Prize Medals of the Royal Geographical Society. Report for 1878, and Programme for 1879

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<ul><li><p>Prize Medals of the Royal Geographical Society. Report for 1878, and Programme for 1879Source: Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Vol. 22, No. 6 (1877 - 1878),pp. 477-496Published by: Wiley on behalf of The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of BritishGeographers)Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1799851 .Accessed: 15/06/2014 07:03</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>Wiley and The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) are collaborating withJSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=blackhttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=rgshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=rgshttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1799851?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>PRIZE MEDALS </p><p>OF THE </p><p>ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY. </p><p>EEPOET FOR 1878, </p><p>PROGRAMME FOR 1879. </p><p>VOL. XXII. 2 N </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>( 478 ) </p><p>SYNOPSIS OF RESULTS </p><p>PAST EXAMINATIONS. </p><p>^gsical (feograplig. </p><p>1869.?Examiner, A. E. Wallace. </p><p>(Special Subject: Palestine.) Gold Medal </p><p>Bronze Medal </p><p>Honourably Mentioned </p><p>1870. </p><p>W. Grundy. (Rossall.) </p><p>G. W. Gent. (Eossall.) </p><p>G. G. Butler, M. Stewart, A. Wilson, G. B. Brown, E. Thomas. </p><p>Examiner, A. K. Wallace. </p><p>(Special Subject: India.) Gold Medal.G. G. Butler. </p><p>(Liverpool College.') Bronze Medal </p><p>Honourably Mentioned </p><p>1871 </p><p>M. Stewart. (Eossall.) </p><p>W. Hind, G. Hughes, F. J. Beckly, F. W. Hunt, R. F. W. Shaw, E. C. Thomas. </p><p>Examiner, Dr. W. B. Carpenter, F.E.S. </p><p>(Special Subject: British North America.) Gold Medal.D. McAlistee. </p><p>(Liverpool Institute.) Bronze Medal .. .. W. G. Collingwoou. </p><p>(Liverpool CoUege.) Honourably Mentioned R. A. Lundie, W. N. Shaw </p><p>W. "C. Hudson, F. J. Beckley, T. Disney, W. E. Evill, H. E. F. Brown, W. B. Ffooks. </p><p>Polxfkal (fojrapjjn;. </p><p>Examiner, Eev. W. G. Clark. </p><p>H. C. Richmond. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>J. D. WlLUE. (Manchester Grammar School.) </p><p>E. Crabb, J. H. Collins, M. L. Liewis, H. B. Dixon, D. S. Bontflower. </p><p>Examiner, Yery Eev. Dean Howson, D.D. </p><p>G. W. Gent. (Eossall.) </p><p>J. H. Collins. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>E. Crabb, William Grundy, George Hogben, J. D. Murray, H. B. Dixon. </p><p>Examiner, C. H. Peaeson, M.A. </p><p>G. Hogben. (University School, Nottingham.) </p><p>R. N". Aekle. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>F. M. Sparks, J. B. Heath, D. S. Bontflower, A. Hassall. </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>SYNOPSIS OF RESULTS OF PAST EXAMINATIONS. 479 </p><p>f Ijgaral ?zo$xu$%. I f olifeal (fograpfe. </p><p>1872.?Examiner, H. W. Bates, F.L.S, (Special Subject: South America.) </p><p>Gold Medal.S.E. Spring-Bice, (Eton College.) </p><p>Bronze Medal .. .. A. S. Butler. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>HonouraUy Mentioned 0. Penrose, E. Diekson, J. E. White, H. de V. Vane. </p><p>1873.?Examiner, Dr. J. D. Hooker, F.R.S. (Special Subject: Eastern and Western Turkestan.) Gold Medal.W. C. HunsoN. </p><p>(Liverpool College.) W. A. Forbes. </p><p>(Winchester College.) A. C Cole, K. C. Eeade, H. </p><p>H. Hancock, H. Louis, N. M. Eichardson, G. S. Pawle, G. E. Townsend, W. S. Widdicombe. </p><p>1874.?Examiner, Prof. A. C. Ramsay, LL,D, (Special Subject: The British Isles.) </p><p>Gold Medal.L. Weston. (City of London