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Confucianism

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Digitizedbythe InternetArchivein 2007withfundingfromMicrosoftCorporationhttp://www.archive.org/details/fourbooksgreatleOOconfuoftTHEFOUR BOOKSmmkmmmTHE OREnTLEflRRinGTeociEOFiiififfWl TconFuannaobiectsTHEUUORKS OFHEnCIUBY*,JFinKne.dayrenovateyourself,doso from dayoay'TYJ?*Jettherebedailyrenovation."j.IntheAnnouncementtoK'ang,it issaid,lTostirupthetxqttpeopI *Chap. v. 1. The Master said, "Riches andhonorsare whatmendesire. If it cannot beobtained in the properway, theyshouldnot beheld. Povertyand meanness are what mandislike. If it cannot be obtained in theproperway, they should notbeavoided.2. "Ifasuperior manabandonvirtue,howcanhefulfill the requirementsof that name?3."The superior mandoes not, even forthespace of a single meal, act contrary tovirtue. In moments of haste, hecleaves to it.Inseasons of danger, he cleaves to it."Chap. VI.1 , The Master said,"Ihave notseen a person who loved virtue, or one whohated whatwasnot virtuous. He who ioved*iCONFUCIANANALECTSvirtue, would esteem nothing above it. Hewhohatedwhatis notvirtuous, wouldpracticevirtue in suchawaythathe wouldnot allowanything thatis not virtuous to approach hisperson.2.uIsanyoneable for oneday to applyhis strengthtovirtue? Ihavenotseenthecasein which hisstrengthwouldbe insufficient.3. "Shouldthere possibly beanysuchcase,I havenotseen it."Chap. VII. The Master said, "Thefaults ofmen arecharacteristicofthe classtowhichtheybelong. By observing a man's faults, it maybeknownthat he is virtuous."Chap. VIII. The Master said, "If a manin the morning hear the right way, he maydie in theevening withoutregret."Chap. XI. The Master said, "A scholar,whosemindissetontruth,andwhois ashamedofbad clothes and bad food, is not fit to bediscoursed with."Chap. X. The Master said."The superiorman, in the world, doesnot sethismind eitherHjgCONFUCIANANALECTSv^5for anything, or against anything; whatisrighthe will follow."Chap. XLthe Master said,uThe superiormanthinks ofvirtue; thesmall manthinks ofcomfort.The superior man thinks of thesanctionsof law;the small manthinksoffavorswhichhemayreceive"Chap. XII. The Master said, "He who actswitha constant viewto his own advantagswill bemuchmurmuredagainst."Chap. XIII. The Master said, "Is a pvincdable to governhiskingdom withthe complairsaneeproper to the rules of propriety,whatdifficulty will hehave? Ifhecannot governitwith thatr complaisance, what has he to dowiththe rules of propriety?"Chap. XIV TheMaster said,Amanshouldsay, I amnotconcerned thatIhavenoplace,IamconcernedhowImayfit myselfforone*I am not concerned that I amnotknown, Iseek to beworthyto beknown."$6CONFUCIANANALECTSiias.RAPI0.ro^*^0.**;&rL&&ffia^Chap. XV. 1. The Master said,"Shan,mydoctrine is thatofanall-pervadingunity."Thedisciple Tsang replied, "Yas."2. The Master went out, and the otherdisciples asked, saying,"What do his wordsmean?" Tsang said, "The doctrine of ourmaster is to be true to the principles of ournatureandthe benevolent exercise Ofthem toothers,thisandnothing more."Chap.XVI. The Master said, "The mindofthesuperior manisconversant with righteous-ness; themind of the meanmanis conversantwith gain."Chap. xvii. The Master said, "When weseemenof worth, weshouldthink of equalingthem; when wesee menof acontrary characterweshouldturninwards andexamineourselves.7*Chap. xvui. The. Master said, "In servinghis parents, ason may remonstratewiththem,butgently;whenhe-seesthat theydonotinclineto follow his advice, heshows an increaseddegree of reverence, but does notabandon his9ft m CONFUCIANANALECTS37*-rpurpose;and should Aey punish himthe doesinotallow himselftomurmur.'