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KEMENTERIAN PERENCANAAN PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL/BADAN PERENCANAAN PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL

Endah MurniningtyasDeputy Minister for Natural Resources and Environment

1

International Conference, PEHEPIBogor, 27-29 August 2014

INCLUSIVE GREEN GROWTH STRATEGY FOR AGRICULTURE IN

INDONESIA

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

I. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIAS DEVELOPMENT PLAN

II. INCLUSIVE GREEN STRATEGY FOR AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT

2

OUTLINE

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

1. SUSTAINABILITY IS IN THE WAY OF LIFE OF INDONESIAN PEOPLE AND EXPLICITLY STATED IS THE NATIONS VISION: Dev. Mission #7 - Mewujudkan Indonesia Asri dan Lestari Sustainable development Mission

2. The Current Long term Development Plan 2005-2025 implemented in 4 medium term development plans (RPJMN)

3. Concrete implementation is started in the 2nd RPJMN 2010-2014 and will be continued on the next phase.

3

I. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIAS DEVELOPMENT PLAN

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

4

CONCRETE IMPLEMENTATION:4 DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY IN RPJMN 2010-2014

PRO POOR

PRO ENVI-RONMENT

PRO JOBS

PRO GROWTH

SUSTAINABLE GROWTH WITH

EQUITYNewest 2007

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

5

PRO-GROWTH, PRO-JOBS, PRO-POOR

Source: Central Statistical Agency

GDP Growth

36,15 35,139,3

37,1734,96

32,53 31,02 30,02 29,13

16,66 15,9717,75 16,58 15,42 14,15 13,33 12,4911,96

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Jumlah Penduduk Miskin (juta jiwa)

Sustaining a positive economic growth, eventhough relatively stay at 4-6%

Employment grows but absolute number of unemployed people is still relatively big.

Poverty decline but not as fast as its should be absolute number of poor people is high

Year Labor force (millions)Employed(millions)

Unemployed (milllions)

Unemploy-ment rate (%)

2005 105,80 94,95 10,85 10,26

2006 106,28 95,18 11,10 10,45

2007 108,13 97,58 10,55 9,75

2008 111,48 102,05 9,43 8,46

2009 113,74 104,49 9,26 8,14

2010 116,00 107,41 8,59 7,41

2011 119,40 111,28 8,12 6,80

2012 120,41 112,80 7,61 6,32

2013 121,19 114,02 7,17 5,92

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

6

1. Since 1972: sustainable development was introduced - Implementation: through environmental Laws and standard many challenges

2. CONSTRUCTIVE APPROACH:a. 2004 putting: Sustainable development as development mission in the Long Term

Development Plan 2005-2025b. 2009: Committed to reducing GHG emission: 26% from BAU by 2020 with own effort and

41% by international support.c. Medium Term Development Plan 2010-2014:

i. Sustainable development is mainstreamed into all development aspectii. Climate Change as cross sectoral program.

PRO ENVIRONMENT

1. Climate Change Council (DNPI) rep. of global climate change talks and negotiations.2. REDD+ Task Force: (i) moratorium; (ii) One map. 3. 2011: National Action Plan for reducing GHG emission as Presidential Regulations

61/2011 (RAN GRK) and its GHG inventory in Perpres 71/2011.4. 2012: 32 Local Action Plan on GHG Emissiion Reduction (RAD GRK)5. 2013: 10Y Framework on Sustainable Consumption and Productions (SCP) launched

on the Earth Day in Jakarta

More concrete actions:

KEMENTERIAN PERENCANAAN PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL/BADAN PERENCANAAN PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL

www.bappenas.go.id

NATIONAL ACTIONS PLAN ON GHG EMISSION REDUCTION

Pres. Decree No. 61/2011 Mitigation Action (RAN GRK)

and Pres. Decree No.71/2011 on GHG Inventory

7

32RAD GRKs

1. How is carbon emission situation in the region level in what sector, activities?

2. What can Local Government do to reduce emission-program-activities?

3. Impact on income and local economy what are the alternatives and new income sources?

4. Capacity: institutions and HR needed for M & A at the government level, universities, NGO and community?

http://www.bappenas.go.id

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON CC MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION

