionthatisquickerandbetterisbeingprepared to replace theone you justpurchased. You cannotmanage research,you cannotmanagebusiness, you cannot keeppacewith thenew informationthatischangingandevolving,ifyoutoodonotadapt.Thisnewreality,therefore,presentsuswithadramaticandnewwayofknowing,relating,andbeing. Ifwefail to understand this new way and grasp its dynamic nature, our children,parents,priests,ourpeople,andourChurchwillbeatgraverisk.Safetywouldbeandcouldbeplaced in jeopardy.Again,basicsafety,basicknowledgewouldbecompromisedandwewouldbe leftvulnerable.Wecanstaystagnantorwecanhaveprocessesthatchangewiththesenewmodesorprocessesofinformationaland relational importance. Without careful attention to this dynamic, ourtheologyandour senseofmeaning couldbediscarded.Children,youngadults,parents, teachers,andourpriestscouldbeusedanddiscardedasmereobjectsmuchmorequicklyandmorerapidlyinanalreadymaterialistic,hypersexual,andrapidlypacedage.NewRulesfortheRoadItisessentialthatanynewmannerofbehavingandrelatingmustalsohavenewrulesofusingthistechnology.Assuch,theword,rulesmaynotapply.4Attachedtothispresentation,pleasefindonereligiousorderswayofmanagingthesenewpublicdomainsandoneArchdioceseswayofrespondingtothesenewrealities.TheseareGuidelinesandassuchwillchangeandneedtochange.Asacaveatorconcretesuggestion,uselanguagethatisadaptable.GuidelinesorPoliciesisawordinEnglishthatconnotesconcretesuggestionswithoutbeingsetinstoneorsomethingthatisandwillbeamendedastechnologyandproblemsemerge.Aswereferencedbefore,speedlimitsandstoplightsinRomemeanonethinghere(ifthereareany)asopposedtoaspeedlimitinLondonorBerlinwheresayprecisionandattentiontoeverydetailandcompliancetakeonnewmeaningandshallwesay,enforcement?IntechnologyandintheuseoftheInternet,onesGuidelinesmustbeadaptabletotheeverchangingadvancesintechnologywhichoccurandwilloccurfrequently.TheUniversityofSouthernCalifornia(USC,theAnnenbergSchool/CenterforaDigitalFuture)isoneofthepremiercentersintheworldthatmanageandresearchinternationaldataontheuseandtrendswithintheInternet.TheyhaveextensivedataabouttheInternetforbusinesses,users,andacademicinstitutions,andtheyreport,Through10yearsofstudies,wehaveobservedoneparticularlyfascinatingconstant:thatonlinebehaviorchangesrelentlessly,andusersandnonusersdevelopattitudesandactionsthatareconstantlyinfluxastechnologyemerges,andthenthrivesorwithers,thisreport,theninestudiesthatprecededit,andthosethatwillfollow,areourongoingattempttochroniclethisextraordinaryinterplaybetweentechnologyandbehavior."InternationaldataontheuseoftheInternetseemstoindicateatremendousabilitytoengage,relateandbecomehealthierandconnectedtothoseweloveandwithwhomwework,thisnewandreassuringdataisusefulandimportant.AGospelUnderstandingoftheGiftFewpresentationsstartwiththisaspectofthegiftednessoftheInternetandtheemerging role of technology, but this is essential in this presentation. Newtechnologies and the Internet itself are truly incredible gifts. Thistransformation,asHisHolinessdescribes tous, ishappeningnowandwillbehappening in the foreseeable future. Information exchange is enormous, everexpandingandismoreandmorerapid.Newcellphonetechnologiesarehelpingineveryaspectoftheglobeandhelpingrichandpooralike.FarmersinAfricaaregettingup todateprices tobetteranticipate theirmarketneedswhile in theirvery fields that theyareharvesting theircrops.WallStreetandMainStreet5are benefiting from immediate and an explosive, omnipresent business andmarketing information. Communication, classrooms, relationships, businessmeetings,conferences,information,entertainmentthatisconvenient,immediateand universally accessible makes this new reality an everunfolding rich andseeminglyendlesspossibility.Itisalsocriticaltonotpanic.Additionally,Most