teach yourself greek
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teachyourself greekgoalall-round confidence
content learn to speak, understand and write greek progress quickly beyond the basics explore the language in depth
For over 60 years, more than50 million people have learnt over750 subjects the teach yourselfway, with impressive results.
be where you want to bewith teach yourself
For UK order enquiries: please contact Bookpoint Ltd, 130 Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon,OX14 4SB. Telephone: +44 (0) 1235 827720. Fax: +44 (0) 1235 400454. Lines are open09.00-17.00, Monday to saturday, with a 24-hour message answering service. Detailsabout our titles and how to order are available at www.teachyourself.co.ukFor USA order enquiries: please contact McGraw-Hili Customer Services, PO Box 545,Blacklick, OH 43004-0545, USA. Telephone: 1-800-722-4726. Fax: 1-614-755-5645.For canada order enquiries: please contact McGraw-Hili Ryerson Ltd, 300 Water St,Whitby, Ontario, L1N 9B6, canada. Telephone: 905 430 5000. Fax: 905 430 5020.Long renowned as the authoritative source for self-guided leaming - with more than50 million copies sold worldwide - the leach yourself series includes over 500 titles in thefields of languages, crafts, hobbies, business, computing and education.British Library cata.loguing in Publication Data.:a catalogue record for this title is availablefrom the British Library.Library of Congress cata.log card Number: on file.First published in UK 1997 by Hodder Education, 338 Euston Road, London, NW1 3BH.Rrst published in US 1997 by The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc.This edition published 2003.The leach yourself name is a registered trade mark of Hodder Headline.Copyright 1997, 2003 Aristarhos MatsukasIn UK: All rights reserved. Apart from any permitted use under UK copyright law, no partof this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information, storage andretrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or under licence fromthe Copyright Licensing Agency Limited. Further details of such licences (for reprographicreproduction) may be obtained from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited, of 90Tottenham Court Road, London, WH 4LP.In US:All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by anymeans, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission ofthe publisher.Typeset by Transet Limited, Coventry, England.Prinled in Great Britain for Hodder Education, a division of Hodder Headline, 338 EustonRoad, London, NW1 3BH, by Cox & Wyman Ltd, Reading, Berkshire.The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for extemal websitesreferred to in this book are correct and active at the time of going to press. However, thepublisher and the author have no responsibility for the websites and can make noguarantee that a site will remain live or that the content will remain relevant, decent orappropriate.Hodder Headline's policy is to use papers that are natural, renewable and recyclableproducts and made from wood grown in sustainable forests. The logging andmanufacturing processes are expected to conform to the environmental regulations of thecountry of origin.Impression number 10Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
Introduction 1how to use this book 2pronunciation gUide 601 V&laoou! hi! 17
ask for and give personal information;introduce people; use Greek greetings
02 TI KOV&U;;how are you doing? 33engage in 'small talk'; enquire about eachother's health; converse about common dailyactivities; talk about what jobs people have;count from 1-10
03 tAa va n10UIl&tva OU~KI!let's have a glass of ouzo! 47
order drinks; ask for local drinks;count from 11-20
04 KaAI\OP&~'l!bon appelit! 61order food in a restaurant; ask for localspecialities; enquire about Greek eating habits;count from 21-100
05 revision test 1 7606 nou &ival '1AKpOnoA'l;
where is the Acropolis? 82ask for directions; understand simpleinstructions; find your way around;count from 101-1 000
vi 07 KaAa Ta~i61!have a nice trip! 99 key to the exercises 239 vii(') make travel arrangements; find out about glossary of grammatical terms 253 g0
public transport; purchase tickets and make 257a grammar summary ~CD S'~ reservations; tell the time; count from index of grammatical terms and thematic vocabulary 269 ~..en
1000-10000 Greek history timeline 27108 &X&T&6wlloTla; do you have any rooms? 115 Greek language timeline 273
enquire about rooms; make hotel reservations; taking it further 277check in or check out; explain a problem with English-Greek glossary 279your room Greek-English glossary 297
09 9tAT& TinoTa; how can I help you? 131buy things; enquire about prices; statepreferences; name fruit and vegetables; namecolours
10 revision test 2 15011 tAa; nOI0C;ival; hello! who is it? 157
make telephone calls; make arrangements tomeet someone; suggest what to do and whereto meet; talk about business plans
12 ixa tva Tpollpa novoKtcpaAo!I had a terrible headache! 172
express feelings; talk to a doctor; ask forremedies; name different professions; namedifferent sports
13 TI Kalpa &KaV; what was the weather like? 189talk about the weather; use expressions of time;get the gist of a weather forecast; name themonths and seasons
14 nou n~yaT&yla noaxa;where did you go for Easter? 210
use appropriate language at a social function;express wishes or congratulations; expressopinions and state preferences; describe pastevents
15 revision test 3 230
[ viii 1
~o:c Special thanks for this new edition go to Rebecca Green, GinnyCatmur and Sue Hart, my editors at Hodder & Stoughton; also to mystudents in New York City, Athens, and now in Berlin who have_ shown me over the years what is important and fun when learningCD Modem Greek.C.ceCD3CD~tn
Welcome to Teach Yourself Greek!
