HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE ROLE OF THE CHURCH. STRUCTURE OF CHURCH Pope Head of Church Clergy Bishops Supervised the Priests Priests Lowest of all Clergy

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  • HOLY ROMAN EMPIREROLE OF THE CHURCH

  • STRUCTURE OF CHURCHPopeHead of ChurchClergyBishopsSupervised the PriestsPriestsLowest of all Clergy

  • ROLE OF CHURCHProvided:Sense of SecurityCommunityFaithAge of FaithReligion is the center of life

  • REACHING SALVATIONSacramentsImportant religious ceremoniesBaptismPublic acknowledgement of faithTithes (source of corruption)Payments for religious favors

  • CHURCH JUSTICECannon LawLaw of the ChurchCourts for violatorsExcommunicationBanishment from ChurchPope would use power over Political leaders

  • HOLY ROMAN EMPIREArose from Charlemagnes Empire (late 900s AD)Otto I ruled GermanyFollowed his hero CharlemagnePracticed same GovernmentAlliance with ChurchDefeated German Princes to gain power

  • FEAR OF POWERChurch began to resent Kings powerLay InvestitureCeremony where Kings/Nobles appoint Church OfficialsPope Gregory VIIBanned Lay InvestitureEmperor Henry IVdemanded Gregory VII step down

  • HENRY IV VS GREGORY VII

  • HENRY IV vs GREGORY VIIGregory VII excommunicates Henry IVHenry asks for forgivenessShowdown at CanossaHenry traveled to Canossa, Italy (winter)Gregory kept Henry waiting in the snow for 3 days (no shoes)Gregory accepted his apologyHenry went back home and punished the nobles who were against him

  • CONCORDAT OF WORMSCompromise over Lay InvestitureChurch would elect Bishops and officialsEmperor had veto power

  • FREDERICK INickname Barbarossa (red beard)Military Skills dominated German PrincesLombard LeagueEnemys of FrederickMerchants and the Pope

  • FREDERICK I

  • BATTLE OF LEGNANO1177 ADFrederick vs. Lombard LeagueFrederick suffers major defeat1190 ADFrederick drownedEmpire fell back into separate states

  • Q&ADescribe the structure of the Church.Why was the Church the center of society?What were Tithes? How could they be abused?What was Lay Investiture?Who united the Church and the Holy Roman Empire?Why did the Church and Empire have a fallout?Who made up the Lombard League?How did the Holy Roman Empire fall?

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