stages of history , in the region of murcia
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DESCRIPTIONStages of history , in the Region of Murcia. Lorena Mateo 2ºB. Prehistory. Paleolithic. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
PaleolithicThe human remains of greatest importance in the region come from the Mousterian or medium Palaeolithic, in which the Neanderthal man dominated, with deposits of the stature of the Sima of the Pigeons of the Cabezo Gordo (in Torre Pacheco); with materials ranging from the 150,000 to 35,000 BC, 2 or sets earlier in the Strait of the Incarnation in Caravaca (known as Cueva Negra), where experts had the certainty of being one of oldest Europe three stations with age .Black Cave in Caravaca
NeoliticIn the 5th Millennium a. C. you can place the Neolitic in the region thanks to deposits of the dry cave (Yecla), los Grajos Barranco (Cieza), (Moratalla) or the Cajitn Hondo (Mule).A few thousand years later, both the agricultural and livestock techniques were spread across the entire area, which led to the sedentarisation of its inhabitants, something visible in fields of Los Tollos (Mazarrn) or birds (Cartagena), while Los Tiesos (Jumilla) was used as a burial place from new until the age of Bronze.
Metal AgesThe best-known in the region is Bagil, in Moratalla. However stands out as one of the largest burials sites of Spain, discovered in 2007 in the path of the Molino in Caravaca, which housed the incredible amount of 1,300 individuals, deposited in a bent position and with a poor regalia, 11 (the deposit date between the 2,400 and 1,950 BC).
Bronze age / Iron age They have come to count up to 220 villages of the same culture in the region of Murcia, dated between 2000 and 1,100 a. C.12 agreeing the building height, such as the Almoloya (specifications), Cabezo of Adders (Mazarron), Hill of the vineyards (Coy, Lorca), .Some have walls and towers, which demonstrates the advanced concept of urbanism in this culture. As already noted, the passage of the end bronze to iron age in the region of Murcia is lacking in studies, despite deposits such as El Castellar (Librilla) or wheel Cabezo (sewer). The reason is that in the time in which the iron metallurgy acquired some importance on the Levantine coast landed merchants Phoenician and later Greek.Hill of the vineyards in LorcaCabezo de Alcantarilla wheel
CarthaginiansIn the year 227 BC, the Carthaginian general HASDRUBAL, belonging to the Brquida family, founded a city in the Iberian Southeast, located in an exceptional and sheltered bay. It was capable of housing a fleet anchored safely and very close to the mining mountains that had already been appreciated at the time of the Phoenicians. Thus was born Qart-Hadast (Carthage in Phoenician language), in memory of the North African capital and birthplace of AsdrubalRemains of the Punic wall of Cartago Nova
RomansVillas of farming and livestock and coastal regions where canning factories that were established and produced garum (a type of fish sauce). There are archaeological remains of these villages and factories in the Torrejones (Yecla), La Alberca, Villaricos (Mule), the Cinquain (Lorca), Los Cipreses (Jumilla), Mazarrn and guilas.Mula villaricos
Goths and ByzantinesAfter the Visigothic reconquest of Carthago Spartaria (Cartagena), the city began to decline.Orihuela, a territory occupied by the present region of Murcia; the province of Alicante (complete); Castell de Rugat (Valencia, and some doubt until Jativa, Xativa); half of the province of Albacete (from Elche de la Sierra to Chinchilla de Monte-Aragn); the Almeria Vlez; Huercal of Granada and part of Jan. To avoid any another invasion by sea, the Visigoths formed a military province whose capital was Lorca. This generated a great stability in the territory, which contrasted with the rest of the peninsula, which was in the midst of civil war as the result of the Visigothic Crown.Begastro site
MuslimsWith the arrival of the Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula, he agreed with them the delivery of major cities of that territory to change that respect the lives and properties of its inhabitants in exchange of the payment of an annual tax. The Pact was signed in April 713 between Theodemir and Abd al - Aziz ibn Musa (son of the Christian Chronicles Muza moro) and comprised seven cities included Orihuela, Lorca, Mula, Alicante, Begastri and others that offer questions to specialists, which some identify with Elche, Valencia, or the ancient Roman Ilunum. The signing of this Pact resulted in a territory with total autonomy (except for the payment of taxes and the obligation to deliver more traitors).Muslim site of the brokers in Marcn
Christian Reconquista: the Kingdom of MurciaThe King Jaime II of Aragon had begun to conquer the Kingdom of Murcia in 1296, offered by Ferdinand de la Cerda to the King in exchange of their support against the infant heir to the throne of Castile, Ferdinand IV.Alicante was conquered in April, after a stiff resistance of the Castle alcazaba, Nicolau Peris took Guardamar with the support of the fleet, he negotiated with Don Juan Manuel, Lord of Elche and advance the Kingdom, continuing towards Orihuela and Murcia, which capitulated, like the rest of the murcian huerta. Alhama de Murcia was not surrendered until the 1298.The conquest was facilitated by the abundant population of Aragonese origin, although it was opposed by the Castilian garrisons of the castles and the Bishop of Cartagena. A second campaign to Murcia took place in 1298, occupying Alhama de Murcia, and 21 December 1300 capitulated Lorca. In June 1300 James II incorporated the lordship of Albarracn to the Crown of Aragon. Both Castile and Aragon needed peace and signed the Treaty of Torrellas in 1304 and subsequently modifying the Treaty of Elche (1305), permanently changing the borders between Castile and Aragon, laid down in the Treaty of Almizra (1244), incorporated into the Crown of Aragon, namely the Kingdom of Valencia, the Comarques of Vinalop Valley, the Alacant and the Vega Baja del Segura.medieval castle in Moratalla.
Once the peninsula had been reconquered, and after the unification of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, the Kingdom of Murcia entered a period of prosperity which resulted in a notable increasing in its population. The factors that led to this development were the rise of industry of silk, the mining of Cartagena and Mazarrn and improvement of agriculture.The region has several examples of religious architecture from Renaissance such as the Church and convent of San Esteban (in Murcia), are the first level of the Tower of the Cathedral of Murcia or the Collegiate Church of St Patrick (in Lorca), done by Jernimo Quijano.The Collegiate Church of Saint Patrick in Lorca
Bilbiografahttp://www.lorca.es/ http://www.turismorural.com/Ficha_Inf_Turistica.aspx?ID=8882&len_ap=002 http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://sobremurcia.com/