School.) </p><p>Bronze Medal </p><p>Honourdbly Mentioned </p><p>Bronze Medal </p><p>Honourdbly Mentioned </p><p>F. C. Montague, ( University College School.) </p><p>H. M. Platnauer, W. S. Wid? dicombe, 0. A. Spring-Eice, H. A. Miers, C. Healey, W. F. Wilson, A. B. Forsyth. </p><p>1875.?Examiner, General R. Strachey, R.E. (Special Subject: China.) </p><p>Gold Medal.H. A. Miers. (Eton College.) </p><p>A. E. Garrod. (Marlborough College.) </p><p>C. A. Spring-Eice, H. Perrin, H. H. Hancock, W. D. Thomson, H. M. Plat? nauer. </p><p>Bronze Medal </p><p>Honourdbly Mentioned </p><p>1876.?Examiner, Prof. T. Eupert Jones, F.K.S. (Special Subject: The Arctic Regions.) </p><p>Gold Medal.Jno. Wilkie. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>Bronze Medal .. .. Walter New. (Dulwich College.) </p><p>HonouraUy Mentioned J. A. Eobinson, L. P. Jacks, E. von Lengerke, Sir M. Crofton, F. S. Oarey. </p><p>Examiner, T. W. Hinch- liff, M.A. </p><p>W. G. Collingwood. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>W. C. Graham. (Eton College.) </p><p>E. H. Sayle, W. L. Kingsford, H. E. Dixon. </p><p>Examiner, Maj.-Gen. Sir H. C. Eawlinson, K.C.B. </p><p>S. E. Spring-Eice. (Eton College.) </p><p>A. T. JSTUTT. ( University College School.) </p><p>A. Williams, W. L. Kings? ford, G. H. Sing, S. H. B. Saunders, A. Hassall. </p><p>Examiner, Rev. Canon Eawlinson, M.A. </p><p>W. H. Turton. (Clifton College.) </p><p>L. Jacob. (City of London School.) </p><p>J. F. Heyes, S. H. B. Saunders, E. W. Whiston, W. B. Styer. </p><p>Examiner, Sir Ruther? ford Alcock, K.C.B. </p><p>S. H. B. Saunders. (Dulwich Colleye.) </p><p>W. 0. Graham. (Eton College.) </p><p>J. Vans Agnew, W. M. H. Milner, J. F. Heyes, D. G Crawford, T. Knox, A. S Moriarty. </p><p>Examiner, Sir F. Leopold McClintock, F.R.S. </p><p>Thomas Knox. (Haileybury College.) </p><p>W. M. H. Milner. (Marlborough College.) </p><p>J. B. Johnston, H. W. Pigeon, J. F. Heyes, W. J. Newton, A. E. Eopes, C. W. Mac- Master. </p><p>2 n 2 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>480 SYNOPSIS OF RESULTS OF PAST EXAMINATIONS. </p><p>ffeMCHl ?wjprajrfe|. </p><p>1877.?Examiner, Francis Galton, M.A., F.E.S. (Special Subject: Africa, South of the Equator.) </p><p>Gold Medal .. ... .. Walter New. (Dulwich College.) </p><p>Bronze Medal .. .. Arthur Smyth Flower, (Winchester College.) </p><p>Honourably Mentioned John Chisman, J. A. Robin- son, Frank Stanton Carey. </p><p>1878.?Examiner, Colonel J. A. Grant, C.B., C.S.I. </p><p>(Special Subject: The Basin of the Nile, and that portion of Africa that lies to the East of it.) </p><p>Gold Medal.Wm. John Newton. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>Silver Medal.Christopher Mounsey Wilson. </p><p>Honourably Mentioned (Clifton College.) </p><p>Ernest George Harmer, Miller Hancorne Clifford, Francis Ashness Soppitt, John Stapylton Grey Pemberton. </p><p>Examiner, Sir Eawson W. Eawson,K.C.M.G.,C.B. </p><p>William John Newton. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>John Wilkie. (Liverpool College.) </p><p>Arthur Reed Ropes, William Wallis Ord, Samuel Fowler Blackwell, George Arnold Tomkinson, Henry Colt- hurst Godwin. </p><p>Examiner, Clements E. Markham, Esq., C.B., F.E.S. </p><p>Wm. Wallis Ord. (Dulwich College.) </p><p>Geo. Arnold Tomkinson. (Haileybury College.) </p><p>Arthur Reed Ropes, Arthur Kay, David Bowie. </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>TABULAR SUMMARY OF AWARDS. 481 </p><p>co $ O W o CQ O </p><p>S o Q Q &lt; co &lt; Q </p><p>o </p><p>O </p><p>? </p><p>p CQ ? </p><p>S </p><p>05 CO 00 00 </p><p>1 3 &gt;&gt; .fl P-l S5 </p><p>rH J* r-l </p><p>w io w rt kI M 00 00 00 </p><p>S5 ? 3 </p><p>(D r-H </p><p>rt : ? 1 8 1 fl .2 &gt;? ^ a, .fl </p><p>3 3 ^ 3 .? .? aS ? </p><p>g * </p><p>L^ 5 </p><p>?3 </p><p>o Q </p><p>'g 8 rfl .6 ? </p><p>&amp;?