SOIL TESTING LABORATORY - Birsa Agricultural ?· SOIL TESTING LABORATORY Department of Soil Science…

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  • SOIL TESTING LABORATORY Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry

    Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi-834006

    1.0: Profile

    The prestigious department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry came into being

    in 1955 as an integral part and founder department of Ranchi Agriculture College, under Ranchi

    University. Later this College came under the administrative control of Rajendra Agricultural

    University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar from 3rd

    December, 1970. In June, 1981 Birsa Agricultural

    University came into existence

    Soil testing service in India began in 1955-56 with the soil testing laboratory at IARI as the hub

    to coordinate with all the other soil testing laboratories in the country. This laboratory act as

    Nodal Soil Testing Laboratory for Soil and Plant Analysis is well known among research and

    extension agencies, and farmers for its advanced facilities, reliability of analysis, and an efficient

    advisory service.

    2.0: Why soil testing is done?

    A To estimate available nutrients in soil.

    B To evaluate fertility status of soil.

    C To recommendation exact amount of fertilizers for crop.

    D To determine soil problems (acidity, alkalinity).

    E To check soil pollution status.

    F To prepare soil fertility maps.

    3.0: Objectives of Soil Testing

    To estimate the physical properties and available nutrient status (macro, secondary and

    micro-nutrients) of soils.

    To provide soil test based recommendations to farmers for improving soil fertility and

    economic return to farmers.

    To facilitate and promote use of soil amendments for reclamation of acidic/alkaline soils

    for improving their fertility and crop productivity.

  • To facilitate and promote Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) through judicious use

    of chemical fertilizers, including secondary and micro nutrients along with organic

    manures and bio-fertilizers, for improving soil health and its productivity.

    To promote use of micro nutrients for improving crop productivity.

    To upgrade the skill and knowledge of STL/Extension staff and farmers and their

    capacity building through training and demonstration including demonstration on farmers

    fields regarding benefits of balanced use of fertilizers.

    Creation of data bank for balanced use of fertilizers, which is site specific.

    Preparation of digital district soil maps (using Global Positioning System) and soil

    fertility monitoring system.

    4.0: Facilities available

    The laboratory has the capacity of testing around 10,000 samples in a year. The target for testing

    of NPK only is 80% of the total sample and for micronutrients it will be 20 % of the total

    sample.

    The Laboratory has advanced analytical facilities including ICP-MS , Atomic Absorption

    Spectrophotometer (AAS), Spectrophotometer, Flame Photometer, N-Analyzer etc. The

    Laboratory offers soil, plant, and irrigation water analysis services to the farmers and other

    clients. A regular Advanced Level Training on different aspects of Soil Plant Analysis and

    Water Quality Assessment is going on for the scientific and technical personnel associated with

    soil testing.

    5.0: Elements to be Analyzed

    While carrying out the complete analysis of soil, following categories of elements are normally

    determined:

    1. N, P, K (Major nutrients)

    2. Ca, Mg, S (Secondary nutrients)

    3. Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn and B(Micro nutrients)

    4. Heavy metals like Pb and Ni

    Besides these nutrients soil are also analyzed for following properties.

    1. pH

    2. Electrical Conductivity

    3. Organic carbon

    6.0: Services offered :

    Soil and plant testing for macro and micronutrients.

    Irrigation water quality assessment.

    Manure analysis for total nutrient content for research purpose only.

    Soil and plant analysis for heavy metals and pollutant elements.

    Advisory on balanced fertilizer use.

  • Advisory on management of problem soils.

    7.0: Soil Testing Charge : 1. N, P, K (Major nutrients) @ Rs 100 per parameter per sample

    2. Ca, Mg, S (Secondary nutrients) @ Rs 200 per parameter per sample

    3. Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn and B(Micro nutrients) @ Rs 200 per parameter per sample

    4. Heavy metals like Pb, Ni etc. @ Rs 200 per parameter per sample

    Besides these nutrients soil are also analyzed for following properties

    1. pH @ Rs 100 per sample

    2. Electrical Conductivity @ Rs 100 per sample

    3. Organic carbon @ Rs 100 per sample

    Note : Soil Sample received from Farmers will be tested FREE OF COST

    8.0: Equipments available The equipments available in the laboratory are mentioned below:

    1. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS)

    2. Spectrophotometer

    3. Flame Photometer

    4. Conductivity Meter

    5. pH Meter

    6. Shaking Apparatus

    7. Electronic Balance

    8. Analytical Balance/Top Loading Balance

    9. Drying Oven

    10. Computer with appropriate software

    11. GPS System with Mobile Phone

    12. Standby Generator/On line UPS

    9.0: Project in Operations

    S.

