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Open Source Organizations and Projects Dr. Matthias Stürmer, /ch/open and Ernst & Young NATO Advanced Research Workshop „Creating Awareness for Using OpenSource Systems in the Public Sector in Afghanistan“ September 15th – 17th, 2012 in Kabul, Afghanistan

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  • 1. Open Source Organizationsand ProjectsDr. Matthias Strmer, /ch/open and Ernst & YoungNATO Advanced Research Workshop Creating Awareness forUsing OpenSource Systems in the Public Sector in AfghanistanSeptember 15th 17th, 2012 in Kabul, Afghanistan

2. Short Bio of Matthias Strmer Studied business administration and computer science at University of Bern until 2005, topic of licenciate thesis was open source community building Finished doctoral dissertation at the Chair of Strategic Management and Innovation at ETH Zrich in 2009 focused on open source communities and firm involvement Worked at Swiss software company Liip creating agile Internet solutions based on open source technologies Senior Consultant at Ernst & Young since 2010 specialised on open source, open government, and social media Dr. Matthias Strmer Matthias Strmer is Senior Advisor Member of the board of Swiss Open System User Group /ch/open Ernst & Young Secretary of Parliamentarian Group for Digital Sustainability Belpstrasse 23 3001 Bern Head of working group Office Interoperability of the OSB Aliance Switzerland Responsible of www.opensource.ch matthias.stuermer@ch.ey.com Co-founder of open data initiative opendata.ch Work: +41 58 286 61 97 Since 2011 member of the city parliament of Bern. Mobile: +41 58 289 61 97Open Source Organizations and Projects 2 3. AgendaOpen Source Organizations and Projects1. Four types of open source organizations2. Some examples of open source organizations3. Activities of open source competence centersOpen Source Organizations and Projects3 4. Four types of open source organizations A.Single vendor open source projects One company owns copyright, dual licensing possible For example MySQL (owner is Oracle)CopyrightOwner ContributorContributor OSSProject UserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects4 5. Four types of open source organizations B.Developer community Developing firms and individuals own copyright of open source software For example Apache Foundation or Linux Foundation Copyright Owner Owner OwnerOSS ProjectUserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects5 6. Four types of open source organizations C.User community Software users own copyright of open source software For example Apache Foundation Vendor VendorVendor OSSProjectOwner Owner OwnerCopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects6 7. Four types of open source organizations D.Competence center Intermediary organization that promotes open source software For example /ch/open or Open Source Business Alliance (OSBA) OSSProject UserVendor OSSCompetence OSSProject CenterProject VendorUser OSSProjectOpen Source Organizations and Projects7 8. Overview of open source organizations Single vendor Developer User community Competence open source communitycenters project Goals Sell enterprise Follow business model Share developmentPromote open source in edition (dual and/or personal costs, solve usergeneral, coordinate licensing)interestproblems initiatives Leaders InitiatingDeveloping companiesSoftware users Board of directors of developingand individual the organization company programmers Scope GlobalGlobalGlobal or regional Regional or local ExamplesMySQL by Oracle,Linux Foundation, Kuali Foundation for Open Source Business Openbravo ERP byApache Foundation,universities, PillarOneAlliance, Swiss Open Openbravo,Mozilla Foundation, for insurance companies, Systems User Group, Magnolia CMS by TYPO3 Association GENIVI for car CENATIC, ADULLACT Magnoliamanufacturers ActivitiesManage open Manage open sourceManage open source Manage initiatives such source projectproject by creating project by definingas awards, directories, roadmap common requirementslobbying, information and awarding contracts platforms, workinggroups etc.Open Source Organizations and Projects8 9. AgendaOpen Source Organizations and Projects1. Four types of open source organizations2. Some examples of open source organizations3. Activities of open source competence centersOpen Source Organizations and Projects9 10. Single vendor open source projectsCopyrightOwner ContributorContributor OSSProject UserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects10 11. Copyright Owner Openbravo ERP ContributorOSS Project ContributorUserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects11 12. Copyright Owner Magnolia CMSContributorOSS Project ContributorUserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects12 13. Developer communities Copyright Owner Owner OwnerOSS Project User User UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects 13 14. CopyrightOwner Linux Foundation www.linuxfoundation.orgOwner Owner OSSProject UserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects14 15. CopyrightOwner Mozilla Foundation www.mozilla.orgOwner Owner OSSProject UserUser UserOpen Source Organizations and Projects15 16. User communitiesVendor VendorVendorOSS ProjectOwner Owner Owner CopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects16 17. Vendor VendorVendor OSS Kuali Foundation www.kuali.orgProjectOwner Owner OwnerCopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects 17 18. Vendor VendorVendor OSS GENIVI Alliance www.genivi.orgProjectOwner Owner OwnerCopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects 18 19. Vendor VendorVendor OSS PillarOne Risk Management www.pillarone.orgProjectOwner Owner OwnerCopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects 19 20. Vendor VendorVendor OSS OpenJustitia www.openjustitia.chProjectOwner Owner OwnerCopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects 20 21. Vendor VendorVendor OSS HISP www.hisp.orgProjectOwner Owner OwnerCopyrightOpen Source Organizations and Projects 21 22. Competence centers OSSProject UserVendorOSS Competence OSS ProjectCenterProject VendorUser OSSProjectOpen Source Organizations and Projects22 23. OSS ProjectUserVendor CENATIC in Spain www.cenatic.esOSS Project Competence CenterOSS ProjectVendorUserOSS ProjectOpen Source Organizations and Projects 23 24. OSS ProjectUserVendor ADULLACT in France OSS Project Competence CenterOSS ProjectVendorUserOSS ProjectOpen Source Organizations and Projects 24 25. OSS ProjectUserVendor OSS Watch in UKOSS Project Competence CenterOSS ProjectVendorUserOSS ProjectOpen Source Organizations and Projects 25 26. OSS ProjectUserVendor Swiss Open Systems User GroupOSS Project Competence CenterOSS ProjectVendorUserOSS ProjectOpen Source Organizations and Projects 26 27. List of open source competence centres http://joinup.ec.europa.eu/software/page/oss-competence-centresOpen Source Organizations and Projects 27 28. AgendaOpen Source Organizations and Projects1. Four types of open source organizations2. Some examples of open source organizations3. Activities of open source competence centersOpen Source Organizations and Projects28 29. Activities of open source competence centers Organization of conferences and workshops Consulting for administrations, businesses Studies and publications of open source success stories Coordination of development activities of user communities Creation of directories of open source firms and credentials Management of information platforms about open source Advocacy in government organizations and politicsOpen Source Organizations and Projects29 30. Coordination of development initiativesAbout the project Project to improve OOXML support in LibreOffice/OpenOffice Coordination through new Open Source Business Alliance (OSBA) Working Group Office Interoperability Public tender and more information available on OSBA website SUSE and Lanedo awarded with implementationPublic institutions City of Freiburg i.B.Work packages within the specification City of Mnchen 1. Formatting of frames and images in .docx City of Jena2. Formatting of tables in .docx Swiss Federal Court 3. Formatting of lists in .docx Federal Strategy Unit for IT (ISB)4. Formatting of comments in .docx and .xlsx Another Swiss federal agency5. Embedding of fonts in OOXML and ODF Canton of VaudOpen Source Organizations and Projects30 31. Swiss open source study 2012Analysis of diffusion of open source: Who uses which open source technologies, why, with which benefit, why not etc.?By Swiss Open Systems User Group /ch/open and SwissICT202 participants (firms, instutitions), publication in October 2012Additionally reports, case studies, best practices etc. Wichtigste Vorteile von Open Source Untersttzung von offenen Standards und Schnittstellen4835 36 2315Kosteneinsparungen (keine Lizenzkosten, hhere Verhandlungsstrke)51 312224 15 Unabhngigkeit der Lieferanten (Senkung Vendor Lock-In)37 41 222616Breite Community fr Wissensaustausch (Lernmglichkeiten)20 30 29 21 311. PriorittEinfachere Anpassungen an eigene Bedrfnisse (Zugang zum Quellcode) 13 172325 232. Prioritt3. Prioritt Frderung von Innovation und Wettbewerb in der IT-Branche15 16 2522194. Prioritt Erhhte Stabilitt (breite Testbasis) 2 5 11 15205. PriorittErhhte Sicherheit (Transparenz des Quellcodes) 7612 13 13 Attraktiver IT-Arbeitsplatz (Motivation fr Mitarbeitende) 4 106 513Regionale Wertschpfung durch lokale Open Source Anbieter 22 3 9 13 Open Source Organizations and Projects310 20 40 60 80 100120 140160 180 32. Local open source roundtables Local networking among government agencies and open source companies Catalog of services and supported open source products Photograph: Meeting of 11 open source providers in Bern with city IT management department on August 29, 2012Open Source Organizations and Projects 32 33. Discussion Questions, comments, ideas, wishes?Dr. Matthias Strmer Senior Advisor Ernst & Young matthias.stuermer@ch.ey.com Work: +41 58 286 61 97Mobile: +41 58 289 61 97Open Source Organizations and Projects33