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Lifting & hoisting safety recommended practice

Report No. 376 April 2006

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ublications

Global experienceThe International Association of Oil & Gas Producers has access to a wealth of technical knowledge and experience with its members operating around the world in many different terrains. We collate and distil this valuable knowledge for the industry to use as guidelines for good practice by individual members.

Consistent high quality database and guidelinesOur overall aim is to ensure a consistent approach to training, management and best practice throughout the world. The oil and gas exploration and production industry recognises the need to develop consistent databases and records in certain fields. The OGPs members are encouraged to use the guidelines as a starting point for their operations or to supplement their own policies and regulations which may apply locally.

Internationally recognised source of industry informationMany of our guidelines have been recognised and used by international authorities and safety and environmental bodies. Requests come from governments and non-government organisations around the world as well as from non-member companies.

DisclaimerWhilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, neither the OGP nor any of its members past present or future warrants its accuracy or will, regardless of its or their negligence, assume liability for any foreseeable or unforeseeable use made thereof, which liability is hereby excluded. Consequently, such use is at the recipients own risk on the basis that any use by the recipient constitutes agreement to the terms of this disclaimer. The recipient is obliged to inform any subsequent recipient of such terms.

Copyright noticeThe contents of these pages are The International Association of Oil & Gas Producers 2006. All rights are reserved.

Lifting & hoisting safety recommended practiceReport No: 376 April 2006

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

AcknowledgementsThis recommended practice was produced by the OGP Lifting and Hoisting Task Force.

Task Force members:Adams, Richie Bowitz, Carsten Brasic, Mike Burns, Kenny Dyngeland, Stein Ove Lawrie, Graeme MacFarlane, Jim Mekelburg, Thomas Morrien, Antoin Parkinson, Chris Smith, Don Spackman, Alan Thompson, Peter Vogelaar, Jaap Wiggs, Philip BROA OLF BP MI-SWACO Statoil Schlumberger HSE ExxonMobil Shell Shell OGP IADC BP Total IMCA Chairman

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Lifting & hoisting recommended practice

Table of contentsIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 OGP lifting and hoisting safety recommended practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Competence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Inspection, maintenance and certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Load integrity and stability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Lifting of personnel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Management system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Reference and good practice documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Appendix 1: Example of lift categorisation scheme. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Appendix 2: Example lift plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Appendix 3: Human factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Appendix 4: Ten questions/the golden rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Appendix 5: Example responsibilities and competence table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Appendix 6: Example training matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Appendix 7: Example equipment registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Appendix 8: Example of recommended safety devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Appendix 9:Sample design, test, certification & inspection matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Appendix 10: Example colour coding system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Appendix 11: Example pre-use inspection checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Appendix 12: Example pre-use inspections forman-riding and work platform operations . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

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International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Essential Principles for Lifting & Hoisting OperationsPlanning A lift plan is required for every lift. If the lift deviates from the plan, make safe and stop the job. Hazard identification and risk assessment are an integral part of planning a lift. An assessment of the lift and determination of the lift method, equipment and number of people required are critical to planning of the lift.

Control One person in the lift team shall be designated as the person in charge of the lifting operation (referred to as PIC). The PIC shall review the lift plan and ensure that the required controls are in place and the lift is carried out following the plan. The PIC ensures that the lift team has tested and understood visual or radio communications prior to the lift. All personnel involved in the lifting operation shall have their individual responsibilities clearly allocated. All people shall be kept clear of overhead loads and areas of potential impact. Manual load handling shall not be used to stop a swinging load and shall only be performed below shoulder height.

Competence All persons involved in planning/performing lifting and maintaining lifting equipment shall be trained and competent for their role. Refresher training and periodic assessment is necessary to assure competence.

Equipment Equipment shall be fit for its intended purpose and operating conditions and shall be designed to a recognized standard. Equipment shall be fitted with appropriate safety devices. Any safety devices installed on lifting equipment shall be operational and not over-ridden.

Inspection, maintenance and certification Equipment integrity shall be maintained, supported by an equipment register. Lifting devices and equipment shall undergo detailed/thorough examination by a competent person at least every 12 months, and at least every 6 months for equipment used to lift people. All lifting devices and equipment shall be visually examined before use.

Load integrity and stability Load shall not exceed dynamic and/or static capacities of the lifting equipment The integrity and stability of loads shall be verified before lifting,

Lifting of personnel Lifting of personnel shall be avoided unless the risk has been demonstrated as being as low as is reasonably practicable. Lifting of personnel shall be according to a specific personnel lift plan for that lift. Lifted personnel shall be properly secured with lanyards unless written procedures and risk assessment require otherwise.

Management system Lifting operations will be conducted in accordance with a documented Management System.

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IntroductionBackgroundLifting and hoisting operations are one of the major causes of fatalities and serious incidents in global Exploration and Production (E&P) activities. Every type of lift has a set of risks that need to be managed if the lift is to be undertaken in a safe and efficient manner. Despite the vast number of regulations, standards and guidelines that apply to lifting, incidents continue to occur. To give the E&P industry a clear focus on this issue, the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) Safety Committee Task Force on Lifting and Hoisting has developed this Recommended Practice (

Recommended

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