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People changing the world40 years of Diakonia

People changing the world40 years of Diakonia

Rachel Norborg-Jerkeby

Translated by Katherine Cash

Content

9 Foreword

13 AuthorsForeword

chapter 1 The formation of Swedish Free Church Aid/Diakonia 18 SwedishFreeChurchAidBornintimes

ofchange

19 PovertyChallenged

20 DevelopmentDebate

21 AlternativecelebrationsofChristmas

22 MajorChurchConferences

24 FreeChurchCooperationthroughSFCC

24 TheFreeChurchesandSocialIssues

25 FreeChurchSocialAidEfforts

27 Thedecisionismade

29 BasicPrinciples

29 TheologicallyRooted

30 LookingAhead

30 KeyDebate

32 Conclusion

33 AnIndependentOrganisation

34 FromSwedishFreeChurchAidtoDiakonia

36 OrganisationalStructure

37 Relationswiththedenominations

42 Atheologyforlife

45 Theworktakesshape

Indiawhereitallbegan

47 TheMiddleEast

49 Refugee71

50 Vietnam52 SupporttoAfrica

52 SouthAfrica

54 Morecountriesadded

54 Theworkcontinued

chapter 2 Organisation 58 TheworkofDiakoniaaroundtheworld

60 Democracy

60 HumanRights

62 EconomicJustice

63 GenderEquality

64 Theinternationaldepartment

64 Employeesintheregions

66 Asia

68 SouthAmerica

69 TheMiddleEast

70 Kurdistan

71 CentralAmerica

71 Africa

72 WestAfrica

72 DemocraticRepublicofCongo

72 EastAfrica

73 SouthAfrica

74 Europe

75 Howarecontactsmade?

75 Globalcoordinationmeetings

75 PeacePrize

76 PersonnelinSweden

78 OfficePremises

78 Finances

80 FinancialCredibility

81 TheSwedenDepartment

82 InformationworkinSweden

85 TheSpringCampaigns86 Dela med

86 Fundraising

87 CooperationwithSwedishRadioAid

87 CooperationwiththeGothiaCupandothers

88 Exhibitions

88 DevelopmentEducation

88 Publications

89 Lobbyingandpublicopinion

90 Conclusion

chapter 3 Bangladesh 94 HowBangladeshwasformed

95 Workbegins1966

96 TidalWave

97 PoliticalUnrest

98 CooperationonaChildrensHome

99 Refugee71

100 FirstSidaapplicationturneddown

101 Firstpersonnelplacedabroad

102 TheSchoolBuildingProjectTakesShape

104 ThefirstSidagrantapproved

108 sfca TeachersTrainingProject

108 Cementislove

110 ChristianHealthCareProjectc hc p

112 Literacyproject

113 ThehandicraftprojectthatbecameSackeus

115 Anti-diarrhoeaProgramme

115 TheLathyrismProgramme

118 Theworkdevelopsfurther

121 Programmesinsteadofprojects

123 Recurrentdisasters

123 InformationinSweden

126 ComealongtoBanbazar

126 Studyvisits

127 Conclusion

chapter 4 Palestine/Israel129 Shorthistoricbackground

130 Helpforthevictimsofwar

131 Theologicallysensitiveterritory

132 Workwithdisabledpeople

134 GrantfromSwedishRadioAid

135 Refugee71

137 Adrawnoutprocess

138 TheCommitteeVisits

139 Theworkgrew

140 InformationinSweden

140 Developmentscontinue

141 TheMUMS Programme

143 TheEcumenicalYouthCentreinBeitSahour

144 PeacePrize

144 AnothervisitbytheCommittee

144 NewSwedishRadioAidAppeal

145 Projectdevelopment

146 ThefirstIntifada

147 AbuRayaRehabilitationCentre

150 CommunityBasedRehabilitation(c br)

152 TheGulfWar

153 Newpartnersadded

154 Thechildrensbookproject

155 PalestinianLiberationTheology

155 ThePalestinianState

159 TheWall

160 Internationallyestablishedhumanitarianlaw

160 Diakoniascontinuingsupport

161 LobbyingandpublicopinioninSweden

162 Conclusion

chapter 5 South Africa166 BeyersNaud

171 PeacePrizetoNaud

174 Personnelbasedinthecountry

176 FrankChikane

182 Banningorderlifted

184 JothamMyaka

190 Anewcountrytobuild

192 Thefirstfreeelections

193 TheTRC

195 Newdevelopmentcooperationagreements

withSweden

196 EconomicJustice

198 Increasedgenderequality

198 hiv &Aids

200 Threephasesoftransformation

200 AwarenessraisingandlobbyinginSweden

201 Conclusion

chpter 6 El Salvador204 ItstartedinSouthAmerica

204 Chile

207 CentralAmerica

208 TheChurchesrole

Foreword People changing the world

diakonia has, thisyear,existedandworkedforfortyyearsasaChristiandevelop-

mentagency.ItstartedasadisasterreliefagencynamedSwedishFreeChurchAid

(FrikyrkanHjlper)inthemid1960sandistodayanorganisationthatworkswith

long-termdevelopmentcooperationandaclearmandatetochallengedecisionmak-

erstochangethestructuralcausesofpovertyandoftheoppressionofpeopleliving

inourworld.