&amp;? </p></li><li><p>482 SCHOOLS' PRIZE MEDALS. </p><p>PKIZE MEDALS </p><p>OF THE </p><p>EOYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY. </p><p>INSTITUTED, 1869. </p><p>RESULTS OF THE EXAMINATION FOE 1878. </p><p>List of Schools who were invited to compete in 1878. </p><p>English Schools.?St. Peter's College, Eadley, Abingdon; King Edward's School, Birmingham; Brighton College ; Bristol Grammar School; Cathedral Grammar School, Chester; Cheltenham College; Clifton College; Dulwich College; Eton College; Haileybury College ; Harrow; Hurstpierpoint; Liverpool College ; Liverpool Institute ; London,?Charter House ; Christ's Hospital; City of London School; King's College School; St. Paul's; University College School; Westminster School; Eoyal Naval School, New Cross;?The College, Malvern ; Manchester School; Marlborough College; University School,Nottingham; Eepton; Rossall; Rugby; King's School, Sherborne ; Shoreham; Shrewsbury; Stonyhurst College, Blackburn; The School, Tonbridge; Uppingham School; Wellington College; Winchester College. </p><p>Channel Islands School.?Yictoria College, Jersey. </p><p>Scotch Schools.?Aberdeen Grammar School; Edinburgh Academy; Edinburgh High School; Glasgow High School; Glasgow Academy. </p><p>Irish Schools.?Eoyal Academical Institute, Belfast; Dungannon Eoyal School; Ennis College ; Portora Eoyal School, Enniskillen; Foyle College, Londonderry; Rathfarnham, St. Columba's College; Rathmines School, Dublin. </p><p>Eleven of the above Schools furnished competitors, according to the following list, in which is entered the number of candidates in Political and Physical Geography from each school:? </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>RESULTS OF THE EXAMINATION FOR 1878. 483 </p><p>Clifton College. Rossall School. Nottingham University School Uppingham School City of London School University College School Haileybury College. Liverpool College . Eton College . Dulwich College . Christ's Hospital School .. </p><p>Total 18 11 </p><p>The Examiners appointed by the Council for 1878 were Colonel J. A .Grant, c.b., c.s.i., for Physical, and Clements E. Markham, Esq., c.b., f.r.s., for Political Geography. The examinations were held at the various schools, on the 25th of March, and the Prizes were </p><p>presented at the Anniversary Meeting of the Society. </p><p>The special subject for the year 1878 was? </p><p>The Basin of the Nile, and the Portion of Africa that lies to the East of it. </p><p>PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY. </p><p>No. 1 Examination Paper, 1878. </p><p>General. </p><p>[Candidates to answer twelve of the eighteen Questions.'] </p><p>A. (Configuration of the Earth.) </p><p>(1.) Fill in the numbers in this question :? </p><p>n??h?H?i,pk,rej^~;f^ :: { </p><p>Square Mile3. </p><p>Southern Hemisphere &lt; * ,. </p><p>Eastern Hemisphere &lt; * ? </p><p>Western Hemisphere &lt; </p><p>Area of land water .. </p><p>Area of land water .. </p><p>Area of land Area of water .. </p><p>Total area of Globe </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>484 SCHOOLS' PRIZE MEDALS. </p><p>(2.) What is the order of superiority of the four Continents, Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, regarding the configuration of their coasts as influencing commerce and civilisation ? Give a sketch of each Continent. </p><p>B. (General Physical Geography.) </p><p>(3S) Give the names, length, average breadth, and the general bearing of four of the principal Mountain-chains in the world. Also, the names, situations, areas, latitudes and general bearings of six of the largest fresh-water Lakes in the world. </p><p>(4.) Describe the physical features in the course of the Eiver Colorado ; explain what is meant by the