prehistoric arts

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  • 1.Prehistoric arts

2. Prehistoric (Stone Age) art
isfirst known period of prehistoric human culture, during which work was done with stone tools.
The period began with the earliest human development, about 2 million years ago.
It is divided into three periods:
1.Paleolithic Old Stone Age
2.Mesolithic Middle Stone Age
3.Neolithic New Stone Age
3. 4. Paleolithic (OLD stone)
the longest phase of human history.
Its most outstanding feature was the development of the human species-- Homo sapiens.
5. Paleolithic (OLD stone)
Paleolithic peoples were generally
nomadic hunters and gatherers
who sheltered in caves,
used fire, and fashioned stone tools.
Their cultures are identified by distinctive stone-tool industries.
6. Paleolithic (OLD stone)
By the Upper Paleolithic there is evidence of communal hunting,
constructed shelters,
and belief systems centering on magic and the supernatural.
Rock carving and paintings reached their peak in the Magdalenian culture of Cro-Magnon man.
7. Cro-magnonman
8. Mesolithic (middle Stone)
The Mesolithic period, or Middle Stone Age, began at the end of the last glacial era, over 10,000 years ago.
Cultures included gradual domestication of plants and animals,
formation of settled communities,
use of the bow,
and development of delicate stone microliths and pottery.
9. Microlith
Small stone tool
10. Neolithic (new stone)
The time periods and cultural content of the Neolithic period, or New Stone Age, vary with geographic location.
The earliest known Neolithic culture developed from the Natufian in Southwestern Asia between 9000 and 7000 BCE.
In Southeast Asia a distinct type of Neolithic culture cultivated rice before 2000 BCE.
and by 1500 BCE Neolithic cultures existed in Mesoamerica that led to the Aztec and Inca civilizations.
11. People lived in settled villages,
cultivated grains and domesticated animals,
developed pottery, spinning, and weaving,
and evolved into the urban civilizations of the Bronze Age.
New World peoples independently domesticated plants and animals,
Neolithic (new stone)
12. cave paintings
13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. PALEOLITHIC ART40,000 8,000 BCE
19. Name:Human with Feline Head
Date:c. 30,00026,000 BCE
Medium:Mammoth ivory
Size:height 11" (29.6 cm)
Source/Museum:Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany / Ulmer Museum, Ulm, Germany
20. Namee:Venus of Willendorf
Date:c. 28,000 24,000 BCE
Size:height 4" (11 cm)
Source/Museum:Austria.Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna
21. Venus the ideal woman
Venus de Milo, 130-120 BC, marble, 6 ft, Ancient Greece
The Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli, 1485, oil on canvas
22. Woman from Ostrava PetrkoviceCzech Republic. C. 23,000 BCEHermatite, height 1
23. Name:Two BisonDate:c. 15,000 10,000 BCEMedium:Unbaked claySize:length 25" ( 63.5 cm) and 24" (60.9 cm)Source/Museum:Le TucdAudoubert, France
24. Title:Spotted Horses and Human Hands
Date:Horses 25,00024,000 BCE; hands c 15,000 BCE
Medium:Paint on limestone
Size:individual horses are over 5' (1.5 m) in length.
Source/Museum:Pech-Merle Cave, Dordogne, France
25. Name:Hall of Bulls
Date:c. 15,000 BCE
Medium:Paint on limestone
Size:length of the largest auroch (bull) 18' (5.50 m)
Source/Museum:Lascaux Cave, Dordogne, France
26. Name:Bison
Medium:Paint on limestone
Size:length approx. 8'3" (2.5 m)
Date:c. 12,500 BCE
Source/Museum:Ceiling of a cave at Altamira, Spain
27. Title:Lamp with Ibex Design
Medium:Engraved stone
Date:c. 15,00013,000 BCE
Source/Museum:La Mouthe Cave, Dordogne, France
Title:Mimis and Kangaroo
Medium:Red and yellow ocher and white pipe clay
Date:Older painting 16,0007000 BCE
Source/Museum:Prehistoric rock art, Oenpelli, Arnhem Land, Australia
29. NEOLITHIC ART8,000 1,500 BCE
30. Jericho
Human Skull
6,000-5,500 BCE
Great Stone Tower
31. ChatalHuyuk6500-5500 BCE
32. 33. Title:Tomb interior with corbeling and engraved stones
Date:c. 30002500 BCE
Source/Museum:New Grange, Ireland
34. 35. Title:Stonehenge
Date:c. 27501500 BCE
Source/Museum:Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire England
36. Sun TunnelsNancy Holt, 1974, Utah
Prepared by: JC de Egurrola