Phylum Echinoderms. Invertebrates EchinodermsEchinoderms Characteristics of Phylum:Characteristics of Phylum: –Name means "Spiny Skin" –Endoskeleton –Water.
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Post on 17-Dec-2015
<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Phylum Echinoderms </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Invertebrates EchinodermsEchinoderms Characteristics of Phylum:Characteristics of Phylum: Name means "Spiny Skin" Endoskeleton Water vascular system with tube feet important in feeding and locomotion Skin gills for respiration. Radial symmetry in adults- larvae are bilaterally symmetrical Nervous system is decentralized- no brain- this allows any portion of the body to lead Can regenerate lost body parts All 7000 species exclusively marine </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Invertebrates Types of Echinoderms:Types of Echinoderms: Sea stars-Sea stars- Move with tube feet Have a central disc in center of body surrounded by five arms (or multiples of 5 arms some species have 50 arms) Internal organs extend through the entire body, including the arms Calcium carbonate plates are loosely embedded in spiny skin making them slightly flexible Carnivores that normally consume shellfish and coral </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Invertebrates Types of EchinodermsTypes of Echinoderms Brittle starsBrittle stars Like sea stars, they have a central disc surrounded by arms Five arms seen in brittle stars are thin and covered in numerous spines Internal organs are restricted to the central disc The tube feet present in brittle stars are without suckers and used for feeding on detritus and small animals </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Invertebrates Types of EchinodermsTypes of Echinoderms Sea Urchins, Sea Biscuits, Sand DollarsSea Urchins, Sea Biscuits, Sand Dollars Elongated, movable spines much longer than those sea in other groups Rigid plates are fused into a solid structure called a test Move with tube feet Mouth on the bottom, anus on top of body Biting mouth for grazing aristotles lantern is the feeding structure of muscles and mouthpieces Feed on detritus, encrusting organisms, algae or anything else they can scrape off surfaces </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Invertebrates Types of EchinodermsTypes of Echinoderms CrinoidsCrinoids Represented by feather stars and sea lilies 600 species are typically found in deep water Sea lilies live attached while feather stars are mobile These organisms have 5 or more arms that branch out for suspension feeding Some use a mucous net to aid in food capture </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Invertebrates Types of EchinodermsTypes of Echinoderms Sea cucumbersSea cucumbers Five rows of two feet are restricted to one side, where the animal lies The plates found in the sea cucumbers are loosely embedded in the thick skin They are deposit feeders Sea cucumbers have a interesting predator escape plan called evisceration, where they expel the internal organs; it is assumed this allows escape for the sea cucumber. Since all echinoderms have regenerative capabilities, these internal organs will grow back. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> </ul>
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