objectives describe how biodiesel may help improve public health

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Objectives Describe how biodiesel may help improve public health Describe the benefits of biodiesel to the environment Explain how biodiesel may help stimulate the economy Describe what energy security is and how using biodiesel can help attain it Explain the future of biodiesel - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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    ObjectivesDescribe how biodiesel may help improve public healthDescribe the benefits of biodiesel to the environmentExplain how biodiesel may help stimulate the economyDescribe what energy security is and how using biodiesel can help attain itExplain the future of biodieselExplain the suggested actions to support biodiesel

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    Cleaner-burning fuelDomestically produced from renewable resourcesPromotes energy self-sufficiencyCreation of jobs in agricultural sectorAlmost any diesel vehicle can use biodiesel with little or no modificationEasiest fuel to implement due to existing infrastructure and blendingWhy Consider Biodiesel?

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    Advantages of BiodieselEnergy self-sufficiencyCreation of jobs within the U.S.Reduced exhaust emissionsUse of domestically grown cropsGrowth within the U.S. agricultural sectorSpecial Note:NEVER use any clean or used grease or vegetable oil that has not been processed for biodiesel usage.

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    Figure 2: Biodiesel and petro-diesel facts and figures. Source: Fueleconomy.gov.Biodiesel Compared to Conventional Diesel

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    There are many benefits of using biodiesel to fuel vehicles:Betterment of health and environmentBenefits to the U.S. economyNational energy securityReduce dependence on foreign oilBiodiesel Benefits

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    Biodegradable and nontoxicExhaust hot as strong smelling as conventional dieselNo threat to human healthReduces emissions that cause respiratory illnessIn 2000, biodiesel became only alternative fuel in U.S. to complete EPA health effects testing under the Clean Air Act

    Health Benefits

    Did You Know?*

    The direct benefits from the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments are estimated to reach almost $2 trillion for the year 2020, a figure that dwarfs the direct costs of implementation ($65 billion).Source: EPA Second Prospective Report, released April 2011.

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    Carbon-neutralPlants remove carbon dioxidefrom the atmosphereMade from plant materialGHG emissions are reduced because biodiesel releases carbon dioxide that crops originally removedAccording to EPA, biodiesel can reduce GHG emissionsCan be used with SCR systems to reduce NOx emissions, which lead to acid rain

    Environmental Benefits

    Did You Know?*

    Biodiesel is less toxic than table salt and biodegrades as fast as sugar.National Biodiesel Board, 2011

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    Supports U.S. agriculture and rural communitiesAccording to National Biodiesel Board, the biodiesel industry is expected to create an additional 74,000 jobs by 2015Will increase household income by $4 billionWill generate nearly $7.3 billion in GDPEconomic Benefits

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    U.S. is one of the greatest agricultural product exportersIncreased demand for transportationDependency of foreign oil to meet transportation demandUse of existing agricultural production and infrastructureEnergy Security Benefits

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    U.S. Gasoline and Crude Oil PricesFigure 4: U.S. gasoline prices versus crude oil prices. Source: EIA.

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    Renewable = can be produced and replenishedEnergy balance = ratio of energy required to produce/distribute fuel compared to the amount of energy released when usedVery high energy balance compared to other fuels3.2 units of renewable energyCompared to diesel = 0.83 unitsRenewable Benefits

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    Biodiesel Today and TomorrowBiodiesel has contributed to the domestic economyCurrently roughly 52,000 jobs in biodiesel industryCurrently 800 million gallons of biodiesel producedGrowing consumer popularityProduction of biodiesel to increase to 900 million gallons by 2015Will support $7.3 million of GDPGrowth in fleets, school districts

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    Reduce childrens exposure to diesel exhaust and the amount of air pollution created by diesel school busesSchool bus facts:24 million children in the U.S. ride school buses dailyOn average, students spend 1.5 hours on the school bus every daySchool buses travel more than 4 billion miles each yearSchool buses may leave their engines idling near schools this creates indoor and outdoor air pollution problemsClean School Bus Program

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    The Future of BiodieselBiodiesel will continue supplementing diesel technologyHigher blends available at fueling stations (from B5 to B20)Changes at the pump production increases, costs decrease50/50 mixtures

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    Figure 5: U.S. biodiesel production, exports and consumption. Source: NAFTC.