researchers are finding healthy and appropriate use of theInternet leads tomore socialconnectionnot lessandhealthier relationships, ingeneral. Onehas toavoidwhatone researcher calls, jovenoia similar to theEnglishword,paranoia. There is littleevidence to suggest that the Internetortechnologyishorrible,evilorawfulforouryouthorus.Suchlanguageandsuchapanicareclearlyunwarranted.Incontrastthereisgrowingdatatosuggesttheopposite.InthewordsoftheHolyFather,weareundergoinganotherrevolution,similartomany such revolutions in thehistoryofmankindandourplanet. This is thegraceof thismoment inhistoryand this isalso theverychallengeand theveryperilofthismoment.Ifwefailtograspthisgift,wefailourselves,ourpeopleinourcare,andwe failourGod,bynotrespondingtothemandateoftheLord inthe Gospel of John, to care for those I have given you. This is the GospelunderstandingofthisuniquegiftthatwearepresentedwithintheInternetandinthe emerging role of technology. Early research across cultures and countriestendstosupportthesimpleyetcentralnotionthattheInternetenhancesfamilialandsocialbonds. Thisdatahasnowbeenreplicatedand isnowbecomingwellacceptedinformationabout internetuse.TheArabSpringistestimonytothepossiblebenefitsinthepoliticalarenaoftheuseoftechnologyandtheInternet.UnderstandingTentativeandNewDataAswithanygift,therecanbeadarkside.Reliableinformationandnewscanoftenbe sacrificed and research across cultures shows this suspicionof the Internet.Additionally,canon lawandourHolyFatherhavemade itclearthattheparentsmustbe the first teachers inallmattersofsexuality. However, researchacrossculturesclearlyindicatesthattheyarenotdoingthis.Thisisamajorinternationalproblemandconcern.Bishops,pastors,andteachersneedtobequiteclearthattheycannottalkaboutpreventingchildabuseuntilandiftheyknowthatthechildhas been taught of the essential Godgiven grace, beauty, and giftedness ofsexuality. Research also indicates that if a child first views andorexperiences6sexualitybeforeunderstandingitfromhisorherparents,thensexualityisframedoretched into them inanunhealthyormaladaptive template.TheCenters forDisease Control, the National Institutes of Health in the United States andInternational researchers across various countries have issued warnings toteachers and parents on the proper and controlled use of the Internet andtechnology,i.e.cellphones.Testingsextingandtheimproperuseofthesemediaisagrowingtrendandconcern.Mobileporn isanewanddangerouslysimpleform of sex slavery and trafficking with women and children. Parents andteachersneedtoexercisetheirtraditionalrolesbutnow inanewmediumwithnewapproaches.Itappearsthatthebrainanditsdevelopmentarebeingnegativelyaffectedbytheuse,overuse,andmisuseof theserealities.Newdata isemergingeverydayandno one study has definitely defined the term or diagnoses of an Internetaddiction. But early data is suggesting that too early use of technology andrepeatedoveruseof technologycouldbehavingnegativeeffectson theneurodevelopment of children and teens. Apparently, early data seems to suggestuncontrolledeffectsonchildrenseemtoinhibitmoreapparentandinterpersonalrelationalabilities,eyemovementandattentiveness, inabilitiestomaintain faceto face communication, attentiveness, and verbal skills. Additionally, anypredispositions to othermental disorders seem to becomemore exacerbated,e.g. depression or social deficit disorders. More strikingly, researchers arebeginning to see neural pathways in the brain thatmimic drug addictions andseemtoindicateamoreinsidiousandanewpossibleaddictivenatureinInternetpornographicuse.In summary,preventionmeasures tohaltearlyexposure areessentialbut alsoearly intervention is highly