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<p>BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE GLOBAL GENERATION INDUSTRYwww.powermag.com Vol. 152 No. 3 March 2008</p> <p>How to make friends for a new plant</p> <p>Watch your water samples ZLD meets FGD Actuating bypass valves</p> <p>If raising the bar for power generation was easy, anyone could do it.</p> <p>ABB goes above and beyond.Now you can jump to the forefront of high-efficiency control with ABBs best-in-class 800xA Automation Control System technology. In fact, our OPTIMAX Combustion Optimizer solution alone delivers a minimum 0.5% improvement in heat rate, saving a typical 500 megawatt power plant $300,000 or more annually. We also have raised the bar higher by making our solution easy to implement with any control system. So if you are ready to reduce emissions and heat rates while optimizing lifecycle costs, visit www.abb.com/powergeneration or contact us at +1 440-585-8484.</p> <p>www.abb.comCIRCLE 1 ON READER SERVICE CARD</p> <p>Established 1882 Vol. 152 No. 3</p> <p>March 2008</p> <p>www.powermag.com</p> <p>COVER STORY: PROJECT MANAGEMENT28 How to make a power plant a welcome neighborFaribault Energy Parks developers were able to avoid the controversy that is often associated with power plant siting, construction, and operations. Their experience could help you build your next plant on time and on budget.</p> <p>SPECIAL REPORTSWATER TREATMENT</p> <p>On the coverYoungsters enjoying a new power plant fishing hole are proof of a successful partnership between the developers of Faribault Energy Park and the citizens of Faribault, Minn. By including local residents at each stage of this project and considering site aesthetics, these developers have provided a model for future successful greenfield projects.</p> <p>36 Maintaining water sample panels improves plant availabilityOperators who rely only on manual water grab samples instead of data from on-line sample panels run the risk of missing warning signs that the old technique just cant provide.</p> <p>INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 46 Wireless technologies connect two LCRA plantsIntegrating the O&amp;M staffs of two plants required developing a plan for how theyd communicate. A combination Wi-Fi/WiMAX solution achieved that goal and so much more.</p> <p>FEATURESVALVES</p> <p>DEPARTMENTS6 SPEAKING OF POWER 8 GLOBAL MONITOR 8 DOE scraps FutureGen 10 U.S. nuclear plants have record year 10 Westinghouse wins TVA contract 11 UniStar Nuclear to file for COL 11 AEP ranks second in U.S. construction 12 China moving to the drivers seat 14 New solar cycle poses risks 14 Dutch favor power from natural gas 16 POWER digest 16 Corrections 18 FOCUS ON O&amp;M 18 New CIP standards leave questions answered 21 Solving common analyzer problems 24 Qualifying rebuild shops 26 LEGAL &amp; REGULATORY 72 NEW PRODUCTS 80 COMMENTARY</p> <p>52 Desuperheating valves take the heatSelecting hydraulic actuators instead of pneumatic actuators for critical desuperheating valve applications is one way to address cycling-related problems. It can also dramatically reduce start-up times.</p> <p>WATER MANAGEMENT</p> <p>60 Benefits of evaporating FGD purge waterEvaporation can completely separate all dissolved species from flue gas desulfurization purge water. Plus, if the high-quality distilled water produced by the process is reused in the plant, the result is zero discharge of wastewater to the environment.</p> <p>COMBINED-CYCLE RELIABILITY</p> <p>64 Extend EOH tracking to the entire plantEquivalent operating hours tracking is the key to enhancing both the maintenance and reliability of all key combined-cycle systems. Try it. Your heat-recovery steam generator will thank you.</p> <p>EVENTS</p> <p>68 ELECTRIC POWER celebrates 10th anniversary in BaltimoreUse this preview to begin planning your trip to the cant-miss event for all players in the power generation industry.</p> <p>March 2008 POWER</p> <p>|</p> <p>www.powermag.com</p> <p>1</p> <p>How can I provide reliable power for my customers and still be competitive?</p> <p>With Siemens Power Plant Automation solutions, you can generate both reliable power and good returns.Power Plant Automation may not be the rst thing that comes to mind for improving reliability and protability. But todays innovative I&amp;C solutions from Siemens provide the edge you need to optimize the performance of your assets. As the only I&amp;C provider that builds power plants, weve leveraged our real-world knowledge and practical operations experience to develop a high-quality, reliable and easy-to-use distributed control system, as well as intelligent process optimization toolsall backed by our dedicated, 24/7 technical support team. When it comes to reaching your goals, count on Siemens Power Plant Automation for the competitive edge you need. siemens.com/us-sppa Answers for energy.CIRCLE 4 ON READER SERVICE CARD</p> <p>BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE GLOBAL GENERATION INDUSTRY</p> <p>Now incorporating</p> <p>and</p> <p>Visit POWER on the web: www.powermag.com Subscribe online at: www.submag.com/sub/pw POWER (ISSN 0032-5929) is published monthly by Access Intelligence, LLC, 4 Choke Cherry Road, Second Floor, Rockville, MD 20850. Periodicals Postage Paid at Rockville, MD 20850-4024. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to POWER, P Box .O. 2182, Skokie, IL 60076. Email: power@halldata.com. Canadian Post PM40063731. Return Undeliverable Canadian Addresses to: Station A, P Box 54, Windsor ON N9A 6J5. .O. Subscriptions: Available at no charge only for qualified executives and engineering and supervisory personnel in electric utilities, independent generating companies, consulting engineering firms, process industries, and other manufacturing industries. All others in the U.S. and U.S. possessions: $59 for one year, $99 for two years. In Canada: US$64 for one year, US$104 for two years. Outside U.S. and Canada: US$159 for one year, US$269 for two years (includes air mail delivery). Payment in full or credit card information is required to process your order. Subscription request must include subscriber name, title, and company name. For new or renewal orders, call 847-763-9509. Single copy price: $25. The publisher reserves the right to accept or reject any order. Allow four to twelve weeks for shipment of the first issue on subscriptions. Missing issues must be claimed within three months for the U.S. or within six months outside U.S. For customer service and address changes, call 847-7639509 or fax 832-242-1971 or e-mail powermag@halldata .com or write to POWER, P Box 2182, Skokie, IL 60076. .O. Please include account number, which appears above name on magazine mailing label or send entire label. Photocopy Permission: Where necessary, permission is granted by the copyright owner for those registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400, www.copyright.com, to photocopy any article herein, for commercial use for the flat fee of $2.50 per copy of each article, or for classroom use for the flat fee of $1.00 per copy of each article. Send payment to the CCC. Copying for other than personal or internal reference use without the express permission of TradeFair Group Publications is prohibited. Requests for special permission or bulk orders should be addressed to the publisher at 11000 Richmond Avenue, Suite 500, Houston TX 77042. ISSN 0032-5929. Executive Offices of TradeFair Group Publications: 11000 Richmond Avenue, Suite 500, Houston TX 77042. Copyright 2008 by TradeFair Group Publications. All rights reserved.</p> <p>EDITORIAL &amp; PRODUCTIONEditor-in-Chief: Dr. Robert Peltier, PE 480-820-7855, editor@powermag.com Managing Editor: Gail Reitenbach Executive Editor: John Javetski Contributing Editors: Mark Axford; David Daniels; Bill Ellison, PE; Steven F Greenwald; . Tim Hurst; Jim Hylko; Kennedy Maize; Douglas Smith; Dick Storm Senior Designer: Leslie Claire Senior Production Manager: Tracey Lilly, tlilly@accessintel.com Marketing Manager: Jamie Reesby</p> <p>ADVERTISING SALESNorth American Offices Northeast/Mid-Atlantic/Eastern Canada: Matthew Grant, 832-242-1969, mattg@powermag.com; and Catherine Ryan, 516-978-3150, catheriner@powermag.com Midwest/West/Western Canada: Dan Gentile, 512-918-8075, dang@powermag.com Southeast: Matthew Grant, 832-242-1969, mattg@powermag.com South Central/Mexico/Central &amp; South America: Myla Dixon, 832-242-1969, mylad@powermag.com International Offices UK/France/Benelux/Scandinavia: Peter Gilmore, +44 (0) 20 7834 5559, pgilmores@aol.com Germany/Switzerland/Austria/Eastern Europe: Gerd Strasmann, +49 (0) 2191 931 497 info@strasmann-media.de , Italy: Ferruccio Silvera, +39 (0) 2 284 6716, ferruccio@silvera.it Spain/Portugal: Tatiana Gana, +34 91 456 08 47 tatiana.gana@publistar-es.com , Japan: Katsuhiro Ishii, +81 (0) 3 5691 3335 Thailand: Nartnittha Jirarayapong, +66 (0) 2 237-9471, +66 (0) 2 237 9478 India: Faredoon B. Kuka, 91 22 5570 3081/82, kuka@rmamedia.com South Korea: Peter Kwon, +82 2 416 2876, +82 2 2202 9351, gulfk@unitel.co.kr Malaysia: Tony Tan, +60 3 706 4176, +60 3 706 4177 nmedia@tm.net.my , Classified Advertising Myla Dixon, 832-242-1969, mylad@powermag.com POWER Buyers Guide Sales Matthew Grant, Account Executive, 832-242-1969, mattg@powermag.com</p> <p>AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENTAudience Development Director: Terry Best Fulfillment Manager: George Severine</p> <p>CUSTOMER SERVICEFor subscriber service: powermag@halldata.com, 800-542-2823 or 847-763-9509 Electronic and Paper Reprints: lyndsay.bahn@theYGSgroup.com, 717-666-3052 All Other Customer Service: 832-242-1969 extension 327</p> <p>BUSINESS OFFICETradeFair Group Publications, 11000 Richmond Avenue, Suite 500, Houston TX 77042 Publisher: Brian K. Nessen, 832-242-1969, briann@tradefairgroup.com President: Sean Guerre</p> <p>ACCESS INTELLIGENCE, LLC4 Choke Cherry Road, 2nd Floor, Rockville, MD 20850 301-354-2000 www.accessintel.com Chief Executive Officer: Donald A. Pazour Exec. Vice President &amp; Chief Financial Officer: Ed Pinedo Exec. Vice President, Human Resources &amp; Administration: Macy L. Fecto Divisional President, Business Information Group: Heather Farley Senior Vice President, Corporate Audience Development: Sylvia Sierra Senior Vice President &amp; Chief Information Officer: Robert Paciorek Vice President, Production &amp; Manufacturing: Michael Kraus Vice President, Financial Planning &amp; Internal Audit: Steve Barber</p> <p>4</p> <p>www.powermag.com</p> <p>POWER March 2008</p> <p>|</p> <p>Your formula for water analysis.