This is a course designed for learners with no previous knowledgeof Greek; it can also be used by students with some previousknowledge of Greek to revise and consolidate their language skills.Whatever your aims in using this book, you can learn at your ownpace and to the level you need. By the end of the course you shouldbe able to communicate in most everyday situations, while visitingGreece.
The language you will learn in this book is that of everyday life inGreece, so you can familiarize yourself with Greek people, theircustoms, the climate and the country.
The emphasis is on the communicative aspect of the language; fITstjust try to get the gist of the dialogues, bearing in mind the nameof the unit. There are many phrases in the fITst four units (designedas a 'survival package' - a basic introduction to the language youneed in Greece) which are best learned as phrases. You will meetthe grammar explaining the structure of the phrases in later units.
This book will teach you the standard spoken language used todayin Greece. It's called demotic meaning 'popular' or 'everyday'language, as opposed to katharevousa, a form of Modem Greek,which is almost extinct. For a fuller explanation of the history ofthe Greek language, turn to page 273.
You already know a lot of GreekAccording to Aristides Konstantinides' book Greek Words in theEnglish Language there are 45,729 Greek words in English!
As you work through this course, you will become increasinglyaware of Greek loan words in English although sometimes, you
have to stretch your imagination and bend the odd pronunciation ruleto spot them. Here are some fIrst examples of loan words: problem,music, politics, idea, programme, system. Have a go at the Similaror different exercises in the Practice section of each unit. There areat least ten words in these exercises throughout this book that testyour ability to make associations between what you already knowand what you are learning. These associations can sometimes bedifficult to detect: for example the words puOo~ (myth), pttpo(metre) and 1tEpiooo~ (period) are easily detected once you know theGreek alphabet, but the word PtPAio (book) does not carry animmediate association, although bibliography does.
You might be relieved to know that there are a large number ofEnglish loan words in Greek too, for example complex, stress andcamping. Many sports are also identical in both languages, forinstance tennis and volleyball. New technology has also introducedmany terms in Greek: computer, fax, and email are a few examples.In Greece many signs are in English, including the street sign for'stop', the sign 'we' for public toilets, and even 'P' for car parks.Sometimes, there is a Greek word for these words, but the Englishword is generally used in everyday language.
Read the introduction in English at the beginning of each dialoguebefore you read, or listen to, the dialogue. The dialogues marked withD are on the recording which accompanies this book. To developgood pronunciation, you are strongly advised to use the recording asmuch as possible.
Study the dialogue and the vocabulary after the dialogue. Words fromall units can be found in the Greek-English glossary at the end ofthe book.
In the Language notes section you will fInd explanations of the newmaterial, as well as useful facts connected with the subject matter ofthe dialogues. There are also many new words in this section.Learning these words is extremely important since vocabulary is thebackbone of any language - as well as extremely useful whenvisiting Greece or talking to Greek people elsewhere.