sudan by: liz rapstine. sudan sudan landforms 5 largest cities

Download SUDAN By: Liz Rapstine. Sudan Sudan Landforms 5 largest cities

Post on 20-Jan-2016




0 download

Embed Size (px)



SudanBy: Liz Rapstine




5 largest cities

Historic sites

Jebel Barkal: The Sacred Mountain

* In ancient times, it was a holy mountain abode the God of Amon.Historic Sites

Jebel Marra: The second highest country with water falls and volcanic lakes

Arusa: A tourist city, in Northern Port Sudan, alternative diving center.

Outdoor Activities

Randoum National Park

Western part of SudanSanganeb : A marine National Park by the Red Sea.


The red stripe represents Sudan's struggle for independence and many other struggles, and the sacrifices of the country's martyrsThe white represents peace, light and optimism. It also represents the White Flag League which was a nationalist group that rose up against colonial rule in 1924. The black represents Sudan; in Arabic 'Sudan' means black. It also represents the black flag of nationalists who fought colonial rule during the Kimokino Revolution, late in 19th centuryGreen represents Islam, agriculture and the prosperity of the land.

Summary Sudan is in Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea. It has 853 km of coastline, and the terrain is generally flat, featureless plains; with mountains in far south, northeast and west; and desert dominates the north.

Climate The climate is tropical in south; arid desert in north, and rainy season varies by region (April to November

TransportationArts and culture

National Museum of Sudan- The largest museum in the world.

Arts and cultureThis museum is located in Omdurman near Al-Mahdi's Tomb. It derived its name from the Khalifa Abdellah Al-Ta'aishi, the successor of Imam Mohamed Ahmed Al-Mahdi, who was officially residing at the very same place.

Top 3 languagesArabic (official)English (official)Sudanic languages(Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic)Food As for the south, a popular dish is a stew named (Kajaik), which is cooked of dried fish. It is added to the porridge, which is common throughout Sudan, (Aseeda) is made of sorghum. Sometimes natural margarine is added to the mixture.

Northern Sudan is known for its simple cuisine, wheat flour has still remained the staple food for the people of the north who use it in making their main dish (Gourrassa).

Food Moukhbaza

Mostly dairy products

In the west, each tribal group had adopted different forms of food that are basically very simple. Milk and diary products are a fundamental component to the majority of the people.In the east, the most popular dish is the (Moukhbaza), which is made of banana paste. This part is greatly influenced by the Ethiopian taste and cuisineAdditional informationType of government-Government of National Unity - the National Congress Party and Sudan People's Liberation Movement formed a power-sharing government under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement; the NCP, which came to power by military coup in 1989, is the majority partner; the agreement stipulated national elections in 2009, but these were subsequently rescheduled; elections took place in April 2010 and the NCP was elected as the majority party; due to the CPA stipulations, there is also an autonomous government in Southern Sudan where SPLM holds the majority of positions.

Natural hazards Dust storms and periodic persistent droughtsLife Expectancy Average: 55 years oldReligion, imports, and exportsSunni Muslim 70% (in north) Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)indigenous beliefs 25%Exports: oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugarImports: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles, wheat

Ethnic groups black 52% Arab 39% Beja 6%foreigners 2%Other 1%