recommended in problematic use and behaviorsbefore one sees a full blown addiction to the Internet itself and Internetpornography.Hence, theearlier the intervention ismadewith thisdisease, theeasier the ability to treat andmanage it. Thispoint cannotbeoverstated. Thegoodnews inthisreality isthatwehavemanagedwelltheaddictionsofalcoholanddrugsinourchurch,inourclergy,andinourpeople;inthisregard,wedonothavetoreinventthewheel.Weknowthisrealityquitewell.However,wehavetoutilizethatknowledgethatwealreadypossessanduseitearliernotlater.Thisweknowandthiswehavedonewell inourpast.Wecannot forgetthataswetalkmoreexplicitlyaboutallthatwemaynotknow.7TheDifferencesinthisNewRealityData across countries and cultures seems to indicate that the young inoverwhelminglylargenumbersarefullyengagedinInternetuseinacademicandinhomesettings.Usevariesaccordingtoavailabilityandsocioeconomicrealitiesbutwhen it is available, the Internetprovides for anew and extensivewayofrelatingacrossagegroups.Itisalsoclearthattheoldertheage,thelesstheyuseit; interestingly new crosscultural data suggest consistent little interest in theoldergenerationsintheInternetsutility.Thisisalarmingdataforthisgroupsincetheinformationagemayleavemanybehind.Interestingly,also,fewerpeoplearefinding the Internet a good thing for cultures and societies, in general (68%downto57%).Inviewof this, severalnewdifferences in theemerginguseof technologymaycause us to pause and have serious concern and alarm. One new and keydifferenceintheuseandabuseoftheInternetisthefactthatonesbasicsenseofrealitymayoftencomeintoquestionquickly.Letsdiscussthisabitmore.Severalaspectsofreality testingor tobeoriented to realitymight typically includethefollowing:1. Knowledgeofcurrenttimeandspace2. Conventionalviewsofself3. Accurateviewsofself4. Abilitytoaccuratelyinterpretotherspresence5. Abilitytoanticipateconsequencesofactions/behaviors6. ThinkaboutandbehaveappropriatelyinvarioussituationsThe Internettheoveruseandconstantuseof itputsmanyoftheseordinarywaysofrelatingtoreality self,othersandtheenvironment intoquestion. Ioften feel like Iamtheonlyone intheworld. Often, Internetaddictsorthoseengaged inproblematicbehaviorsontheInternetbecome immunetothebasicsoftimeandspaceRealityescapesthem.DefiningProblematicVersusAddictiveBehaviorsAdditionally,Internetaddictsseemtolacktheabilitytoknowhowtodrivedownthis information highway without getting into serious trouble, withoutcontinuouslyfallingintoapitorhole.Theyfailtoliterallyseetheroadaheadofthem.Ifwe lookattheverymeaningoftheword,pitfall, it isdefinedassuch,8the Internet becomes a Pitfall or Pit to addicts because its a trap that iscarefullycamouflagedandused tocaptureandholdmenoranimals., itcanbeandoftenisatraporsnareoranoteasilyrecognizeddangerordifficulty.But,letsnotpanic,weknowthis!Problematicuserscanandoftendoseethatitisaproblem.Theyseethattheyhavefallenintoapittheyaskforhelp.Theyareabletoclimboutofthepitoraskforhelpindoingso.Thekeydifferenceweseeinaddictiveprocessesversusproblematicprocessesisintheabilitytoseetheneedforhelpandtoseekhelp.Thisselfreflectivecapacitycanbothbeassessedanddeveloped.Problematicbehaviorsmaybecomeaddictive;addictivebehaviorsareclearlyproblematic.WhataretheCommonSymptomsofanyAddiction? DenialIcantseeitItsnotaproblem. ControlIcantcontrolmyactionsandfunctioningitcontrolsme. Timeisirrelevant;Iloseasenseoflimit,senseofwhoIam,others,place Relationshipsarechanged,damaged,neglected,andhurt Attemptstolimitthebehavioroftenfail Needmoretogetthesameeffecttolerance