*ChapXIX. The Master said, "While hbparentsare alive, theson maynot goabroadtoa distance. Ifhedoesgoabroad, hemusthave afixed placeto whichhegoes."Chap,XX. The Master said, "Ifthesonforthree yearsdoesnotalterfrom the wayof hisfather, hemaybecalled filial."H~-f$ ^0, #2^,: RPFfcHfc, ~*M&M> HfeChapxxi The Master said, "Theyearsofparents mayby no means not be keptin thememory, asan occasion atonceforjoy andforfear."Chap.xxil. The Master said, "Thereasonwhytheancientsdidnotreadily give utteranceto their words, wasthatthey fearedlest theiractions should not come upto them.,TChapxxm. TheMastersaid, "Thecautiousseldomerr."Chap xxiv The Mastersaid, "Thesuperior* CONFUCIANANALECTSfr.gmanwishestobeslow in his speech andearnestin hisconduct."Chap. xxv. The Master said, "Virtue isnot left to stand alone. Hewho.practices itwill haveneighbors."Chap. XXVI, Tsze-yu said, "In serving aprince, frequentremonstrancesleadtodisgrace.Betweenfriends, frequent reproofs makethefriendship distant/*BOOK V. KUNG-YECHANGChap. l. 1. The Master said of Kung-yeCh'ang that he might be wived; althoughhewasputin bonds, hehadnotbeenguiltyof anycrime. Accordingly, he gave him his owndaughterto wife."2. OfNanYunghesaidthatifthecountrywere well governed he would not beoutofoffice, and if it were ill governed, hewouldescape punishmentanddisgrace. Hegavehimthedaughterofhis ownelder brother to wife."ffe mCONFUCIANANALECTS&Chap. if. The Master said of Tsze-chien,"Ofsuperior virtue indeed is sucha men! Ifthere werenotvirtuousmenin Lu, howcouldthismanhaveacquiredthis character?"Chap, in. Tsze-ung asked, "What doyousay ofme, Ts'ze?" TheMastersaid,"Youarea utensil." "What utensil?" A gemmedsacrificial utensil."mm*1.10Jtt;im a.-*0,R/fl,AfiiChap. iv. 1. Someonesaid, "Yungistrulyvirtuous, but-he is not ready withhistongue."2. The Mastersaid, "Whatis thegoodefbeing ready with the tongue? They wTiaencountermen withsmartnesses ofspeechfoethe mostpart procure themselves hatred. Iknownotwhetherhebetrulyvirtuous, butwhyshould he showreadinessofthetongue?"Chap. v. The Master was wishing Ch'i-tiaoKai-to enter on official employment. Hereplied, "I am not yet able to rest in theassurance ofTHIS." The Masterwaspleased.30CONFUCIANANALECTSggChap. VI. The Master said,"My doctrinesmakenoway. I will get upon a raft,andfloat abouton thesea. Hethatwillaccompanyme will be \ru, 1 dare to say."Tsze-luhearingthis wasglad, upon which the Mastersaid, "Yuis fonder of daringthan I am. Hedoesnotexercise his judgmentupon matters."Chap. VU. 1 Mang Wuaskedabout Tsze-lu,whetherhewasperfectly virtuous. The Mastersaid, "I donot know."2. Heaskedagain,whentheMasterreplied,"In a kingdom of a thousand chariots, Yumight be employed to manage the militarylevies, but I do npt know whetherhe beperfectly virtuous."3.uAndwhatdoyousayofCh'iu?" TheMasterreplied,uInacityof athousandfamilies,oraclan ofa hundred/ charipts, Ch'iu mightbeemployedas governor, but I do not knowwhether he is perfectly virtuous."4. "What do yousayof Chih?"TheMasterreplied, "Withhis sash