    N.

    Name of Project Year of

    Operation

    Collaboration Sponsored by

    1. Assessment & Mapping of

    Some Important Soil Parameters

    including Soil Acidity for the

    state of Jharkhand (1:50,000

    scale) towards Rational Land

    Use Plan

    2005-06

    Deptt. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi &

    NBSS & LUP,

    Kolkatta

    Deptt. of

    Agriculture & Cane

    Development, Govt.

    of Jharkhand

    2. Soil Nutrient Mapping at Block 2009-10 Deptt. of SSAC, Deptt. of

  • Level for Dumka, Jamtara,

    Ramgarh & Hazaribag District

    under RKVY Project

    to

    2012-13

    BAU, Ranchi &

    NBSS & LUP,

    Kolkatta

    Agriculture & Cane

    Development, Govt.

    of Jharkhand

    3. Strengthening of Analytical

    facilities for Soil Testing (ICP

    with Accessories)

    2009-10

    Deptt. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    Deptt. of

    Agriculture & Cane

    Development, Govt.

    of Jharkhand

    4. Strengthening of the existing

    Soil Testing Laboratory of BAU

    2015-16 Deptt. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    Deptt. of

    Agriculture & Cane

    Development, Govt.

    of Jharkhand

    10.0: Soil Testing Services & Revenue generation

    Year Soil samples received Soil sample

    analyzed

    Revenue generated

    (In Rs.)

    2000-01 3692 3692 -

    2001-02 3675 3675 -

    2002-03 4782 4782 -

    2003-04 5432 5432 -

    2004-05 7715 7715 -

    2005-06 5942 5942 -

    2006-07 3832 3832 -

    2007-08 5199 5199 -

    2008-09 6024 6024 -

    2009-10 7809 7809 1809000=00

    2010-11 10544 5455 1265150=00

    2011-12 8326 8326 -

    2012-13 9081 9081 825000=00

    2013-14 4853 4853 -

    2014-15 3307 3307 -

    2015-16 2538 2538 194400=00

    2016-17 3856 3856 260804=00

    Total 96607 96607 4354354=00

  • 11.0: Awareness Programmes for Farmers/Extension Personnel S.

    N.