NeglectofthenormaldaytodayactivitiesTheUseofPornography(PleaseseeHandoutsforStatistics)TheCrimesagainstChildrenLabattheUniversityofNewHampshirerecommendsthefollowing:Thepublicityaboutonlinepredatorsthatpreyonnaivechildrenusingtrickeryandviolenceislargelyinaccurate.Internetsexcrimesinvolvingadultsandjuvenilesmoreoftenfitamodelofstatutoryrapeadultoffenderswhomeet,developrelationshipswith,andopenlyseduceunderageteenagersthanamodelofforciblesexualassaultorpedophilicchildmolesting.Thisisaseriousproblem,butonethatrequiresdifferentapproachesfromcurrentpreventionmessagesemphasizingparentalcontrolandthedangersofdivulgingpersonalinformation.Developmentallyappropriatepreventionstrategiesthattargetyouthdirectlyandfocusonhealthysexualdevelopmentandavoidingvictimizationareneeded.9Theseshouldprovideyoungeradolescentswithawarenessandavoidanceskills,whileeducatingolderyouthaboutthepitfallsofrelationshipswithadultsandtheircriminalnature.Particularattentionshouldbepaidtohigherriskyouth,includingthosewithhistoriesofsexualabuse,sexualorientationconcerns,andpatternsofoffandonlinerisktaking. Avoiddescriptionsoftheproblemthatcharacterizevictimsasyoungchildrenoremphasizeviolenceanddeception. Beclearaboutwhysexwithunderageadolescentsiswrong. Focuspreventioneffortsmoreonadolescents,lessonparents,andfranklyonconcernsrelevanttoadolescents,includingautonomy,romance,andsex. FocuspreventionmoreoninteractiveaspectsofInternetuseandlessonpostingpersonalinformation. Educateyouthaboutcriminalbehaviorandchildpornography. Developtargetedpreventionapproachesforthemostatriskyouthpopulations. Assessforpatternsofriskyonlinebehavior.Whatdowedointhefaceofthesestatistics?It isessentialtorecognizethecomplexityof issues,be informedaboutthisdata,andrelaythistoourchildren,teachers,parents,andpriests.First,whyistheInternetsoproblematic(DelmonicoandGriffin)?Itis:1. Interactiveitseemsrelational2. Inexpensivenothingworsethanseeminglyfreeexcitement3. Imposingthereissomuchtochoosefromontheweb4. Integralitseemstobepartandparcelofeverydayactivity5. Isolatinghamperhumaninteraction6. Intoxicating seemstoaffectpartofthebrainandbodythesamewayasdrugsSomecallthistheOnlineDisinhibitionEffect: Youdontknowme Youcantseeme10 Seeyoulater Itsallinmyhead(Fantasydetachedfromreality) Itsjustagame Itsjustfun WeareallequalsSomeeven suggest that there isan InternetAddictionDisorder IADand theyevenspecifythesubtypeswithinit,(ifitexists,itmaybelikenedtothefollowing).FourSubtypes:1. CybersexAddiction2. CyberrelationalAddiction3. InternetSpending,Gaming,orGambling4. InformationalOverloadClergyandtheInternetClergyacross faithsandacrossculturesarewellawareof the strugglesof theirparishioners, students, and all those that they serve. Seminarians and clergythemselvesarenotimmunetothisproblem.Thereislittleresearchatthistimetosuggest any hard facts. However, initial impressions from some otherdenominations seem to indicate that thosewho strugglewithother addictionsmightbemorevulnerableabout56%ofclergywithotheraddictivedisorders,88%ofthesemenreportproblematicuseoftheInternet,about51%ofworkingpastors from other faiths report being tempted by Internet pornography.Additionally, in this same sample, 37%ofpastors report cyberporn asbeing acurrent struggle. About 57% selfreport compulsive cyberporn use. Themostsignificantsignsofthisvulnerabilityareissuesrelatedtolonelinessandisolation,the lackofselfcare,higherexpectationsofthemselves,entitlement,and lackofeducation about this aspect of the Internet, and a significant ability tocompartmentalize themselves split between selfimage and image of God,feelingsofshame,hypocrisy,andunworthiness.Ifthisdataissupportedinfutureresearch, itseemstosuggestthatclergy intheRomanCatholicChurchwillneedbettertrainingandeducationonthisissue.Prevention11Preventionisessentialtounderstand.Unlikeanynewinventionthathasoccurredinthesepastcenturies,thewebandmoderntechnologycanhelpusinnumerousknown