Marxism – the basics. Karl Marx 1818 - 1883 Mid- Late Nineteenth Century Britain Unrest and protest – Chartism Long hours, low pay Periodic unemployment

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Marxism the basics Slide 2 Karl Marx 1818 - 1883 Slide 3 Mid- Late Nineteenth Century Britain Unrest and protest Chartism Long hours, low pay Periodic unemployment No Welfare State No universal right to vote Slide 4 Mid-Nineteenth Century Europe Revolution in France - 1848 Revolutions elsewhere in Europe Times of Turmoil Slide 5 Marxs insight: Its all about money Slide 6 Some have it They are called capitalists (or the bourgeoisie) Slide 7 Others dont .. They are called the workers (or the proletariat) Slide 8 Capitalists and workers are thrown together into relations of production Slide 9 They dont get on too well Slide 10 Capitalists want the maximum PROFIT and the lowest costs Slide 11 Workers want the highest wage for the least work Slide 12 These two groups are locked in mortal combat Slide 13 The Capitalists compete with each other. The successful capitalists get richer and richer Slide 14 and the failed capitalists fall down into the working class Slide 15 The workers meanwhile are more and more exploited by the remaining capitalists they get poorer and poorer Slide 16 Marx said that eventually the workers will rise up in revolution against the capitalist class A new communist society will be created Slide 17 Key Differences from Leninism Marxs revolution was a natural one that would only occur when a nation that had reached point in industrial society. It would not be dictated by the state! It would be a revolution of the Proletariat a Dictatorship of the Proletariat. Slide 18 Key Differences from Leninism Lenin's Russia was led by a dictatorship of the Communist Party, whose leaders simply assumed they knew what was best for the working classes The development of Lenin's ideas about a "vanguard" party leading the proletarian revolution developed into the notion of a centralized governing party, a communist party, which would rule on behalf of the working classes. Instead of Marx's ideals of a "dictatorship of the proletariat," Lenin's Russia was led by a dictatorship of the Communist Party, whose leaders simply assumed they knew what was best for the working classes. After Lenin's death, Josef Stalin carried this even further, developing a totalitarian dictatorship. </p>