girt andstandiug in acourt, Ch4h mightbe employedio conversewiththe visitorsandguests,butIdonotknowjggCONFUCIANANALECTS 3iwhetherheisperfectly virtuous."Chap. Yin. 1. TheMastersaidtoTsze-kungy"Whichdoyouconsider superior, yourself oeHui?"2. Tsze-kungreplied,uHowdare I comparemyselfwithHui? Hui bears one point and*knowsallabouta subject; I hear one pointand knowasecond."3. TheMastersaid, "Youarenotequaltahim.I grant you, youarenotequalio him."Chap. ix. 1. Tsai Yu being asleep duringthe daytime, the Mastersaid, "Rotten woodcannotbe carved; awall of dirty earth willnotreceivethetrowel. ThisYu!what is theuse of myreprovinghim?"2. The Master said, "At first,mywaywith menwas to heartheirwords,andgivethemcredit for their conduct. Nowmywayis toheartheir words, and lookat their conduct.Itis from Yu that I have learnedto makethischange.",* CONFUCIANANALECTS jS PH.Chap x. TheMastersaid,UI havenotseen afirm and unbending man.'' Some one rep-lied,uThere is Shan Ch'ang." "Ch'ang,"said the Master, "is underthe influence of hispassions;howcanhebe pronounced firm andunbending?"Chap XI. Tsze-kung said, "WhatIdo notwish mentodoto me, Ialso wishnot todoto men." The Mastersaid, "Ts'ze, you havenotattained to that."Chap. xii. Tsze-kung said, "The Master'spersonaldisplaysofhisprinciples andordinarydescriptions of them may be heard. Hisdiscoursesabout'mans nature, andthewayofHeaven, cannotbe heard."Chap XIII. When Tsze-lu heard anything,if he hadnot yet succeeded in carrying it intopractice, hewasonlyafraidlestheshouldhearsomethingelse.CONFUCIANANALECTS33Chap. XIV. Tsze-kung asked, saying, '"Onwhat ground did Kung-wan get thattitle ofWAN?"TheMastersaid, "He wasof anactivenatureand yet fond of learning, and he wasnotashamedtoaskand learnofhisinferiors!Onthese groundshe has been styledWAN."Chap. xv. The Master said of Tsze-chlanthat he had four of the characteristics of asuperiormanin his conduct of himself, hewas humble; in serving his superior,hewasrespectful; in nourishing the people, he waskind; in orderingthe people, hewasjust."Chap. xvi. The Master said, "Yen P'ingknew well how to maintain friendly inter-course. Theacquaintancemightbe long, butheshowedthesamerespect asatfirst."Chap. xvu. The Master said, "Tsang Waakepta largetortoise in a houseonthecapitalsofthe pillars ofwhich hehadhills made,withrepresentations ofduckweedonthe small pil-larsabove thebeamssupportingtherafters.Ofwhatsort washis wisdom?"teCONFUCIANANALECTSChap. XVUI. 1 Tsze-chang asked, saying."Theminister Tsze-wanthrice took office,andmanifested nojoy in bis countenance. Thricehe retired from office, and manifested no dis-pleasure. Hemade it a point to informthenew minister ofthe way in which he hadconductedthe government;whatdo you sayof him?" TheMasterreplied, "Hewasloyal.'"Was he perfectly virtuous?" "I do notknow. Howcanhebe pronounced perfectlyvirtuous?"2. Tsze-eliang proceeded,"WhentheofficerCh'ui killed the prince of Chli,Chlan Wan,though he was the owner of-forty horses,abandonedthemandleftthe country. Comingto another state, he said,4Theyare here likeour great officer, Oh'ui,'andleftit. He cameto asecond state, andwith the same observa-tion left it also;what do yon say of him?"The Master replied, "He was pure." "Was-he perfectly virtuous?" "I do not know.Howcan hebepronouncedperfectlyvirtuous?"mCONFUCIANANALECTSS5Chap. XXX, Chi Wan thought thrice,