and yet to be seen efforts in our pastoral evangelization and in thepastoralcareofthoseweserve. Italsochallengesus inthesesameways.Travelthat tookmonths just a century ago, takes seconds; communication thatwasdifficultandoften laboriousnow iseasyand immediate. Childabuse statisticsacross culturesand countries suggest the same realityaboutwhomandwherepreventionneeds to takesplace. Overwhelmingdatasuggest thesamepeople,the fathers, stepfather, uncles, boyfriends,mothers and sisters of the childrenbeingtrafficked intochildpornand intochildslaveryarebeingsoldandusedbythepeople theyknowand thepeoplewhoaresupposed tobecaring for them.Thisfactneedscriticalattentionandresearch.AddictiontotheInternet,technology,andinallofitsmanifestationsseemstobelike any other addiction thatwe have discovered in our societies. Education isparamount inprevention.Knowledgecananddoes lead tobetterandhealthieruseofthesenewformsofcommunication.Earlyinterventionsworkbest,butanyintervention helps the individual in the bonds of this new form of an ancientstrugglewith the human spirit. Research is just beginning to comprehend thisissueandmoreinformationisunfolding,aswespeak.Certainculturesseemmorevulnerable (AsianandAmerican)andcertain individualswithothercooccurring(Depression,ADHD, conflict in family life)orpreexistingconditions seem tobemoreatriskforproblematicandaddictiveuseofthisnewtechnology.Theseareearlydataresultsandmustbeseen,assuch.Additionally,weknowthatwomenunlikemen(25%versus5%)whoengageincyberrelating/datingtendtoactuallymeetupwiththesepeopleoutsideofthechatroomswhereincreasedphysicalandsexualviolencehappensmoreregularly.Ourchurchesandofficesfilledwithwonderfulwomenneedtobewarnedaboutthisreality.Additionally,advocacyinthepublicarena isnecessary to lookathowmuchmoney isbeingmade in theporn industry. Russia, USA, Germany, Sweden, and Spain seem to be thecountrieswherethemostpornismadeandwheretheprofitsaregoing.This presentation is also about ways that we can manage something newtogether.Thefamilytheparentsdeterminesthewayeachhousehold isrun.This isthebasics inourowncanon lawandneedstobethe firstplacewhereahealthy sexuality discussion must first occur. If children first hear and seepornographicimagesorevenmessagesaboutchildsexualabusepreventionthatis the template for their life. This fact needs to be clearly understood and12corrected.Thisbecomescrucialnowthatweknowthatpredatorslureteensintomeeting because they use their fascination with their sexuality against them.Teenswereoftennot treatedviolently initially; the research indicates that theyoftenareinterestedinsexualmattersandthisinterestthepredatorusesagainstthem.Preventionprogramsneedtobeawareofthisdata.But,wealsoknowthatchildsexualabuseontheInternetisstrikinglysimilartomostchildsexualabuseinsociety. Parents, relatives, uncles, stepfathers, and individualwho know thesechildrenwellaretheoverwhelmingnumbersoftraffickersthesechildren.Thisistrueinalmostthesameshockingnumbersof7580%.Mostmenandwomenacross research samplesandacross cultures report thattheydidNOTlearnaboutsexualityfromtheirparentsbutfromtheirpeers,theirfriendsor siblings,or their sameaged relatives. TheChurch canbe apowerfulexampleofculturalchangebyempoweringparentstoassumetheirnaturalrole.Education on normal sexuality and healthy use of the Internet is essential topreventionefforts.The Internetprovidesuswith thechallengeandopportunitytoprotecteachotherand italsomightbeused forhealthyeducation in thesematters!AgrowingnumberofpeoplearepromotingInternetsafetyeducationinanefforttohelpkeepyoungsterssafefromInternetsexoffenders.Butsomeoftheinformationintheirlectures,pamphlets,videos,andwebsitesdoesnotreflectwhatresearchershavelearnedabouttheimportantfeaturesofthesecrimes.HereareevidencedbasedsuggestionsofhowtomakeInternetsafetyeducationmaterialsmoreconsistentwithcurrentresearch(CrimesAgainstChildrenLab,UniversityofNewHampshire). 