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  • GREEN JOBS: AN ESTIMATE OF THE DIRECT EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF A GREENING SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY i

    RESEARCH TEAM

    TEAM LEADERS Jorge Maia (Head: Research and Information (R&I), IDC)

    Thierry Giordano (France Expertise Internationale Expert seconded to the DBSA)

    RESEARCH, ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATION Ganief Bardien (Industry Analyst, R&I, IDC)

    Moleboge Bodibe (Manager in the CEO’s Office, formerly Industry Analyst, R&I, IDC)

    Peet du Plooy (Programme Manager: Sustainable Growth, TIPS)

    Thierry Giordano (France Expertise Internationale Expert seconded to the DBSA)

    Xoliswa Jafta (Senior Economist, R&I, IDC)

    David Jarvis (Divisional Executive, DBSA)

    Nico Kelder (Senior Economist, R&I, IDC)

    Elsa Kruger-Cloete (Researcher, DBSA)

    Gerhard Kuhn (Senior Economist, R&I, IDC)

    Refilwe Lepelle (Industry Analyst, R&I, IDC)

    Jorge Maia (Head of Department, R&I, IDC)

    Likeleli Makaulule (Senior Economist, R&I, IDC)

    Khumbuzile Mosoma (Industry Analyst, R&I, IDC)

    Sharon Neoh (Intern, DBSA)

    Nnzeni Netshitomboni (Senior Industry Analyst, R&I, IDC)

    Thandokuhle Ngozo (Researcher, DBSA)

    Josef Swanepoel (Industry Analyst, R&I, IDC)

    RESEARCH INPUT AND QUANTITATIVE MODELLING COORDINATION Nico Kelder (Senior Economist, R&I, IDC)

    PRODUCTION ASSISTANCE Dianne Rymer (Economic Assistant, R&I, IDC)

  • GREEN JOBS: AN ESTIMATE OF THE DIRECT EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF A GREENING SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY ii

    CITING This document should be cited as: “MAIA, J.; GIORDANO, T.; KELDER, N.; BARDIEN, G.; BODIBE, M.; DU PLOOY, P.; JAFTA, X.; JARVIS, D.; KRUGER-CLOETE, E.; KUHN, G.; LEPELLE, R.; MAKAULULE. L.; MOSOMA, K.; NEOH, S.; NETSHITOMBONI, N.; NGOZO, T.; SWANEPOEL, J. (2011): GREEN JOBS: AN ESTIMATE OF THE DIRECT EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF A GREENING SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY. INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEVELOPMENT BANK OF SOUTHERN AFRICA, TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL POLICY STRATEGIES.“ IDC OF SA Ltd, DBSA Ltd and TIPS, 2011 COPYRIGHT RESERVED In terms of the Copyright Act, No. 98 of 1978, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa Limited, or the Development Bank of Southern Africa, or Trade and Industrial Policy and Strategies. ISBN No. 978-0-620-51993-9 Although every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this publication, supplements, updates and replacement material, the authors, editors, publishers and printers do not accept responsibility for any act, omission, loss, damage or the consequences thereof occasioned by a reliance by any person upon the contents hereof.

  • GREEN JOBS: AN ESTIMATE OF THE DIRECT EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF A GREENING SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY iii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    In undertaking this study, the IDC/DBSA/TIPS research team benefited from the contributions,

    insights and advice of the following people, whom we thank for their time and kind support of this

    project: Neva Makgetla (Economic Development Department) for initially proposing a collaborative

    research effort by the IDC and the DBSA and for her guidance early in the research project, as well as

    Saliem Fakir (World Wide Fund for Nature) for his initial participation in the project. In addition we

    would like to thank the following individuals for their valuable inputs and comments: Rentia van

    Tonder, Noel Kamrajh, Gerrit Kruyswijk, Raoul Goosen, Nerina Burger, Jaco Scholtz, Isaac Tlhako,

    Nerard Raman, Asogan Moodaly, Tapiwa Dube, Stanley Muphnomunda, Retief Bruwer, Jerry Chiang

    and Prabashen Govender (Industrial Development Corporation); Ingrid Verwey, Glynn Davies, Kate

    Rivett-Carnac and Michele Ruiters (Development Bank of Southern Africa); Peter Hanrahan (ABB);

    Dennis Stupan (AGO); Hennie Vermeulen (ArcelorMittal); Sean Thomas (bio2watt); Laurraine Lotter

    (Business Unity South Africa); Andrew Taylor and Howard Alborough (Cape Advanced Engineering);

    Martin Slabbert (Cape Town Integrated Rapid Transit); Professor Wikus van Niekerk (Centre for

    Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies); Mathabo Phomane and Jeanette Kruger (Collect-A-Can);

    Dick Poultney (Consol); Rodney Milford (Construction Industry Development Board); Llewellyn van

    Wyk and Pat Manders (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research); Professor James Blignaut

    (University of Pretoria); Guy Preston (Department of Environmental Affairs); Ibrahim Seedat

