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  • Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-variant)

    Total Male FemaleWorld 1 6 056 715 3 051 099 3 005 616 102

    Afghanistan 21 765 11 227 10 538 107Albania 3 134 1 603 1 531 105Algeria 30 291 15 346 14 945 103Angola 13 134 6 499 6 635 98Argentina 37 032 18 163 18 868 96Armenia 3 787 1 834 1 953 94Australia 2 19 138 9 529 9 608 99Austria 8 080 3 942 4 138 95Azerbaijan 8 041 3 959 4 082 97Bahamas 304 150 154 97Bahrain 640 368 272 135Bangladesh 137 439 70 858 66 582 106Barbados 267 130 138 94Belarus 10 187 4 746 5 441 87Belgium 10 249 5 020 5 229 96Belize 226 115 112 103Benin 6 272 3 092 3 180 97Bhutan 2 085 1 054 1 032 102Bolivia 8 329 4 144 4 185 99Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 977 1 968 2 009 98Botswana 1 541 755 787 96Brazil 170 406 84 169 86 238 98Brunei Darussalam 328 173 156 111Bulgaria 7 949 3 864 4 086 95Burkina Faso 11 535 5 576 5 959 94Burundi 6 356 3 088 3 268 94Cambodia 13 104 6 389 6 715 95Cameroon 14 876 7 405 7 471 99Canada 30 757 15 229 15 527 98Cape Verde 427 199 228 87Central African Republic 3 717 1 811 1 907 95Chad 7 885 3 900 3 985 98Channel Islands 144 70 74 95Chile 15 211 7 531 7 680 98China 1 275 133 655 702 619 431 106China, Hong Kong SAR 3 6 860 3 491 3 369 104China, Macao SAR 4 444 217 227 96Colombia 42 105 20 786 21 319 98Comoros 706 354 352 100Congo 3 018 1 478 1 540 96Costa Rica 4 024 2 040 1 983 103Cte d'Ivoire 16 013 8 206 7 807 105Croatia 4 654 2 253 2 401 94Cuba 11 199 5 611 5 588 100Cyprus 784 391 393 100Czech Republic 10 272 4 995 5 276 95Dem. Peoples's Rep. of Korea 22 268 11 179 11 090 101Dem. Rep. of the Congo 50 948 25 245 25 703 98Denmark 5 320 2 633 2 687 98Djibouti 632 297 335 89Dominican Republic 8 373 4 254 4 119 103East Timor 737 381 356 107Ecuador 12 646 6 350 6 296 101Egypt 67 884 34 364 33 521 103El Salvador 6 278 3 082 3 196 96Equatorial Guinea 457 225 231 97Eritrea 3 659 1 817 1 842 99Estonia 1 393 649 745 87Ethiopia 62 908 31 259 31 649 99

    Population (000) Sex ratio (males per 100 females)

    Country or area*

    23

  • Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-fertility variant)