Therehavebeenyearsofstruggle,discussion,development,learningandexpan-

sion.Butmostofalltheseyearshavebeencharacterisedbyworkthatineverypart

andatalltimeshasbeenbornebydeeplycommittedpeople.

During these fourdecades a tremendousamounthashappened inourworld.

Fromthemid1960stothepresentday,numerouseventshaveetchedthemselveson

ourmemorywithheadlinessuchas,forexample,theBiafranWar,theSixDayWarin

theMiddleEast,thefallofdictatorshipsinLatinAmerica,SouthAfricasliberation

fromapartheid,thefalloftheBerlinwall-theresolutionofthecoldwarbetween

EastandWestandnowmostrecentlythewar inIraq. Intensivelycoveredbythe

210 ArchbishopOscarRomero

212 PeacePrize

213 NewRegionalOffice

217 Thestriveforpeace

220 PeaceTreaty

225 ThevillageofSantaMarta

225 ChristianBaseCommunitiesformed

226 Theflight

228 MesaGrande

229 Homeagain

230 Reconstruction

233 Rememberingthehistory

233 Thevillagecouncilmeets

234 ElSalvadorinSweden

234 Conclusion

chapter 7 The last five years 20002005 238 Globkom

240Newchallenges

240 HowwellknownisDiakonia?

241 Diakoniasbiblicalrolemodel

241 Thecorevaluesofthework

243 OrganisationalIssues

244 Methodologydevelopment

245 ResultBasedApproach

245 Thesubstanceofthework

246 Israel/Palestine

247 TheDemocraticRepublicofCongo

248 Trade/wto Debt/trips

251 TheexampleofSouthAfrica

251 jas 39Gripen

252 Networking

254 CooperationwiththeStockholmSchool

ofTheology

254 InternationalThemes

254 GenderEquality

254 hiv/Aids

256 Finances

256 SponsorsofChange

257 SidaGrants

257 SwedoshRadioAid

257 TheTsunamidisaster

258 Conclusion

259 Footnotes

270Literature

271 Appendix

272 Listofphotographs

10 11

massmediawhenithappened,butwithanunderlyingpoliticalpowerplayanddra-

mathatweonlylearnfragmentsaboutfromthehistorybooks.Revolutionaryyears

-andDiakoniawasthere!InthisbookyouwillfindDiakoniasperspectiveonevents

insomeregions.Naturally,itmightseemthatDiakoniahasplayedasmallpartin

thebigcontextbutdontlookdownonpersonalcommitmentandconviction.The

bigwordsandtherolesofkeydecisionmakersareperhapsgiventoomuchweight

inthewritingofhistoryandweforgetthatbehindthedevelopmentarepeoplewho

havestruggledandliterallygiventheirlivestobringaboutchange.

SometimesIhavebeenaskedwhatresultsDiakoniahasachievedovertheyears.

ThenIusuallytalkaboutCentralAmerica.Howtheworkwithrefugeesfromdicta-

torsandcivilwarsinthecountriesbecamethebasisforextensiveworkforpeaceand

democracy.

ItalkaboutSouthAfricaandthestruggleagainstapartheid.Howthechurches

tookgreatresponsibilityforrevealingtheinhumanstructuresandthehumansuf-

feringtheycausedtotheinternationalcommunity.Butaboveallhowtheystoodon

thebarricadesinthestruggleforafreeanddemocraticSouthAfricawithoutblood-

shedandviolence.

I talk about Diakonias work on the West Bank and Gaza over forty years.

Humanitarianprojects in theregionwereamongthefirstprojects thatDiakonia

supported.Todaytheworkhasdevelopedintoanextensiveprogrammetostrength-

enrespectforhumanrightsandinternationalhumanitarianlawasabasisforpeace

buildingbetweenIsraelandPalestine.Youcanreadmoreaboutthisinthebookyou

areholdinginyourhands.

OnepartofDiakoniashistoryanddevelopmentisofcoursetherelationship

andcooperationwithourdenominations.Therehasbeenanongoingdialogueon

theorganisationstheologicalbasisinthecontextofthebroadermissionandman-

date.Inrecentyearsthequestionofclosercooperationandintegrationhasbeenon

theagendawithsomeofthedenominations.

Itisnotpossibletodescribebetweenthecoversofthisbookallthathashappenedin

theworldandwhatDiakonia,fromitsparticularperspective,hascontributed.That

iswhywehavechosentobeselectiveanddescribeDiakoniashistoryusingafew

geographicalareastodepictthecourseofpoliticalevents,theroleanddevelopment

oftheorganisationandaboveallwhathappenedtothepeopleinvolved.

Atestimonyaboutpeoplecarriedbyconviction,faith,andcourageandbythe

vision that it is possible to change the miserable conditions under which all too

manyliveinthisworld.Womenandmeninspiredbyhope,whohavesucceededin

turning thathope intoconcr