PROVINCIAL ACTION PLAN ON CC

MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION 1

PROVINCIAL ACTION PLAN ON CC

MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION 2

PROVINCIAL ACTION PLAN ON CC

MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION 3 etc

8

Framework for implementation on the ground

National Coordinating Team

Prov. Team Prov team Prov team

Secretariate

NCT

TM2

TM3

NGO and Expert Panel

TM1

(1) The Action Plan: Central and Provinces (33) (2) Coordination Team

(3) Working with the stakeholders

SEC

Experts/Univ

Expert/Univ

Expert/Univ

Experts/Univ

(4) The Secretariate

ICCTF

VM NDP /Bappenas

Social Pillar1. Equity2. Health3. Education4. Security5. Housing6. Population

Economic Pillar1. Economic

Structure2. Consumption

& Production Pattern

Environment Pillar

1. Atmosfir2. Land3. Coastal an

Marine4. Clean Water 5. Biodiversity

Institutional Pillar

1. Institutions, Regulatory Framework

2. Delivery Mechanism

3. Capacity

Framework for Construction of Sustainable Development Indicators, September, 2001

MDGGovernance

Green Economy

Environment and Biodiversity

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

THE MEDIUM AND LONG TERM SUSTAINABLE PATH

Indonesia achieved most of

the MDG goals prior and track.

Room for Improvement and GHG emission reductions provide a good opportunity to a more systematic development on this pillar.

GHG emission provide a good momentum to:1. Developing SCP2. Valuing the nature

(environmental services and biodiversity values) and externalities.

3. Internalize environmental externalities into the economy.

On going process of adjustment

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

PLAN FOR THE NEXT MEDIUM TERM DEVELOPMENT GOAL

GHG Emission Reduction low

carbon development

Sustainable Consumption &

Production (SCP)Green

Economy......Sustainable Development

Accelerate reduction of water and land

pollutions

Resource efficiency Sustainable production Sustainable consumption

Green procurementGreen standard

Sustainace Consumption and Production (SCP)

Economic Structure (green and new green sources of revenue)

Green financingGreen bankingGreen jobs

1.Mitigation Plan: RAN GRK Pres. Decree 61/2011

2.GHG Inventory Pres. Decree 71/2011.

3.Adaptation Plan

Green Development

1. Earth Day Launching of 10 Y Framework of SCP

2. Action on SCP priority: Green Building, Green Public Procurement and Green Tourism

1.Fiscal Instrument for Green Economy

2.Pricing Issue

ROADMAP GREEN BUSINESS (private sector-KADIN) 10

current MTDP 2015-2019 Long term

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

on going (2012)

10Y FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTIONS (SCP)

PRODUCTION:1. AGRICULTURE

2. ENERGY AND MINING3. INDUSTRY

4. CONSTRUCTIONS: BUILDING & OTHERS

4. SERVICES SECTOR: FINANCE, TOURISM, ENV. SERVICES,

EXPERTISE/CONSULTANCY

CONSUMPTION:1. HOUSEHOLD2. CORPORATE

3. LIVING: CITY, STYLE....

LAW AND REGULATIONS: RULES, PROCUREMENT, STANDARDS

SCI-TECH: Green technologi dan knowledge

HRD: CAPACITY AND COMPETENCIES NEEDED FOR SCP IMPLEMENTATION

DATA AND INFORMATION: COMMUNICATION, INFORMATION & DATA BASE11

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

Source: MP3EI (2011)

! "

#"

$" %"

&"

' "

Land-based Products & Energy Mining&Energy Agriculture, Farming &

Fisheries

Natural & Human Resources

Tourism & Food Security

Industry & Service

13

2

4

65

12

6 Economic Corridors

ACCELERATION AND EXPANSION OF ECONOMIC GROWTH/MP3EI:1. 6 ECONOMIC CORRIDORS2. DOMESTIC CONNECTIVITY3. HRD AND INNOCATION: LOCAL

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

Eonomic Corridors

Growth Centers

Investment level

13

Greening the Master Plan

I. SEA on MP3EI

2. SEA on Economic Corridors

3. SEA on Growth Centers

Environmental Impact

Assessment

IN COOPERATION WITH DANIDA AND

GGGI

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

OTHER EFFORTS

14

1. Developing framework and mechanism to monitor environment:

2. Data and indicators for Environment Quality relates with behavior, program and activities in the development program important for linking program-acitivities and institution in charge and budget Local Government Ministries Central Statistics Agency..... Environment Survey

3. Capacity: measure, monitor, enforcement.

BPLH Kab/kota BPLHD Provinsi Kantor Eko-Region (6)Kementerian

Lingkungan Hidup

KEMENTERIAN PPN/BAPPENAS

15

TECHNOCRATIC DRAFT OF RPJMN 2015-2019

3 IMPORTANT TRIGGERS:

1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PEOPLE-PROFIT-PLANET, SUPPORTED BY THE RIGHT INSTITUTIONS

2. LOW MIC GROWTH PATH MUST HELP TO AVOID MIDDLE INCOME TRAP

3. DEMOGRAFIC BONU

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