1in25youthinoneyearreceivedanonlinesexualsolicitationwherethesolicitortriedtomakeofflinecontact. Internetoffendersmanipulateyoungpeopleintocriminalsexualrelationshipsbyappealingtoyoungpeoplesdesiretobeappreciated,understood,takerisks,andfindoutaboutsex. Accordingtoresearchlookingatcrimesendinginarrest,violenceoccurredinonly5%ofcases.Inmostencounters,victimsmeetoffendersvoluntarilyandexpectsexualactivity,becausetheyfeelloveoraffectionforthepersontheyhavebeencorrespondingwith.Typically,theyhavesexwith13theadultonmultipleoccasions.Mostofthesecrimesarestatutoryratherthanforciblerapes. Internetoffenderstargetteenswhoarewillingtotalkonlineaboutsex. Becarefulaboutwhoyougivepersonalinformationtoandwhatkindsofthingsyoushare. Beverycarefulwhatyoudowithsocialnetworkingsitesorpersonalwebpages.AlthoughmostvictimsgovoluntarilytomeetandhavesexwithInternetoffenders,thesearenonethelessserioussexcrimesthattakeadvantageofinexperiencedandvulnerableyoungpeople.(Prepared by David Finkelhor, Janis Wolak, and Kimberly Mitchell of the Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire. For more information: www.unh.edu/ccrc Research funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, OJJDP, and the National Center for Missing &Exploited Children. Program support is provided by the Verizon Foundation.) Thefollowingaresomeonlinesafetytipstosharewithchildren: 1. Setuprules:Postclear,simple,easytoreadrulesonornearthemonitor.CreateyourowncomputerrulesorprintouttheInternetSafetyPledgefrommanygoodsites.Youandyourchildrenshouldreviewthisperiodically.2. Usefilters:Considerusingfilteringormonitoringsoftwareforyourcomputer.Lookintosafeguardingprogramsoroptionsyouronlineserviceprovidermightoffer.Thesecanincludemonitoringorfilteringcapabilities.Haveyourchildrenusechildfriendlysearchengineswhencompletinghomework.3. GuardUse:Astheparent,theInternetaccountsshouldbeinyourname,andyoushouldhavetheprimaryscreennameandcontrolpasswords.Donotallowchildrentocompleteaprofileforaserviceprovider,andmakesuretheirscreennamesarenondescriptenoughthatastrangermaynotknowtheuserisachild.Sexoffendersusesitesregularlyandposeaschildrenandlookforchildren4. Checkoutprivacypolicies:Alwaysreadaprivacypolicybeforeyouoryourchildrenprovideanypersonalinformation.AlsomakesurethataWebsiteoffersasecureconnectionbeforegivingcreditcardinformation.Websitesforchildrenarenotpermittedtorequestpersonalinformationwithoutaparentsorguardianpermission.Talktoyourchildrenaboutwhatpersonalinformationisandwhyyoushouldnevergiveittopeopleonline.145. Talkaboutthedangersofemailandchat:Ifyourchildrenusechatoremail,talktothemaboutnevermeetinganonlineunknownfriend.Womenversusmenaremuchmorelikelytomeetupwithsomeoneonline(2530%versus25%) facetoface.Talktoyourchildrenaboutnotrespondingtooffensiveordangerousemailandunwantedchats.Reportanysuchcommunicationtolocallawenforcement.Donotdeletetheoffensiveordangerousemail;insteadturnoffthemonitor,andcontactlocallawenforcement.Knowwhomyourchildrenareexchangingemailwith,andonlyletthemusechatareasthatyouhavevisited.Parentsandguardians,monitoronlineasyouwouldontheplayground!6. Knowwhatisgoingon:Keepthecomputerinthefamilyroomoranotheropenareaofyourhome.Letyourchildrenshowyouwhattheycandoonline,andvisittheirfavoritesitesorchatroomswiththem.Ifyoususpectonlinebullyingorstalkingorsexualexploitationofachild,reportittoyourlocallawenforcementagency.TheNationalCenterforMissing&ExploitedChildren(NCMEC)hasasystem,foridentifyingonlinepredatorsandchildpornographersandcontributingtolawenforcementinvestigations.Leadsforwardedtothesiteareacknowledgedandsharedwiththeappropriatelawenforcementagencyforinvestigation.Byfollowingthesetips,parentscanhelpkeeptheInternetasafeplacefortheirchildrentolearn,growandplay.Parentsstillneedtobeparents.Weendwherewebegan,hisHolinesssays,Believerswhobearwitnesstotheirmostprofoundconvictionsgreatlyhelppreventthewebfrombecominganinstrumentwhichdepersonalizespeople,attemptstomanipulatethememotionallyorallowsthosewhoarepowerfultomonopolizetheopinionsofothers.Onthecontrary,believersencourageeveryonetokeepalivetheeternalhumanquestionswhichtestifytoourdesirefortranscendenceandourlongingforauthenticformsoflife,trulyworthyofbeinglived.Itispreciselythisuniquelyhumanspiritualyearningwhichinspiresourquestfortruthandforcommunionandwhichimpelsustocommunicatewithintegrityandhonesty.Aswehavewarnedyou,sowepraythatyouarecarefulinthestreetsofRomebutalsoonthenewInformationHighway.Thankyou.15References1. WolakJ,MitchellK,FinkelhorD.Onlinevictimization:5yearslater.Alexandria,VA:NationalCenterforMissing&ExploitedChildren;2006.Availableat:http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/CV138.pdf.2. WolakJ,FinkelhorD,MitchellKJ.Internetinitiatedsexcrimesagainstminors:Implicationsforpreventionbasedonfindingsfromanationalstudy.JournalofAdolescentHealth2004;35(5):424.e11424.e20.3. WolakJ,FinkelhorD,MitchellK,etal.Online"predators"andtheirvictims:Myths,realitiesandimplicationsforpreventionandtreatment.AmericanPsychologist2008;63(inpress).4. Ybarra ML, Mitchell KJ, Wolak J, Finkelhor D. Internet prevention messages: Targeting the right online behaviors? Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 2007; 161(2); 138-145. 16SomeBasicStatistics: Inordertobetterunderstandtheserealities,letsbeginbylookingatsomebasicdata.Thefollowingslidesanddetailsmayoverwhelmandhenceyouneedtobewarnedthatwhatyouareabouttoviewmaydisturbyouenormously.LetusstartwithbasicinformationabouttheuseoftheIntentandcellphones.In the United States, wirelessInternetuseratesareespeciallyhighamongyoungadults,andthelaptophas replaced thedesktopas thecomputerofchoiceamong thoseunderage30. 81%ofadultsbetweentheagesof18and29arewirelessInternetusers.Bycomparison,63%of3049yearoldsand34%ofthoseages50andolderaccesstheInternetwirelessly. Roughlyhalfof1829yearoldshaveaccessedtheInternetwirelesslyonalaptop(55%)oronacellphone(55%),andaboutonequarterof1829yearolds(28%)haveaccessedtheInternetwirelesslyonanotherdevicesuchasanebookreaderorgamingdevice. Theimpactofthemobilewebcanbeseeninyoungadults'computerchoices.Twothirdsof1829yearolds(66%)ownsalaptopornetbook,while53%ownadesktopcomputer.Youngadultsaretheonlyagecohortforwhichlaptopcomputersaremorepopularthandesktops. AfricanAmericanadultsarethemostactiveusersofthemobileweb,andtheiruseisgrowingatafasterpacethanmobileInternetuseamongwhiteorHispanicadults.Cellphoneownershipisnearlyubiquitousamongteensandyoungadults,andmuchofthegrowthinteencellphoneownershiphasbeendrivenbyadoptionamongtheyoungestteens. Threequarters(75%)ofteensand93%ofadultsages1829nowhaveacellphone. Inthepastfiveyears,cellphoneownershiphasbecomemainstreamamongeventheyoungestteens.Fully58%of12yearoldsnowownacellphone,upfromjust18%ofsuchteensasrecentlyas2004.Internetuseisnearubiquitousamongteensandyoungadults.Inthelastdecade,theyoungadultInternetpopulationhasremainedthemostlikelytogoonline.17 