herbs, spices, and aromatics

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Herbs, Spices, and Aromatics. Herbs are like brilliant jewels that add sparkle to any dish. Herbs. Herbs: the leaves and stems of certain plants Flavor a wide variety of foods Sweet and Savory. Selecting Herbs. Selecting Herbs: Select herbs that smell good Select herbs that look good - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Herbs and Spices

Herbs, Spices, and AromaticsHerbs are like brilliant jewels that add sparkle to any dishHerbs

Herbs: the leaves and stems of certain plants

Flavor a wide variety of foodsSweet and Savory

Selecting Herbs:Select herbs that smell goodSelect herbs that look goodLeaves are intactNot bruised or wiltedStems firm, not split

Selecting HerbsStoring Herbs

Store fresh herbs in the fridgeWrap loosely in a paper towel in a closed plastic bagsUse within a few days Dried Herbs

Dried herbs have had moisture taken out of themLeavesPowderFlavor is concentratedSmell firstLasts 6 monthsUsing Fresh Herbs

Rinse and dry firstCut as close to cooking as possible

Whole sprigs and stems added at the beginning to gently flavor

Chopped herbs added at the end create intense flavor.

Have less water, are more intense

Substitute 1 teaspoon of dried herb for 1 Tablespoon of fresh.

Add dry herbs early in the cooking process so the flavors have a chance to develop.Using Dry Herbs

SpicesSpicesSpices are aromatic added in small amounts to foods to give them a specific flavor.

Seeds, bark, roots, stalks, or fruits of plants.

SpicesPurchase whole spices and grind them

Whole spices last longer

Ground spices lose aroma quickly

SpicesMay be added to a dish whole and strained out

May be ground and added to dish to flavor evenly.

Recipe specifies when spice should be added to a dish.

Spice BlendsCombination of a variety of spices

Curry PowderChili PowderPumpkin Pie Spice

Aromatic IngredientsAdd more flavor and aromas to a dish

Three types of aromatic ingredientsAromatic Vegetables and FruitsAromatic LiquidsCured and Smoked FoodsAromatic Vegetables and FruitsOnion familyGarlicOnionsLeeksMushroomsCeleryTomatoesCitrus FruitsAdd zest: just the peel

Aromatic LiquidsBroths and StocksAlcoholsAlcohol evaporates and concentrates the tasteFlavorful OilsDelicate, lose flavor easilyExtractsVanilla, Lemon soaked in alcohol.Added in small amount

Cured FoodsCured FoodsPreserved by drying, salting, pickling, smoking

Add savory flavor and salt

Strongly flavored

Added at the beginning.Aromatic CombinationsMore than one flavoring or aromatic ingredient

Mirepoix

Sachet depice

Bouquet garniAromatic CombinationsMirepoixSize of veggies depends on how long the dish will cookLong cooking: Large PiecesQuickly Cooking: Small PiecesStandard MirepoixStocks and soups

2:1:1

Onion, Carrot, Celery

May add tomato paste

White MirepoixFor white stocks and soups

Parsnips replace carrotsLeeks replace some onions

Cajun TrinityCreole and Cajun Dishes

Onion, Celery, Green PepperMatignonLike Mirepoix

1 part onions, 2 parts carrots, 1 part celery and 1 part ham.

Edible MirepoixBattutoUsed in Italian soups, sauces, stews

Cooking fat, garlic, onions, parsley, carrots, celery.

Sachet dEpices and Bouquet GarniSachet dEpices: bag of spicesMixture of dried and fresh herbsTied in cheeseclothPeppercorns, dried thyme, fresh parsleyBouquet GarniFresh herbs rather than driedLeeks, garlic, scallionThyme, parsley rosemary, citrusChicken and Dumplings yield: 3 servings3 cups chicken broth (1 1/2 boxes or 3 cans) OR 6 c. water + 6 chicken bouillon cubes8 oz cooked chicken, cut into bite-sized pieces1/2 c. sliced carrots1 ribs celery, chopped1/2 onion, minced1-2 cloves garlic, minced or pressed1 bay leaf1 handful of chopped fresh parsley (or 1 Tbsp. dried parsley)1/4 tsp. basil1/2 14-oz. can evaporated milk 1/2 recipe of Bisquik dumplings (recipe is on the box)

Chicken and DumplingsIn a large pot, heat olive oil over medium heat and add onions and garlic. Saute for a few minutes.Add chicken broth, chicken, bay leaf, and basil. Bring to a boil. Add carrots and celery and reduce heat to a simmer. Cover and cook until carrots and celery are tender. When carrots and celery are almost done, add chopped parsley. Add evaporated milk. Increase heat to boiling and add prepared Bisquik by small spoonfuls (theyll really puff up while theyre cooking). Cook until dumplings are cooked through (they should appear moist but feel firm; this is after about 4-5 minutes).