    (Department of Transport); Ivor Sarakinsky (Economic Development Department);Terence Govender,

    Lebogang Letsoalo and Frans Louwinger (Eskom); Linda Dubazana (e-Waste Association of South

    Africa); Daniel Werner (German International Cooperation - GIZ); Jean-Francois Petit (Giordano

    Industries); Nicola Douglas (Green Building Council); Peter Poschen, David Kucera, Christoph Ernst,

    Daniel Samaan, Edmundo Werna and Ana Iturriza (International Labour Organization); Marlene

    Snowdon (INTI Solar); Michael Kast (I-WEC); Pieter du Plessis (Jojo Tanks); Georg Grüner, Harald

    Gerding, Reiner Koblo and Bernhard Schenk (KfW); Charles Van Zanten (Kwikot); João Ledur

    (MarcoPolo South Africa); Mark Beare (Mark Beare Consulting); Mike Wilson (Metal Recycling

    Association); Pauline Forshaw and Marco d’Angelo (Namela); Anton-Louis Oliver (Nu-Planet); Ursula

    Henneberry (Paper Recycling Association of South Africa); Steven Cheetham (Plastic Recycling); Brent

    Goldwyer (Polyshop General Agency); Richard Bingham and Mark Potgieter (Prestige Thermal); Jeff

    Ngcobo (Rea Vaya); Coleen du Toit (Remade); Duncan Goldsmith (Rigifoam); Eric Cornelius (SABOA

    Atlantic); Renée Van Hoeve (Sappi); Norbert Behrens (Sasol); Winston Muir (Scania South Africa);

    Hamming Holm (Sustainable Energy Society of Southern Africa); Burkhard Wendt (Siemens); Ryan

    Hammond (Solairedirect); Ajay Lalla (Solairedirect Technologies); Dylan Tudor-Jones (Solar Heat

    Exchangers); Dick Berlijn (Subsolar); Jon Adams (The Power Company); Des Schnetler (Thermal

    Insulation Association of Southern Africa); Lloyd Wright (Vivacities); Jeremy Taylor (Water

    Rhapsody); Theunis Naurattel (WETEC); and Simon Zadek, among others.

    The team also thanks the executive management of the Industrial Development Corporation of

    South Africa and the Development Bank of Southern Africa for their support and allocation of human

    and financial resources to this project.

  • GREEN JOBS: AN ESTIMATE OF THE DIRECT EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF A GREENING SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY iv

    ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS AND INITIALISMS AMD Acid mine drainage APC Air pollution control APDP Automotive Production Development Programme ARD Acid rock drainage ASD Adjustable speed drives B2B Bottle to bottle BEV Battery electric vehicle BRT Bus rapid transit BUSA Business Unity South Africa CCS Carbon capture and storage CEF Central Energy Fund CFL Compact fluorescent lamp CHP Combined heat and power cogeneration CO2 Carbon dioxide CRP Conservation Reserve Programme CSIR Council for Scientific and Industrial Research CSP Concentrated solar power DBSA Development Bank of Southern Africa DEA Department of Environmental Affairs DNI Direct normal irradiation DOE Department of Energy DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo DSM Demand-side management DTI Department of Trade and Industry DWA Department of Water Affairs EDD Economic Development Department EE Energy efficiency EIA Environmental impact assessment EMEC European Marine Energy Centre EOR Enhanced oil recovery ES Ecosystem services ESP Electrostatic precipitator EU European Union EWASA e-Waste Association of South Africa EWR Emalehleni water reclamation FGD Flue-gas desulphurisation FRIDGE Fund for Research into Industrial Development, Growth and Equity GDP Gross domestic product GHG Greenhouse gas GW Gigawatt GWh Gigawatt hour GWth Gigawatt thermal ha Hectare HIT High insulation technologies HRSG Heat recovery steam generator HVAC Heating ventilation and air conditioning IAP Invasive alien plant IAS Invasive alien species IDC Industrial Development Corporation IDZ Industrial development zone IEA International Energy Agency ILO International Labour Organization IPAP Industrial Policy Action Plan IPP Independent power producer IRP 2010-2030 Integrated resource plan 2010-2030 IRPTN Integrated rapid public transport network

  • GREEN JOBS: AN ESTIMATE OF THE DIRECT EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL OF A GREENING SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY v

    ITDP Institute for Transportation and Development Policy kg Kilogram km/h Kilometre per hour kW Kilowatt kW/km

    2 Kilowatt per square kilometre

    kW/m Kilowatt per metre kWh Kilowatt hour LCD Liquid crystal display LED Light emitting diode LFG Landfill gas LIMPET Land installed marine power energy transmitter m/s Metre per second m

    2 Square metre

    m 3 Cubic metre

    MFMA Municipal Finance Management Act mJ/m

    2 Million Joule per square metre

    mm Millimetre MSW Municipal solid waste MTPPP Medium term power purchase programme MW Megawatt NaREC New a

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