remembering some of the lessons from 2013’s disasters part 2: typhoons walter hays, global...
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REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013S DISASTERSPART 2: TYPHOONS Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA
SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES; NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013
HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV. 8
LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 8
WIND AND WATER PENETRATE BUILDING ENVELOPETYPHOONSUPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES WINDOWSSTORM SURGEHEAVY PRECIPITATION
FLASH FLOODING (MUDFLOWS)LANDSLIDES (MUDFLOWS)CAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES
ONCE AGAIN, 2013S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE DISASTERS BEFORE THE STRICKEN NATION ADOPTS POLICIES TO BECOME DISASTER RESILIENTMOST UNAFFECTED NATIONS USUALLY DONT LEARN ANYTHING NEW AND DONT CHANGE EXISTING POLICIES
A FLAWED PREMISE: ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE ANY NATION SUSCEPTIBLE TO TYPHOONS ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT WILL LEAD TO THEIR OWN TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
EXAMPLE: THE PHILIPPINES
THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN VITAL LESSONS FROM PAST TYPHOONS OF ALL SIZES MAKING LANDFALL THERE
The Philippines has more than enough experience with typhoons for action.
A FLAWED PREMISE: BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN PLACE FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE (i.e., A SUPER TYPHOON SHOULD NOT MAKE THAT MUCH DIFFERENCE WHEN THE POLICIES ARE RIGHT)
LESSON: THE TIMING OF ANTICIPATORY ACTIONS IS VITALThe people who know: 1) what to expect (e.g., high-velocity winds, rain, flash floods, landslides, and storm surge), 2) where and when it will happen, and 3) what they should (and should not) do to prepare will survive.
LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVESThe people who have timely early warning in conjunction with a community evacuation plan that facilitates getting out of harms way from the risks associated with storm surge, high winds, flooding, and landslides will survive.
LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVESDamaged hospitals and medical facilities combined with lack of clean drinking water, food, and medicine, and high levels of morbidity and mortality will quickly overrun the local communitys capacity for emergency health care.
LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVESBuildings engineered to withstand the risks from a typhoons high velocity winds will maintain their function and protect occupants and users from death and injury.
LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVESThe Uncontrollable and Unthinkable events will always hinder the timing of emergency response operations.
LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID The International Community provides millions to billions of dollars in relief to most nations to help pick up the pieces, but this strategy is not enough by itself to ensure disaster resilience.
HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON
RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES
HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT., NOV 9
ADVANCE EVACUATIONS800,000 people were evacuated to emergency shelters.
AN EVACUATION CENTER
FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTIONWinds flattened hundreds of homes.Heavy rainfall triggered mudslides and flash flooding.A storm surge with waves of up to 10 m (30 feet) destroyed everything, sweeping people away and drowning thousands.
AN AERIAL VIEWIt was like a tsunami," Interior Secretary Manuel Roxas told Reuters."From a helicopter, you can see the extent of devastation. From the shore and moving a kilometer inland, there are no structures standing.
TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST
SURVIVOR STORIESSurvivors of the storm described towering waves that swept away all but the most robust engineered structures.
DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINESWide spread flooding, mudslides, and power outagesWinds of 380 kph (290 mph)TACLOBAN hit very hard by the storm surge with many deathsTaclobans airport destroyed
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINESLoss of communicationAn estimated 10,000 people deadEconomic losses in the billions
SURVIVOR NEEDSSurvivors are in desperate need of clean drinking water and foodSurvivors temporarily cut off from aid, and from their families in the Philippines as well as in other countries (e.g., 3 million in the USA)
USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC RELIEF EFFORT
Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were Hampered by Landslides and Damaged Road SystemsLESSON: All Kinds of Things Will go Wrong During the Emergency Response Period When the Uncontrollable and Unthinkable Happen.
TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY NATIONS
PreparednessAdoption and Implementation of a Modern Wind Engineering Building Code Time,y Early Warning and EvacuationTimely Emergency Response (including Emergency Medical Services)Cost-Effective Recovery
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCEEXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESSEXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNINGEXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNINGEXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTIONEXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND ADAPTATIONINTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES
THE CHALLENGE: POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE
COMMUNITIESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONHAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE CREATION OF TURNING POINTS
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EARLY WARNING, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS THE KNOWLEDGE BASEAPPLICATIONS EDUCATIONAL SURGESOPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on local, regional, national, and global scales
lecture by Walter HaysUploading date:December 13, 2013More lectures at Disasters Supercourse -http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/collections/collection52.htm PPT original - http://www.pitt.edu/~super7/51011-52001/51111.ppt