term " caflon." </p><p>(5.) How is coral-rock formed ? Give the extent and distance from the coast of the barrier reefs on the N.E. of Australia. </p><p>(6.) What is the difference between a plain and a plateau ? Mention ex? amples. Give a section of the Himalayas at Mount Everest, with the countries north and south of them. (Four straight lines will suffice to show this; the longest line need not he above four inches; the altitudes to be marked upon the sloping lines.) </p><p>(7.) In what county are the parallel roads of Glen Eoy ? Describe them, and the action which glaciers are supposed to have had in their formation. </p><p>(8.) Suppose the temperature of our earth at the surface to be 50? Fahr., what may the temperature, as usually accepted, be at six thousand feet below the surface ? </p><p>(9.) In what county is the Giant's Causeway, and how has it been formed ? </p><p>(10.) Give the evidence we have that man existed with the extinct mammalia, and whether any such proof has been discovered in Britain. </p><p>(11.) Where may the following terrestrial animals be found in their native state? If they be common to more than one continent, state the names of such:?Hippopotamus, zebra, gorilla, beaver, buffalo, ante? lope, deer, alligator, crocodile, humming-bird, turkey, peacock, guinea- fowl, lion, tiger, bear, sloth, kangaroo, elephant, rhinoceros. </p><p>(12.) Give the geographical distribution of palms, conifers, and tree-ferns, and state where they are found in greatest abundance. </p><p>(13.) What are Borax and Sulphur ? where do they most abound, and to what uses are they applied ? </p><p>(14.) Suppose a line to be drawn across England at Cumberland, how many inches of rain fall annually near the extremities of the line on the east and on the west coast? and explain why there is such difference in the rainfall of the two positions. </p><p>(15.) Give the temperature of the ocean at its surface and at its bottom, off Bermuda; and explain the cause of this great difference of temperature. </p><p>(16.) Certain changes have influenced the ri^our of climate, the courses of local winds, and the annual rainfall. Explain in each case how these changes have been brought about. </p><p>(17.) What are Magnetism and Gravitation ? </p><p>(18.) In England how many degrees does the compass vary from the true north ? Is this variation east or west, and has it always been the same? </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.20 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 07:03:55 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>EXAMINATION PAPERS, 1878. 485 </p><p>No. 2 Examination Paper, 1878. </p><p>Special. </p><p>[Candidates to answer eight of the twelve Questions.] </p><p>(1.) How is the Delta of the Nile formed ? Give its extent, principal channels, nature of its deposit, and the rate of its accumulation. What is a Cataract ? Describe the first cataract in the Nile Basin. Where does the fertile soil of Egypt come from ? In what month does the Nile attain its height at Cairo ? and when is it lowest ? Give its expected rise in feet at Cairo. </p><p>(2.) Draw a section of the Valley of the Nile from Darfour to Lake Tzana or Dembea. Describe the route between Suakin and Berber. </p><p>(3.) Where does the River Atbara rise? Describe its banks, course, point of junction with the Nile, and say how much of it is navigable for boats. </p><p>(4.) Where is Khartoum situated ? Give the reason for the difference of colour and the volume of water in the two rivers, White and Blue Niles. Name all the lakes in the Basin of the Nile, giving the area of each lake as far as is known. </p><p>(5.) Describe the geological features of the country traversed in 1868 by our Abyssinian army. What is basalt ? and wh...</p></li></ul>