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REPORT OUTS. What: Best Practices Advisory Circular Creation of a Best Practices Advisory Circular to address specific areas of flight instructor performance. (100%). Why: To raise the standard of performance of flight instructors. Who: Drafted by industry and completed through a - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SAFETYWhat: Best Practices Advisory Circular

Creation of a Best Practices Advisory Circular to address specific areas of flight instructor performance. (100%)Who: Drafted by industry and completed through a collaborative effort of industry and FAA When: One YearWhy: To raise the standard of performance of flight instructors.3

SAFETYWhat: Incentive Programs

Incentivize pilots and flight instructors through various programs such as WINGS to undertake additional training, seek greater knowledge, and implement best practices with industry recognition of status. (100%)Who: Industry and FAAWhen: One yearWhy: Raises the safety, mastery, and performance standards for pilots. Attempts to reach the pilots who generally do not participate in safety education.4

SAFETYWhat: Certificate Specific Flight Reviews

Flight reviews would be certificate specific. Requires an appropriate interpretation of 61.56. (100%)Who: Industry and FAAWhen: One yearWhy: Ensure that best practices and certificate standards are evaluated as a basis for exercising airman privileges5

SAFETYWhat: Student Training Discontinuance

Provide a pre-training evaluation process and written advice to flight instructors on terminating flight students from undertaking flight instruction. (100%)Who: Industry and FAAWhen: One year Why: Existing training philosophy attempts to promote concepts that learning to fly is just a matter of time and effort. Guidance will provide Instructors with tools to terminate students who are unable to develop skillsin order exercise airmen privileges.6

SAFETYWhat: Gather Additional Statistics

FAA and insurance metrics for stakeholder analysis and dissemination. Identify the top 10 contributing and causal factors in aircraft accidents. Incentivize insurance companies to share de-identified statistics. (100%)Who: Industry and FAAWhen: One YearWhy: Allow for predictive and preventative safety programs.



What: Develop the delivery system for the Presentation that communicates the value of the GA experience through a GA Ambassador program that could be used by state aeronautics departments, FAASTeams, Flight Schools, etc. Who: AOPA, GAMA, SAFE & NAFIWhen: Start discussion immediately, with actual work beginning in January, 2012. Target for completion September 2012.

Why: We are not communicating the value of the GA experience. 8


What: Create a repository of customer service training & resource materials for use by flight training providers that can be used during first contact and follow up with potential customers. Follow on action would include training to help providers use sales and customer service tools more effectively.Who: Flight School Association of North America, SAFE, NAFI, CessnaWhen: Contact form within 60 days, balance by end of 1st quarter of 2012Why: Common poor experience by customers seeking flight training. 9


What: Request CFI course content providers to develop training modules that help CFIs develop professional customer service skills including ways to make training more interesting, fun and aimed at improving customer retention. Such content should be included in CFI initial and Flight Instructor Refresher Training.

Who: Industry Course Providers supported SAFE, NAFIWhen: Within 12 monthsWhy: Because customer retention is extremely poor.10


What: Promote, support and encourage the use of mentoring programs for both training providers as well as studentsWho: SAFE, AOPA & FSANAWhen: Within 18 monthsWhy: To improve pilot retention by providing a better sense of community and a better training experience 11


What: Approach growing the pilot population holistically by focusing on improvements in each phase of the pilot life cycleWho: AOPA When: 12 monthsWhy: Address the decline in pilot population. A structured approach is needed to improve the business of flight training and thereby grow general aviation. 12

DOCTRINEWhat:Refocus aviation education to be learner-centric.Commit student and instructor to expect excellence and life-long learning. Empower (and embrace) active student participation in the educator-student relationship.Demand professionalism (from the educator); and aspire to professionalism (by the student)Promote a day-one safety culture advancing active risk awareness and management.Integrate into the entire flight training regime (manuals, FAA guidance)Who:Flight training industry, including publications and the FAA When:Prioritize development of a student pilot guide by mid-20122012-2013: integrate into all FAA guidance (with a focus on the Flight Instructors Manual)Socialize these precepts via the flight training industryWhy:To create a foundation for success (safety/satisfaction/(personal and professional growth) 13

