skin cancer prevention methods

Download Skin cancer prevention methods

Post on 05-Dec-2014



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Skin cancer prevention methods



2. What is Cancer? Cancer occurs when cells in a body part start to grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. 3. Skin Cancer? Skin cancer is the most common of all cancersMost skin cancers are:slow-growing Easy to recognize Relatively easy to treat when detected early 4. Types of Skin Cancer 1. Non-Melanomas Include Basal Cell and Squamous Cell Cancers Can be fast or slow growing, but rarely spread Found on sun exposed parts of body like the head and neck This year approximately 10000 people will die from non-melanoma skin cancer 5. Types of Skin Cancer 2. Melanomas Can happen anywhere on the body Less common, but more sober Almost always curable when detected early More likely to spread to other parts of body This year around 8,650 people will die from melanoma 6. Ultraviolet Radiation? Ultraviolet (UV) rays are a form of invisible energy given off by the sunUV rays are divided into 3 wavelength ranges:UVA Rays, causes durable skin damage such as wrinkles, but also play a role in some skin cancers. UVB Rays, straight damage to DNA, these rays cause sunburns, cause most skin cancers. UVC Rays, do not penetrate atmosphere, not present in sunlight. 7. What is a tan? Tanning, like sunburn, is literally a form of skin damage. Ultraviolet emission can damage your DNA at a cellular level, which can lead to cancer. Although people with light skin are more susceptible, darker skinned people can also be affected. 8. What about tanning beds? There is no proof that tanning in a bed is any safer than tanning in the sun -- in fact, some tanning beds release much stronger UV light than the sun does. There is a 75% increase in risk for melanoma among those who first use tanning beds in their teens and early twenties. 9. My Risk For Skin Cancer? 10. Who is prone to sun damage? Everyone's skin and eyes can be pretentious by the sun and other forms of UV rays. while people with light skin are much more likely to have sun damage, darker-skinned people, including African Americans and Hispanic Americans, also can be affected. 11. Factors that Increase Risk of Skin Cancer Those who are lighter skinned, have freckles, and have blond, red, or light brown hair. Individuals who work outdoors and or live in high altitudes. Prior treatment with immune suppressing medicine. Excessive exposure to light from tanning 12. How Can I Protect Myself From Skin Cancer? 13. stepladder for Sun Protection Limit your sun exposure during 10am4pm cover up up your skin, especially your arms and legs. Wear a wide brimmed hat to protect eyes, ears, and face. Wear wrap-around sunglasses. Use sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher, and 14. What Should I Know About Early Detection of Skin Cancer? 15. When Should I be screen? Get a cancer-related health check by a doctor, together with skin examination, every three years between ages 20 and 40 and annually for those 40 and older. See a doctor immediately if you notice any warning symbols. Its important to check your own skin, preferably once per month. 16. What Should I Look For? Basal cell cancers and squamous cell cancers are most frequently found in areas that get exposed to a lot of sun, such as the head, neck, and arms, but they can take place elsewhere. Look for latest growths, spots, bumps, patches, or sores that don't heal after 2 to 3 months. 17. How to Check Your Skin: Face the mirror: Test out your face, ears, neck, chest, and belly. Women will need to lift breasts to check the skin underneath. 18. Face the Mirror Test out the underarm areas, both sides of the arms, the tops and bottoms of your hands, in between your fingers, and fingernail beds. 19. Sit Down Make sure the front of your thighs, shins, tops of your feet, in between your toes, and toenail beds. 20. need a hand mirror for your thighs, back, and scalp. Now glance at the bottoms of your feet, your calves, and the backs of your thighs, first checking one leg and then the other. 21. How is Skin Cancer Diagnosed? 22. Skin Cancer Diagnosis History and Physical Exam Dermas copy Skin Biopsy 23. How Is Skin Cancer Treated? 24. Treatment Options Surgery Cryosurgery Laser Surgery Skin Grafting & Reconstructive SurgeryChemotherapy Radiation Therapy 25. Survival Rates for Melanoma Five-year endurance rate when melanoma is found early at its earliest stage..99%Five-year survival rate when melanoma is found after it has spread..18% 26. Three Things To Remember Nearly all skin cancers are needless by limiting unprotected exposure to the sun. Most skin cancers can be treated successfully if detect early even melanoma. When out in the sun, seek shade and Slip! Slop! Slap! Wrap! Slip on a shirt Slop on SPF 15+ sunscreen Slap on a hat Wrap on sunglasses 27. For any further information.. Cell-8860150009


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