    Total Male FemalePopulation (000) Sex ratio (males

    per 100 females)Country or area*

    Fiji 814 414 400 103Finland 5 172 2 523 2 649 95France 59 238 28 856 30 382 95French Guiana 165 85 80 106French Polynesia 233 121 113 107Gabon 1 230 609 621 98Gambia 1 303 644 658 98Georgia 5 262 2 512 2 750 91Germany 82 017 40 148 41 869 96Ghana 19 306 9 613 9 692 99Greece 10 610 5 230 5 380 97Guadeloupe 428 209 219 95Guam 155 80 75 108Guatemala 11 385 5 741 5 645 102Guinea 8 154 4 102 4 052 101Guinea-Bissau 1 199 591 608 97Guyana 761 369 392 94Haiti 8 142 3 989 4 153 96Honduras 6 417 3 230 3 187 101Hungary 9 968 4 756 5 212 91Iceland 279 140 139 101India 1 008 937 520 312 488 626 106Indonesia 212 092 106 379 105 713 101Iran (Islamic Republic of) 70 330 35 998 34 332 105Iraq 22 946 11 666 11 280 103Ireland 3 803 1 890 1 913 99Israel 6 040 2 980 3 060 97Italy 57 530 27 902 29 628 94Jamaica 2 576 1 270 1 307 97Japan 127 096 62 212 64 884 96Jordan 4 913 2 554 2 359 108Kazakhstan 16 172 7 844 8 329 94Kenya 30 669 15 273 15 396 99Kuwait 1 914 1 115 800 139Kyrgyzstan 4 921 2 413 2 508 96Lao People's Dem. Republic 5 279 2 636 2 643 100Latvia 2 421 1 116 1 305 86Lebanon 3 496 1 711 1 786 96Lesotho 2 035 1 009 1 026 98Liberia 2 913 1 465 1 448 101Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 5 290 2 741 2 549 108Lithuania 3 696 1 743 1 953 89Luxembourg 437 215 222 97Madagascar 15 970 7 943 8 028 99Malawi 11 308 5 617 5 692 99Malaysia 22 218 11 255 10 964 103Maldives 291 149 142 105Mali 11 351 5 624 5 727 98Malta 390 193 197 98Martinique 383 186 198 94Mauritania 2 665 1 321 1 344 98Mauritius 5 1 161 579 583 99Mexico 98 872 48 926 49 946 98Mongolia 2 533 1 268 1 265 100Morocco 29 878 14 964 14 914 100Mozambique 18 292 9 042 9 251 98Myanmar 47 749 23 729 24 020 99Namibia 1 757 868 889 98Nepal 23 043 11 811 11 232 105Netherlands 15 864 7 862 8 002 98Netherlands Antilles 215 104 112 93

    24

  • Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-fertility variant)

    Total Male FemalePopulation (000) Sex ratio (males

    per 100 females)Country or area*

    New Caledonia 215 110 105 105New Zealand 3 778 1 861 1 917 97Nicaragua 5 071 2 523 2 548 99Niger 10 832 5 459 5 373 102Nigeria 113 862 57 383 56 479 102Norway 4 469 2 213 2 256 98Occupied Palestinian Terr. 3 191 1 622 1 569 103Oman 2 538 1 347 1 191 113Pakistan 141 256 72 622 68 634 106Panama 2 856 1 441 1 415 102Papua New Guinea 4 809 2 507 2 303 109Paraguay 5 496 2 772 2 725 102Peru 25 662 12 726 12 935 98Philippines 75 653 38 092 37 561 101Poland 38 605 18 761 19 844 95Portugal 10 016 4 819 5 197 93Puerto Rico 3 915 1 885 2 030 93Qatar 565 366 199 184Republic of Korea 46 740 23 522 23 218 101Republic of Moldova 4 295 2 054 2 242 92Reunion 721 352 369 96Romania 22 438 10 977 11 461 96Russian Federation 145 491 68 130 77 361 88Rwanda 7 609 3 765 3 844 98Saint Lucia 148 72 75 96Samoa 159 83 75 111Saudi Arabia 20 346 10 872 9 474 115Senegal 9 421 4 697 4 723 99Sierra Leone 4 405 2 165 2 239 97Singapore 4 018 2 023 1 995 101Slovakia 5 399 2 625 2 773 95Slovenia 1 988 966 1 022 95Solomon Islands 447 230 217 106Somalia 8 778 4 358 4 420 99South Africa 43 309 21 323 21 986 97Spain 39 910 19 511 20 400 96Sri Lanka 18 924 9 718 9 206 106Sudan 31 095 15 639 15 457 101Suriname 417 207 210 98Swaziland 925 456 469 97Sweden 8 842 4 375 4 467 98Switzerland 7 170 3 546 3 624 98Syrian Arab Republic 16 189 8 200 7 988 103Tajikistan 6 087 3 032 3 055 99TFYR Macedonia 6 2 034 1 017 1 017 100Thailand 62 806 31 078 31 728 98Togo 4 527 2 248 2 279 99Trinidad and Tobago 1 294 644 651 99Tunisia 9 459 4 776 4 682 102Turkey 66 668 33 676 32 992 102Turkmenistan 4 737 2 345 2 393 98Uganda 23 300 11 625 11 676 100Ukraine 49 568 23 019 26 549 87United Arab Emirates 2 606 1 722 884 195United Kingdom 59 415 29 242 30 173 97United Republic of Tanzania 35 119 17 422 17 697 98United States of America 283 230 139 655 143 575 97Uruguay 3 337 1 619 1 718 94Uzbekistan 24 881 12 357 12 524 99Vanuatu 197 101 96 105Venezuela 24 170 12 161 12 009 101