93%100%ofteensages1217goonline,asdo93%ofyoungadultsages1829.Onequarter(74%)ofalladultsages18andoldergoonline. Overthepast10years,teensandyoungadultshavebeenconsistentlythetwogroupsmostlikelytogoonline,evenastheInternetpopulationhasgrownandevenwithdocumentedlargerincreasesincertainagecohorts(e.g.adults65andolder). Thenewrealityofcyberbullyingisdevastatingmanyteensandfamilieswithreportedhigherratesofsuicide. Additionally,textingonacellphoneisamajorproblemespeciallywhennotsupervisedbyparents.Earlydatasuggestthatjustlimitingtheuseandlimitingwhenchildrenusetheirphonepreventsuseinthemiddleofthenight;itthuspreventsprolongedperiodsofsleepdeprivation,whichmanylinktohighersuicideratesinteens;controllingtheuse,timingandaccesstocellphonesiscrucialdatahere. Textingalsopresentsnewproblemswithoveruseofthehandmuscles,whichiscausingmuscularproblemsinthehands,accidentsontheroadandonsidewalks.18Handouts:SomeresearchersindicatethattheamountofpornographyontheInternetcanbedifficulttofathom.Atotalof4.2millionwebsitescontainpornography.Thatis12percent(12%)ofthetotalnumberofwebsites.Thereare100,000websitesthatofferchildpornographyand1in7youthsreportbeingsolicitedforsexontheInternet.InternetPornographyStatisticsPornographicwebsites 4.2million(12%oftotalwebsites)Pornographicpages 420millionDailypornographicsearchenginerequests68million(25%oftotalsearchenginerequests)Dailypornographicemails 2.5billion(8%oftotalemails)Internetuserswhoviewporn 42.7%Receivedunwantedexposuretosexualmaterial34%Averagedailypornographicemails/user 4.5perInternetuserMonthlyPornographicdownloads(Peertopeer)1.5billion(35%ofalldownloads)DailyGnutella"childpornography"requests116,000Websitesofferingillegalchildpornography100,000Sexualsolicitationsofyouthmadeinchatrooms89%19Youthswhoreceivedsexualsolicitation 1in7(downfrom2003statof1in3)Worldwidevisitorstopornographicwebsites72millionvisitorstopornography:MonthlyInternetPornographySales $4.9billionTimeontheInternetPornographyTimeStatisticsEverysecond$3,075.64isbeingspentonpornography.Everysecond28,258internetusersareviewingpornography.Everysecond372internetusersaretypingadultsearchtermsintosearchengines.Every39minutes:anewpornographicvideoisbeingcreatedintheUnitedStates.Pornographyrevenuesarenotnecessarilyrankedaccordingtopopulation.Chinatoppedthelistin2006withmorethan$27billioninpornographyrevenues.However,SouthKorea,onlythe26thmostpopulousnationonearthaccordingtotheU.S.CensusBureau,isnextinlinewithmorethan$25billioninpornographyrevenues.TheInternetisnotthemostpopularformofpornographyintheUnitedStates.Videosalesandrentalsaccountedfor$3.62billioninrevenuein2006whileinternetpornographyrakedin$2.84billion.ChildrenInternetPornographyStatisticsAccesstopornographyisavailablefromearlyon.Theaverageageofachildsfirstexposuretopornographyis1114yearsold.20ChildrenInternetPornographyStatisticsAverageageoffirstInternetexposuretopornography1114yearsoldLargestconsumerofInternetpornography3549agegroup1517yearoldshavingmultiplehardcoreexposures80%816yearoldshavingviewedpornonline90%(mostwhiledoinghomework)717yearoldswhowouldfreelygiveouthomeaddress29%717yearoldswhowouldfreelygiveoutemailaddress14%Children'scharacternameslinkedtothousandsofpornlinks26(IncludingPokmonandActionMan)InternetPornographyUserDemographicsPornographyconsumersaredividedfairlyevenlybyagebutnotbyincome.Thosemakingmorethan$75,000ayearrepresent35percentofthosepurchasingpornography.Another26percentofpornographyconsumersmake$50,000to$75,000peryear.Ageisnotamajorfactor.Pornographyconsumersarefairlyevenlydivided.IntheUnitedStates,individualsbetweentheagesof35to44consumethemostpornography(26percent),andindividualsbetweentheagesof18to24purchasetheleast(14percent).21U.S.AdultInternetUserDemographicsIncomeIncome %Under$15K 6.23%$15K$25K 6.59%$25K$35K 9.55%$35K$50K 16.59%$50K$75K 25.58%$75K+ 35.30%USAdultInternetUserDemographicsAgeAge %1824 13.61%2534 19.90%3544 25.50%4554 20.67%55+ 20.32%22

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