nazism and rise of hitler(goel & company ludhiana)

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Nazism and Rise of Hitler(Goel & Company Ludhiana).pptx chetan kumar goel ludhiana



2. This political party was formed Adolf Hitler's rise to power began inGermany in September 1919 when Hitler joined the political partyknown as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (abbreviated as DAP German Workers' Party); the name was changed in 1920 to theNational sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei NSDAP (NationalSocialist German Workers' Party, commonly known as the NaziParty). and developed during the post-World War I era 3. It was anti-Marxist and was opposed to the democratic post-wargovernment of the Weimar Republic and the Treaty of Versailles; andit advocated extreme nationalism and Pan- Germanism as well asvirulent anti-Semitism. Hitler's "rise" can be considered to haveended in March 1933, after the Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act of1933 in that month; president Paul von Hindenburg had alreadyappointed Hitler as Chancellor on 30 January 1933 after a series ofparliamentary elections and associated backroom intrigues. TheEnabling Actwhen used ruthlessly and with authorityvirtuallyassured that Hitler could thereafter constitutionally exercisedictatorial power without legal objection. 4. Adolf Hitler rose to a place of prominence in the earlyyears of the party. Being one of the best speakers of theparty, he told the other members of the party to eithermake him leader of the party, or, he would never return.He was aided in part by his willingness to use violence inadvancing his political objectives and to recruit partymembers who were willing to do the same. The Beer HallPutsch in November 1923 and the later release of his bookMein Kampf (usually translated as My Struggle) introducedHitler to a wider audience. In the mid-1920s, the partyengaged in electoral battles in which Hitler participated asa speaker and organizer, as well as in street battles andviolence between the Rotfrontkmpferbund and the Nazi'sSturmabteilung (SA) 5. The law was applied almost immediately, but did not bringthe perpetrators behind the recent massacres to trial asexpected. Instead, five SA men who were alleged to havemurdered a KPD member in Potempa (Upper Silesia) weretried. Adolf Hitler appeared at the trial as a defence witness,but on 22 August the five were convicted and sentenced todeath. On appeal, this sentence was commuted to lifeimprisonment in early September. They would serve just overfour months before Hitler freed all imprisoned Nazis in a 1933amnesty 6. Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor on January 30, 1933, in acoalition arrangement between the Nazis and the Nationalist-Conservatives. Papen was to serve as Vice-Chancellor in a majorityconservative Cabinet still falsely believing that he could "tame"Hitler.[43] Initially, Papen did speak out against some Nazi excesses, andonly narrowly escaped death in the night of the long knives, whereafterhe ceased to openly criticize the regiOn 30 January 1933, Adolf Hitlerwas appointed chancellor of a coalition government of the NSDAP-DNVPParty. The SA and SS led torchlight parades throughout Berlin. In thecoalition government, three members of the cabinet were Nazis: Hitler,Wilhelm Frick (Minister of the Interior) and Hermann Gring (MinisterWithout Portfolio). 7. Following the Reichstag fire, the Nazis began tosuspend civil liberties and eliminate politicalopposition. The Communists were excluded fromthe Reichstag. At the March 1933 elections, againno single party secured a majority. Hitler requiredthe vote of the Centre Party and Conservatives inthe Reichstag to obtain the powers he desired.] Hecalled on Reichstag members to vote for theEnabling Act on 24 March 1933. Hitler was grantedplenary powers "temporarily" by the passage of theAct.The law gave him the freedom to act withoutparliamentary consent and even withoutconstitutional limitations