Report on BRT
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Umm Al-Qura University-Transportation Engineering I, Course: 803361-3, TERM Paper. Subject: Efficacy of Bus Rapid Transit For Makkah
Muharam, 1433hUmm Al-Qura University-Transportation Engineering I, Course: 803361-3, TERM Paper. Subject: Efficacy of Bus Rapid Transit For Makkah
Propose conceptual framework, salient features and outline implementation plan for Makkah BRT Project1. IntroductionThis paper discus problem of the public transportation in Makkah and Mashaer and how can innovate public transport has state-of-the-art low-cost technologies that result in more passengers and less congestion .one of the main important BRT is an innovative, high capacity, lower cost public transit solution that can significantly improve urban mobility.This permanent, integrated system uses buses or specialized vehicles on roadways or dedicated lanes to quickly and efficiently transport passengers to their destinations, while offering the flexibility to meet transit demand. BRT systems can easily be customized to community needs and incorporate state-of-the-art, low-cost technologies that result in more passengers and less congestion.Or in other ward Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a term applied to a variety of public transportation systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line. Often this is achieved by making improvements to existing infrastructure, vehicles and scheduling. The goal of these systems is to approach the service quality of rail transit while still enjoying the cost savings and flexibility of bus transit. The expression BRT is mainly used in North America; in Europe and Australia, it is often called a busway, while elsewhere, it may be called a quality bus.2. Problem StatementIn fact the agencies or Stakeholders responsible for transportation in Makkah and: Development Commission Of Makkah and Mashaer (DCOMM) Holly Makkah Municipality- Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs Ministry of Transport Albalad Alameen Company Ministry of Hajj Supreme Hajj Committee, Higher Commission for the Monitoring of Pilgrims Transport,The transit system is the bus, operated by Saudi Public Transport Co. (SAPTCO),it was established in 1399 H (1979 G) with a fully paid up capital of SR 1000 million to provide public bus transport services. SAPTCO operates around the clock with terminals in the Kingdoms major cities and through an extensive network of local and international agents. Also, there is a Mashaer metro, operated by Central Administration-Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs responsible for transit in Hajj by Public Transport does not play a role in transit the trips in Makkah, the only mode of transport is bus in off-peak and Ramadan, Mashaer metro is operated only in Hajj. Public transport does not play the role to transit trips in Makkah and Mashaaer. Trips by mode of transit Trips by public transport 0.4 % off-peak Trips by public transport 4.6 % RamadanTrips by public transport 2.5 % HajjTrips by private car and taxi 76.5 % ff-peak Trips by private car and taxi 58.7% Ramadan , and 88.7 % Hajj Also Makkah has constrain to topography and limited existing road.As the result of weakness public transport ,the congestion occurs in Makkah in the central area all the year especially in Ramadan and Hajj,and in Makkah and Mashaaer in Hajj. Figures 1, 2, and 3 illustrate examples of the congestion.
Figure (1): Traffic Jam Congestion in Al Mashaaer
Figure (2): Traffic Congestion in central area
Figure (3): Traffic Congestion in Makkah
3. EvaluationMakkh needs integration between modes of transport: Buss, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), Light Rail Transit (LRT), and Metro (High Capacity) to get successful transit system. Presenteations:BRT system can be planned in Makkah and Mashaaer,are characterized by:1)Signal priority at intersections, 2)Dedicated Bus lanes on regular streets, with (preferably) or without signal priority 3)Bus lanes on streets that are separated from other parallel traffic (eg. median busway; less likely to be blocked by other road users)4)Separate bus roadways, not separated from transverse traffic 5)Completely grade-separated bus roadways
We have case studies in BRT in the world as illustrated in figures 4, 5, and 6 in Colombia, Brazil, and Germany.
Figure (4): Trans Milenio BRT system in Bogot, Colombia, transports a record 40,000 passengers per hour.
Figure (5): Curitiba, Brazil's RIT was the first BRT system implemented in the world.
Figure (6): Double articulated bus in Hamburg, Germany.4. ConclusionsMakkah needs integration in Public Transport. Makkah can start with Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, using single articulated bus in some road which suffer from congestion to mitigate traffic problem.5. RecommendationFirst stage is Preliminary study for geometry of road in Makkah and Mashaaer for example: Radial roads connecting Makkah with Haram Mosque, and Routs of road between Arafat,Muzdalefa,and Mena Geometry studies include width of roads, grades, and turning radiusSecond stage chose technologies of the BRT in the world and chose the which one is more suitable (traditional bus, single articulated bus or double articulated bus ).6. References Bus rapid transit From Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bus_rapid_transit National BRT Institute http://www.nbrti.org/ Development Commission Of Makkah and Mashaer (DCOMM) http://develop.makkahgis.info Holly Makkah Municipality http://www.holymakkah.gov.sa Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs http://www.momra.gov.sa/ Ministry of Transport http://www.mot.gov.sa Albalad Alameen http://www.albaladalameen.com.sa/ General Syndicate of Cars http://www.naqaba.com.sa/ Saudi Public Transport Co. (SAPTCO) http://www.saptco.com.sa/ Ministry of Hajj http://www.localhajj.gov.sa
Junaid Abdullah Bawazeer IDNo: 42905228Page 1