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    Suggested ActionsRecognize that biodiesel is not ethanolBecome aware of what vehicles are capable of using biodieselCheck for biodiesel emblem on vehicleBecome a biodiesel advocateCheck with school districts to see if cleaner energy is used in transportationEncourage school board members and government officials to attend PRT workshops

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    Figure 6: Diesel fuel cap. Source: NAFTC.

    Did You Know?*

    There are roughly 450,000 public school buses in the United States; 390,000 are powered by diesel fuel.Source: EPA.

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    Upon completing this material, can you:Describe how biodiesel may help improve public health?Describe the benefits of biodiesel to the environment?Explain how biodiesel may help stimulate the economy?Describe what energy security is and how using biodiesel can help attain it?Explain the future of biodiesel?Explain the suggested actions to support biodiesel?

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    Give an example of a biodiesel vehicle that is successfully reducing carbon emissions.True or False: Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to go through the health effects tests under the Clean Air Act?True or False: The key difference to remember about biodiesel and ethanol is that biodiesel is meant to run in gasoline engines, while ethanol will run in diesel engines.True or False: The majority of diesel vehicle owners dont realize that their car may run on biodiesel.Test Your Knowledge

    Tips for the Instructor:

    This presentation is for the instructor. There are many ways to print out a PowerPoint presentation. Click on print, then look in the Print What area and select handouts for participants. It my prove beneficial to select three slides per page which will give the audience room to take notes. For presentation purposes, the presenter can print out Notes Pages which displays one slide per page but will print out all of the Notes in this section. These notes can help guide the presentation and can be modified by each presenter.

    PowerPoint can also be used by the presenter to use the notes electronically without requiring a physical hard copy for the presentation. Typically you will be presenting from a laptop or desktop that is connected to a projector. In order to use the notes electronically follow these instructions. Press the windows and P button and select extended view. Open the PowerPoint presentation. Click on the Slide Show tab. Ensure that the box next to Use Presenter View has been checked. Then in the upper left hand corner click Play From Beginning. This will present the slides for viewing on the projector screen while allowing the presenter, yourself, to view both the slide and notes section on your desktop/laptop screen. The Notes Page is on the right and has a zoom button to zoom in or out to appropriately size the font for easy reading. On your laptop/desktop window you can use the mouse to click the arrows beneath the currently viewed slide to advance throughout the presentation. To exit this method of presentation, push ESC on the keyboard.*These are the main objectives of the Awareness and Outreach Seminar. This is telling the audience what the presentation will tell them. *Soread title

    Biodiesel is

    Promoted U.S. agricultural growth by using waste vegetable oil, algae, fish oil, plant and animal matterReduced school bus emissions can contribute significantly to the health of children*Most are aware of the emissions crunch and this slide shows some data that compares different emissions based on biodiesel blendB100 has been shown to increase NOx in some cases butNew exhaust aftertreatment systems reduce NOx emissions*Biodiesel has man advantages compared to conventional fuels

    Using biodiesel would contribute to major reductions in overall petroleum consumptionBiodiesel combusts more completely, which means that it produces fewer harmful emissionsThe feedstocks used to make biodiesel can be grown domestically, which not only allows us to produce a domestic fuel, but also boost the domestic agricultural economy

    Lead into next slideBiodiesel can be compared with conventional diesel and

    *This is a pros and cons type comparison so that everyone can make an informed decision

    *This is a general PRT slide that most lesson one and awareness and out reach PPTs have just to introduce some areas of benefits from the various technologies and strategies, specific slides follow

    Using biodiesel would contribute to major reductions in overall petroleum consumptionBiodiesel combusts more completely, which means that it produces fewer harmful emissionsThe feedstocks used to make biodiesel can be grown domestically, which not only allows us to produce a domestic fuel, but also boost the domestic agricultural economy

    *Using biodiesel reduces virtually all regulated emissions (exception may be oxides of nitrogen)In 2000, biodiesel became the only alternative fuel in the country to have successfully completed the EPA-required Tier I and Tier II health effects testing under the Clean Air Act*A tidbit about implementing cleaner technologies.*Biodiesel is biodegradable, carbon-neutral, nontoxicFossil fuels are not carbon neutral

    SCR systems are selective catalytic reduction systems that are currently being used by manufacturers to significantly reduce NOx emissions from new diesel engines*The did you know slides are available in slide masterfor the background template and the text and source can be edited

    *Tax revenues from the manufact

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