    25

  • Table 1. Total population by sex and sex ratio, by country, 2000 (medium-fertility variant)

    Total Male FemalePopulation (000) Sex ratio (males

    per 100 females)Country or area*

    Viet Nam 78 137 38 938 39 199 99Western Sahara 252 125 127 99Yemen 18 349 9 142 9 207 99Yugoslavia 10 552 5 248 5 305 99Zambia 10 421 5 236 5 185 101Zimbabwe 12 627 6 315 6 313 100

    Source: United Nations Population Division.

    2 Including Christmas Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island.3As of July 1st 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.4As of December 20th 1999, Macao became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.5 Including Agalega, Rodrigues and St. Brandon.6 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.* Countries or areas with 140,000 persons or more in 2000.

    1 The world population includes the population of all countries and areas including those with less than 140,000 persons.

    26

  • 1950 2000 2015 2025 2050

    World 2 519 495 6 056 715 7 207 361 7 936 741 9 322 251

    Afghanistan 8 151 21 765 35 577 45 193 72 267Albania 1 215 3 134 3 439 3 676 3 905Algeria 8 753 30 291 38 022 42 738 51 180American Samoa 19 68 104 129 172Andorra 4 86 146 181 193Angola 4 131 13 134 20 795 28 213 53 328Anguilla 5 11 16 19 23Antigua and Barbuda 46 65 68 70 73Argentina 17 150 37 032 43 498 47 160 54 522Armenia 1 354 3 787 3 808 3 736 3 150Aruba 57 101 157 194 242Australia 1 8 219 19 138 21 910 23 523 26 502Austria 6 935 8 080 7 848 7 605 6 452Azerbaijan 2 896 8 041 8 725 9 076 8 897Bahamas 79 304 359 393 449Bahrain 116 640 793 887 1 008Bangladesh 41 783 137 439 183 159 210 823 265 432Barbados 211 267 281 285 263Belarus 7 745 10 187 9 664 9 335 8 305Belgium 8 639 10 249 10 272 10 205 9 583Belize 69 226 287 324 392Benin 2 046 6 272 9 448 11 992 18 070Bermuda 37 63 69 73 79Bhutan 734 2 085 3 070 3 843 5 569Bolivia 2 714 8 329 11 218 13 131 16 966Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 661 3 977 4 279 4 165 3 458Botswana 389 1 541 1 694 1 826 2 109Brazil 53 975 170 406 201 393 218 980 247 244British Virgin Islands 6 24 32 35 39Brunei Darussalam 48 328 417 473 565Bulgaria 7 251 7 949 6 816 6 125 4 531Burkina Faso 3 960 11 535 18 509 25 227 46 304Burundi 2 456 6 356 9 835 12 390 20 218Cambodia 4 346 13 104 18 585 22 310 29 883Cameroon 4 466 14 876 20 226 23 986 32 284Canada 13 737 30 757 34 419 36 717 40 407Cape Verde 146 427 567 647 807Cayman Islands 6 38 59 72 89Central African Republic 1 314 3 717 4 877 5 886 8 195Chad 2 658 7 885 12 376 16 383 27 732Channel Islands 102 144 143 139 120Chile 6 082 15 211 17 912 19 548 22 215China 554 760 1 275 133 1 410 217 1 470 787 1 462 058China, Hong Kong SAR 2 1 974 6 860 8 025 8 678 9 648China, Macao SAR 3 190 444 499 529 527Colombia 12

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