    Year Programme Title No. of

    Program

    Venue Nos. of

    Farmers

    participate

    d

    1. 2006-07 Training Programme on Sustainable

    Soil, Water and Plant Nutrition

    Management for Rainfed Cropping

    System under ICAR NAE

    Programme

    12 12 KVKs of

    Jharkhand

    598

    2. 2007-08 Training Programme on Sustainable

    Soil, Water and Plant Nutrition

    Management for Rainfed Cropping

    System under ICAR NAE

    Programme

    22 20 KVKs & 2

    ATMAs of

    Jharkhand

    1256

    3. 2009-10 Soil, Water, Nutrient, Insect & Pest

    Management in Rainfed Farming

    System under ICAR NAE

    Programme

    20 20 KVKs of

    Jharkhand

    1126

    4. 2009-10 Soil, Water, Nutrient, Insect & Pest

    Management in Rainfed Farming

    System under ICAR NAE

    Programme

    02 2 ATMAs of

    Jharkhand

    120

    5. 2010-11 Soil, Water , Nutrient & Integrated

    Pest Management in Rainfed Farming

    System under ICAR NAE

    Programme

    20 20 KVKs of

    Jharkhand

    1300

    6. 2010-11 Soil, Water , Nutrient & Integrated

    Pest Management in Rainfed Farming

    System under ICAR NAE

    Programme

    04 2 ATMAs & 2

    DAOs of

    Jharkhand

    300

    7. 2012-13

    FS on Long Term Fertilizer

    Management at Gumla, Lohardaga &

    W. singhbhum District during Kharif

    under AICRP on ICAR Project

    02 Gumla,

    Lohardaga &

    W. Singhbhum

    District

    100

    8. 2012-13

    Kisan Goshti on effect of Long Term

    Use of fertilizer & Manure during

    Rabi under AICRP on ICAR Project

    01 Gumla,

    Lohardaga &

    W. Singhbhum

    District

    32

    9. 2013-14 FS on Long Term Fertilizer

    Management during Kharif under

    AICRP on ICAR Project

    03 Gumla,

    Lohardaga &

    W. Singhbhum

    District

    150

  • 10. 2013-14 Kisan Goshti on effect of Long Term

    Use of fertilizer & Manure during

    Rabi under AICRP on ICAR Project

    03 Gumla,

    Lohardaga &

    W. Singhbhum

    District

    160

    11. 2013-14 Field days on Soil Test Crop

    Response under STCR , ICAR

    Project

    03 E. Singhbhum,

    Gumla &

    Koderma

    Districts

    164

    12. 2013-14 Kisan gosthi on Importance of Soil

    testing for sustainable Crop

    Production under STCR , ICAR

    Project

    06 E. Singhbhum,

    Gumla &

    Koderma

    Districts

    300

    13. 2013-14 Training on Impact of Micronutrient

    on crops under Micronutrient , ICAR

    Project

    02 Palkot, Gumla 100

    14. 2014-15 FS on Long Term Fertilizer

    Management during Kharif under

    AICRP on ICAR Project

    04 Gumla,

    Lohardaga &

    W. Singhbhum

    District

    229

    15. 2014-15 Training on Impct of Micronutrient

    on Plant & Human Contumn under

    Micronutrient , ICAR Project

    01 Palkot, Gumla 79

    16. 2015-16 Kisan Ghosthi on Long Term

    Management of Fertilizer for

    Sustainable Farming under AICRP on

    ICAR Project

    03 Gumla,

    Lohardaga &

    W. Singhbhum

    District

    150

    17. 2015-16 Interpretation of Soil Test Result and

    Calculation of Fertilizer Requirement

    under STCR , ICAR Project

    01 Lohardaga

    district

    73

    18. 2015-16 Importance of Soil Test to Sustain

    Crop Production under STCR , ICAR

    Project

    01 Khunti district 56

    19. 2015-16 Soil Sampling and Analysis for

    Available Plant Nutrient under STCR

    , ICAR Project

    01 Ranchi district 106

    20. 2015-16 Cropping system based Nutrient

    Management/Balance Nutrition/

    Crop Quality under STCR , ICAR

    Project

    01 Ranchi district 87

    21. 2015-16 Training on role of Micronutrient in

    soil, Plant & human Health under

    Micronutrient , ICAR Project

    02 Palkot, Gumla 108

    22. 2010-11 Practical Oriented Training

    Programme on Soil Sampling and

    Analysis of Available Plant Nutrient

    under NPMSF Project of Govt. of

    India for State STLs & FQCLs

    01 Dept. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    20

  • Personnel from 1st to 2

    nd Feb., 2010.

    23. 2010-11 Practical Oriented Training

    Programme on Soil test for

    Secondary and Micronutrient under

    NPMSF Project of Govt. of India for

    State STLs & FQCLs Personnel from

    3rd

    to 4th

    Feb., 2010

    01 Dept. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    20

    24. 2010-11 Practical Oriented Training

    Programme on Interpretation of

    Soil Test Result & Calculation of

    Fertilizer Requirement under NPMSF

    Project of Govt. of India for State

    STLs & FQCLs Personnel from 5th

    to 6th

    Feb., 2010

    01 Dept. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    20

    25. 2010-11 Practical Oriented Training

    Programme on Cropping System

    based Nutrient Management/ Balance

    Nutrition/Crop Quality under

    NPMSF Project of Govt. of India for

    State STLs & FQCLs Personnel from

    7th

    to 8th

    Feb., 2010

    01 Dept. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    20

    26. 2011-12 Seven days Practical oriented training

    programme on Analytical Methods

    for Soil Testing under NPMSF

    Project of Govt. of India for KVK

    Scientist from 30th

    Jan. To 5th

    Feb.,2012.

    01 Dept. of SSAC,

    BAU, Ranchi

    12

    27. 2014-15 Practical training programme on Soil

    Testing

    01 Dept. of SSAC,

    BAU,Ranchi

    10

    Total

    122 6696

    For District level Soil Map visit link : https://sameti.org/default1_soilmap.htm

    For further details, please contact:

    Dr. D. K. Sahi

    Chairman Department of Soil Science and Agricultural

    Chemistry

    Birsa Agricultural University,

    Kanke, Ranchi 834 006, Jharkhand

    Phone: 065-2450621

    Email : dksbau@gmail.com

    Dr. B. K. Agarwal

    Professor Incharge

    Soi Testing Laboratory

    Birsa Agricultural University,

    Kanke, Ranchi 834 006, Jharkhand

    Phone: 065-2450621

    Email : bkassac@gmail.com

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