DOCTRINEWhat:Establish a formal and permanent process for government and industry Subject Matter Experts (SME) to develop recommendations for updating guidance and testing doctrine (that is, regulations, advisory circulars, handbooks, practical test standards, and knowledge tests). This should include effectively update guidance to CFIs, DPEs, and ASIs.Who:Establish a joint group between FAA (AFS 800/600) and the interested stakeholders from the broad industry, the CFI community, and the DPE/ASI.Let industry propose questions and review the existing questions for relevance.AFS 600/800 update current guidance and testing material.When:Establish joint FAA Industry group within 6 to 12 months.Complete review of PTS by Sept 2011Complete review of the Private and CFI knowledge tests by Q1, 2012 which would be followed by the other knowledge tests.Update the FAA's website by Sept 30, 2011.Why:Currently, there is no deliberate and interactive process for systematically updating guidance and testing doctrine. The process is closed, scattered and ad hoc. Currently, the structure of the knowledge test drives "teaching of the test" because many questions are not relevant, they are unnecessary and frustrating to the learner, and provide a poor first impression/contact with the FAA.Currently, the guidance and testing doctrine is scattered and in various formats. 14

DOCTRINEWhat:Improve CFI doctrine by adding Risk Management instruction techniques to the CFI Handbook and industry groups to establish Best Practices programs to increase Risk Management awareness.Who:JSC/Industry representatives, i.e., SAFE/NAFIWhen:Incorporate into the next scheduled revision of the Handbook within 18 months (end of CY 2012).

Why:Despite numerous risk tools in current publications, emphasis on the how to specifically instruct is not focused at the CFI level.15

DOCTRINEWhat:Simplify FITSWho: AFS 800 should establish a joint working group.When: Mar 31, 2012Why: FITS needs to be changed to address safety, eliminate confusion, and minimize resistance.


DOCTRINEWhat: Review the CFI renewal process for alternative FIRC methods to incorporate processes for active and inactive CFIs.Who: JSC/Industry Committees, ie, SAFE/NAFI

When: Dec 31, 2012Why: Current renewal process may not adequately address the different activity levels for industry wide CFI specialties.



What: Create a knowledge standardWho: FAA600/800govt lead/Industry committee Maybe a lead organization with involvement of industry groups and academia. Consider the ASTM modelWhen: Form the committee within one month. Why: Create a plan to generate a baseline standard that allows for the creation of a knowledge tests both oral and written. Use the baseline standard to correlate training and testing 18


What: Create a PTS Change Committee to improve the communication to AFS-600 a continuous loop.Who: AFS 800/600/industry.

When: ASAP

Why: Must align PTS with current industry standards (scenario-based and not just a series of maneuvers). 19


What: Re-evaluate the use of and guidance for simulation in flight training and testing. Include ATDs, AATDs and FTDs. New simulation to be used more for training credit and checking and testing.Who: AFS-800When: ASAPWhy: As it stands guidance is inconsistent and hard to utilize in the current environment. 20


What: Develop a document that provides guidance on how to conduct a flight evaluation.Who: Industry coalitionWhen: Within 90 daysWhy: There are currently no standards and therefore a lack of realistic check rides. This document will encourage the use of scenario based training and simulation. 21


What: Improve currency of on-going independent instructors. Will have to be done by regulation. Who: Industry recommendation to FAA. Create industry committee SAFE, etc. Should do additional research on how to accomplish this. When: Needs to be done ASAPWhy: Today instructors are never re-evaluated. Many instructors are not current on policies or procedures. No consistent quality control exists for the independent instructor. 22

CURRICULAWhat: Use scenario-based training for improved risk management for students

Who: FAA standards and publications, NAFI, SAFE, Master Instructors, Air Safety Institute.

When: Six monthsWhy: To make risk management a habit. 23

CURRICULAWhat: Provide instructor training on risk management.Who: FAA standards and publications, NAFI, SAFE, Master Instructors, Air Safety Institute.

When: Six monthsWhy: Starts with instructors and to make risk management a habit. 24

CURRICULAWhat: Emphasize load factor and angle of attack (AOA) training. Who: Air Safety Institute, courseware providers, NAFI, SAFE.When: As soon as possible.Why: Accidents dont happen in straight and level flight.25