</p> <p>Manage your chemistry. Protect your assets.Products. Support. Expertise. Hach gives you the necessary tools to protect your critical components from scaling and corrosion. With over 50 years of experience delivering the right solutions for boiler and cooling water, Hach is your trusted partner in water analysis.</p> <p>Innovative Process Instrumentation</p> <p>Integrated Lab Solutions and Chemistries</p> <p>Expert Support and Training</p> <p>Dependable Service</p> <p>To speak with a dedicated Industrial water expert, call 866-450-4248. Or take advantage of our Live Help option at www.hach.com/power.</p> <p>Be Right TMSOURCE CODE: M083AS HAC-0225 CIRCLE 5 ON READER SERVICE CARD</p> <p>SPEAKING OF POWER</p> <p>Conservation and the law of the junglever wonder why many utilities receive so little respect from the public? In America, open competition requires every business to earn customers trust before making a sale. Unfortunately, many utilities exploit their monopoly position to avoid the hazards of competition, including losses. Its no wonder that public utilities, as a whole, routinely rank near the bottom of surveys that measure consumer trust in U.S. industries. Their low rank is typically a result of questionable business practices and lack of transparency. If this sounds a little harsh, read on.</p> <p>E</p> <p>The challenge of conservationIn my opinion, the most pressing challenge facing utilities these days isnt the rising cost of nuclear reactor construction or falling pollution limits on fossil-fueled plants. Nor is it the aging workforce, high natural gas prices, or looming carbon controls. Although construction, compliance, and fuel costs are daunting, they are usually rolled into retail rates and life goes on. The power utilities most pressing challenge is the publics growing interest in energy conservation as a cultural and moral imperative. Its axiomatic that when customers of any company start using less of its products, the company must either cut prices to make the products more appealing, develop better products with more features, or both. Firms that are slow to respond to nimbler competitors die a quick death at those competitors hands. The law of the jungle means you are either well-fed or on the menu. Many utility executives believe this law doesnt apply to them. Some have responded to their customers efforts to use less energy by requesting rate hikes to replace revenues lost to conservationin effect, treating customers as competitors. Such actions only reinforce the publics perception of utilities as greedy and hypocritical. But if you sell only one, fungible productelectricityyou cant recoup lost revenues by cutting its price and increasing sales volume, or by developing better electrons. The solution, in utility executives minds, is to charge customers for the privilege of using less electricity. That logic is beyond comprehension.</p> <p>fifth fuel that should be considered part of its portfolio of resources for sale at a price for the benefit of . . . customers. The application argues that Duke should be compensated similarly for meeting customer demand, whether through saving a watt or producing a watt. The company [should] be compensated for the results it produces. Theres another axiom in the business world: The pigs get fat while the hogs get slaughtered. Duke would like rate-increase compensation of truly porcine proportion: 90% of the predicted profits from building generation capacity equivalent to the predicted reduction in demand that conservation would cause. Bear in mind that both predictions are Dukes. Utilities have been poor predictors of demand, and theres no reason to believe Duke is better at predicting demand reduction. I say its time for Duke to widen its narrow perspective and use universally accepted business practices to fund its conservation program. The rate cases ask for payment for not pouring concrete. Although the requested surcharges are only tenths of a cent per kilowatt-hour, theyll be on enough volume to generate for Duke Energy Carolinas an estimated $300 million over the first four years of the conservation program. No customer will avoid the bump; even ratepayers with a five-star, totally green home wont be able to opt out of Save-A-Watt.</p> <p>No risk, no rewardBy law, Duke could roll out Save-A-Watt today as an unregulated business venture without waiting for regulatory approval. Few utilities would consider making such a bold move because they are risk-averse and lack the experience to avoid being eaten alive in the unregulated world, where ratepayers cant backstop poor business decisions. Duke is entitled to ask for a fair share of the savings that conservation projects it invests i...</p>


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