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  • Promoting Innovation and Industrial Competitiveness through Nanotechnology

    Lloyd Whitman Deputy Director

    APEC 2011, March 10, 2011

  • In the Minds of the USA Founding FathersIn the Minds of the USA Founding Fathers

    “Uniformity in the currency, weights, and measures of the United States is an object of great importance, and will, I am persuaded, be duly attended to.””

    George Washington, State of the Union Address, 1790

    From the U. S. Constitution

    National Bureau of Standards established by Congress in 1901 Became the National Institute of Standards and Technology in 1988

    Mission: To promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

    Mission: To promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing nanoscale measurement science, standards, and nanotechnology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

  • NIST At A GlanceNIST At A Glance Major Assets 2,800 employees 2,600 associates and facilities users 1,600 field staff in partner organizations 400 NIST staff serving on 1,000 national &

    international standards committees

    Major Programs NIST Laboratories and User Facilities Baldrige Performance Excellence Program Manufacturing Extension Partnership Technology Innovation Program

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  • NIST October 2010 RealignmentNIST October 2010 Realignment Research consolidated in four Laboratories and two User Facilities Metrology Laboratories Technology Laboratories User Facilities

    NIST Director

    Material Measurement


    Physical Measurement


    Engineering Laboratory

    Center for Center for Nanoscale Nanoscale

    Science and Science and TechnologyTechnology

    NIST Center for Neutron


    Information Technology Laboratory

    Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services

    Associate Director for Laboratory Programs (and Principal Deputy)

    Associate Director for Management Resources

    NIST Overview

  • NIST 2010 BudgetNIST 2010 Budget Total Resources = $1027.3M

    Appropriations = $856.6M

    *Includes $10.5M congressionally-directed projects **Includes $47M congressionally-directed projects and

    $20M for construction grants

    $515M Scientific & Technical Research & Services*

    $147M Construction

    of Research Facilities**

    $195M Industrial



    $122M Other Fed. Agency Res.

    $50M Other

    $91.6M Nanotech.


    $22.4M Fundamental Phenomena &


    $22.5M Nanoscale Devices &


    $19.1M Instrument Research, Metrology, & Stand.’s

    $27.2M Nano-


    $11.2M Major Research

    Facilities & Instr.


    $8.4M Nanomaterials

    $3.6M Environmental Health & Safety

    Nanotechnology = $114.4M (by “Program Component Area”)

  • NIST Nanotechnology StrategyNIST Nanotechnology Strategy Perform NIST’s traditional roles

    Discipline oriented laboratory research Workshops to identify industry needs Standards setting (physical & documentary) Calibrations

    Form public-private partnerships Nanoelectronics Research Initiative College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, NY Operate a multidisciplinary user facility, including a shared resource for nanofab.

    Support nanotechnology through research & construction grants Coordinate and collaborate with industry stakeholders, other US federal Agencies and international partners

  • NIST Nanotechnology WorkshopsNIST Nanotechnology Workshops NIST regularly holds workshops to identify industry needs

    The New Steel? Enabling the Carbon Nanomaterials Revolution: Markets, Metrology, Safety, and Scale-up (2/28-3/1/11) NIST Workshop on Wires, Whiskers and Walls: Energy Applications at the Nanoscale (9/10) The 4th Carbon Nanotube Workshop: Measurement & Control of Chirality (9/10) Washington Metro Region Nanotech Partnership Forum (9/10) Grand Challenges for Advanced PV Technologies & Measurements (5/10) Nano-Optics Plasmonics (4/10) Calibrations & Standards for Nanomechanical Measurements (6/09) Frontiers of Characterization & Metrology for Nanoelectronics (5/09) Global Workshop on Nanoscale Measurement Challenges for Energy Applications (4/09) NIST-ERDC Joint Workshop on Nano-Silver (4/09)

  • NIST Nanotechnology StandardsNIST Nanotechnology Standards NIST develops and evaluates nanoscale reference materials and metrology standards, including:

    Gold nanoparticle reference materials available (10, 30, 60 nm) Polystyrene nanoparticles (60, 100 nm) Nanoparticulate titanium dioxide Nanoporous controlled-pore glass (18 nm pores) SWCNT nanotube reference materials (2011)

    Powder (in raw soot), length-sorted suspension, “bucky” paper

    Silver nanoparticles (under development) Ref. standards for lithography, electron microscopy Reference materials and components for quantitative AFM measurements (dimensional metrology and force)

  • NIST Nanotechnology LeadershipNIST Nanotechnology Leadership NIST provides leadership and technical expertise to standards development

    International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 229 (TC 229)—Nanotechnologies

    International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee 113 (TC 113)—Nanotechnology standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems

    ASTM Committee E56 on Nanotechnology

    IEEE Nanotechnology Council Standards Committee

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Working Party on Nanotechnology Working Party for Manufactured Nanomaterials

    US National Nanotechnology Initiative Working Groups,3305,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

  • NIST International GoalsNIST International Goals

    Measurement and standards infrastructure that enables global market access for U.S. products

    Global leadership in measurement science as a foundation for emerging technologies

    Harmonized standards and transparent regulatory regimes

    Support for US Foreign Policy Objectives

    These goals all apply to NIST’s nanotechnology program.

  • Extramural Nanotechnology SupportExtramural Nanotechnology Support Technology Innovation Program

    $22.8M in 2009 grants, primarily to small companies to further advances in commercial-scale processes for manufacturing nanomaterials and nanocomposites Additional $3M nano-related award made in 2010 See

    ARRA Construction Grants Program (2009-2010) NIST awarded >$65M to seven U.S. universities to help fund

    construction of nanotechnology research facilities •

    U. of Michigan, Ann Arbor

    U. of California, Los Angeles •

    U. of Pittsburgh

    U. of Maine •

    U. of Maryland, College Park

    U. of Nebraska, Lincoln •

    Georgetown U.

  • NIST Nanotechnology ResearchNIST Nanotechnology Research Discipline oriented research flows as logical extension of responsibility for measurement on larger scales:

    Milli → micro → nano

    Strong nano programs in: Characterization & metrology ▪ Electronics Energy* ▪ Magnetics Photonics & Plasmonics ▪ Mechanics Materials and Chemistry ▪ Fabrication and Manufacturing* Environmental, Health & Safety* ▪ Biotechnology Theory & modeling ▪ Simulation & visualization

    meter → nanometer

    *Program growth areas

  • NIST Program in Nanomaterial NIST Program in Nanomaterial Environmental, Health, and SafetyEnvironmental, Health, and Safety

    NIST funding for Nano-EHS: FY2009: $3.5 M FY2010: $3.6 M FY2011: $7.6 M total request

    NIST focus is on measurement methodologies and models for Determining dynamic physico-chemical and toxicological properties of key nanomaterials in relevant media (air, water, soil, bio) Release of these nanomaterials during manufacturing processes and from products throughout full product life cycles

    Expected outputs: Reference materials, reference data, documentary standards, methodologies, analytical tools, and instruments


    Established in 2007 to develop nanoscale measurement and fabrication methods specifically to advance nanotechnology “from discovery to production”

    Operates a national, shared resource, the NanoFab, with world-class nanoscale fabrication and measurement capabilities easily accessible to all,

    including industry

    Conducts multidisciplinary research to create the next generation of nanoscale measurement instruments, made available through collaboration

    Serves as a hub linking the external nanote


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